Sociology pt 1 Deviance Crime and Inequality Exam 3

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Sociology pt 1 Deviance Crime and Inequality Exam 3
2013-12-12 19:39:23
sociology exam

sociology exam 3 crime etc
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  1. The difference between deviance and crime
    deviance is NOT always crime, but crime is usually deviance. Disconnect between law and what's the the norm
  2. Social construction of deviance
    relative to biography and history and constantly changing, but we create the social norm
  3. Lombroso's theory of deviance
    casual relationship between physical defects and crime (more likely to commit crime if you had large forehead, receding hair line, bumpy forehead, broad noses, fleshy lips, etc if you have monkey like features because you were less evolved) 

    gov accepted and used theory
  4. Durkheim - Deviance and Solidarity
    • sense of belonging
    • Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
  5. Mechanical Solidarity
    all doing SAME thing, felt united
  6. Organic Solidarity
    Interdependent, DEPEND on each other to do their part
  7. 4 Functions of Deviance
    • 1. Social Cohesion (all come together and unite or all feel victimized, ie 911)
    • 2. Reinforce values and norms (need a wrong to make something right)
    • 3. Job creation
    • 4. Innovation and Social Change
  8. Merton's Strain Theory
    Deviation is a result of conflict between culturally accepted GOALS and culturally accepted MEANS of accepting that goal

    disconnect --> anomy
  9. 5 catagories of Strain Theory
    • Conformist - (accept means and goals)
    • Ritualist - (Accept means but reject goals, go through motions w/o deviance)
    • Innovator -(Accept goals but reject means. hustle, steal, illegitimate because no access or choice. Ie gangs)
    • Retreatist - (Reject goals and means. Taps out of society, homeless, deviant.)

    Rebel - create/change goals and means
  10. Sybolic Interaction Theories of Deviance
    • Labeling theory
    • Broken Windoes Theory
    • Differential Association
  11. Labeling Theory
    • individuals don't commit crimes, social groups set the rules for what is right and wrong 
    • *not the act, it's getting caught
    • *primary deviance (deviance without labeling)
    • *secondary deviance (deviance in response of label
  12. Broken Windows Theory
    • different environment is more condusive to do crime, more acceptable
    • -correlation between crime and broken windows. Lack of motivation to change environment
  13. Differential Assocation
    • stronger than peer pressure, you believe it right thing to do even though its deviance because everyone around you is 
    • ie thigh gap, bad guys in ocean's 13, pro ana
  14. Chicago School of sociology
    -A. Ecology of the city/social ecology
    • -Process of invasion and settlement of territory
    • - Due to large population growth

    3 wave of Migration: rural to urban; european; rural black farmers to urban areas
  15. Concentric zones and their relationship to crime
    • zone 1: central business district
    • zone 2 transitional, new comers (crime)
    • zone 3 working class
    • zone 4: residential zone
    • zone 5: commuter zone
  16. Conflict Theory and Deviance
    • The legal and penal system disproportionately impacts people of color (minorities and poor)
    • -crack cocaine vs powder cocaine
    • - voter ID
    • - Death Row
    • - White Collar Crime vs Street Crime
  17. Why do we use murder/violent crime to interpret crime rate?
    what crime is is constantly changing but violent crime always stays the same
  18. Street Crime
    crime committed in public and often associated with violence, gangs, and poverty

    Differential opportunity structure
  19. Who commits crime
    • more blacks than whites
    • then Hispanics then whites and other 

    • overall decrease in crime all over
    • more women than men (closing gender gap)
  20. cost of white collar crime vs street crime
    300 bil vs 17.2 bil