History I Clep

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Author:
craigm427
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252882
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History I Clep
Updated:
2013-12-15 22:49:51
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Jacksonian Democracy Westward Expansion
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Jacksonian,Democracy,and,Westward,Expansion
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Jacksonian Democracy and Westward Expansion 1829-1841
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  1. This man was briefly imprisoned in Rhode Island for his efforts to expand the rights to vote for people without property qualifications.
    Thomas Dorr
  2. In 1824, the election had to go to the house to be voted on and Henry Clay threw his support to J Q Adams helping him win the election. What did Andrew Jackson later refer to this as?
    "The corruption bargain"
  3. John C Calhoun anonymously protested the "Tariff of Abomination" by righting what?
    "South Carolina Exposition and Protest"
  4. This John C. Calhoun theory, deemed that a federal law that could be deemed harmful to a single state could be declared null and void within a state by a convention of the people.
    "concurrent majority" outlined in the "South Carolina Exposition and Protest"
  5. Upon the election of 1828 the republican party split. What party did Jackson lead? What party did Adams lead?
    • Jackson-Democratic Republicans
    • Adams-National Republicans
  6. Who was Jackson's VP?
    John C Calhoun
  7. Jackson exercised this presidential power more than any of his predecessors...
    Power of veto
  8. Why did Jackson veto federal support of the Maysville Road?
    because it would only exist in a singular state (Kentucky).
  9. What act allowed the government to force all Indian tribes to move to the west of the Mississippi River?
    The Indian Removal Act (1830)
  10. What court decision recognized the Cherokee nation living in Northern Georgia as a sovereign political entity. This decision was ignored by Andrew Jackson.
    Worcester v Georgia
  11. What two issues brought john C Calhoun to resign as VP?
    • 1. Jackson demanded Calhoun's wife include sec. war and his wife in the social life of DC despite them being commoners
    • 2. He didn't agree with the higher rates of the Tariff of 1832
  12. In response to the higher Tariff of 1832 Calhoun moved home to SC and composed and Ordinance of Nullification which once approved by a special convention, accomplished what?
    It ordered customs officials to stop collecting the duties at the port of Charleston.
  13. How did Jackson respond to Calhoun's ordinance of nullification?
    He obtained a Force Bill from Congress (1833) which empowered him to use federal troops to enforce the collection of taxes.
  14. After Calhoun's Ordinance Nullification what action made both parties claim to be victorious?
    After using troops to collect the tariffs he slowly lowered them to a more reasonable level
  15. Jackson thought that his re-election was a mandate for him to do what? Which caused an immediate recession.
    End the national bank
  16. In response to Jackson pulling the Federal money from the national bank Nicholas Biddle (Head of the Bank) did what?
    He tightened up on credit and called in loans. This was the cause of the recession.
  17. What caused the economy to rapidly rebound form the national bank fiasco?
    Biddle was forced, under pressure from business interests, to relent from his decisions to be tighter on credit
  18. In 1836 Jackson issued what, that would call for new lands to be paid for in hard money (no paper or credit) and this action quickly sent the country into a depression.
    Specie Circular
  19. To handle the chaos left behind from the death of the 2nd bank Van Buren established what?
    An independent treasury to handle government funds. Began functioning in 1840
  20. This was the first whig candidate to win the presidency in 1840. He won a narrow popular vote victory but had 80% of the electoral votes. Only a month after inauguration he died serving the shortest term as president in history.
    William Henry Harrison
  21. Who received the "sacred writings" in New York 1830 and organized the church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day saints?
    Joseph Smith
  22. Why were mormons unpopular with their neighbors?
    Because they practiced polygamy
  23. After being forced to move west to Missouri then to Illinois Mormon founder Joseph Smith was killed. Who was their new leader that led them to Salt Lake City?
    Brigham Young
  24. in Seneca Falls, NY 1848, The "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions" was the result of the beginning of what movement?
    Feminist
  25. What women were active in the feminist movement in its early days?
    The Grimke sisters, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Harriet Beecher Stowe
  26. Why was the Feminist movement, early on, considered to be of second importance?
    because it began around the same time as the anti-slavery movement
  27. What was the most influential novel in the anti-slavery era?
    Uncle Tom's Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe
  28. Who started a paper, The Liberator, founded the New England anti-slavery Society, and the American Anti-slavery society in the name of immediate emancipation?
    William Lloyd Garrison
  29. This area of the country grew from 4 million in 1790 to 32 million in population in 1860. Half these people living in states that did not exist in early America
    The West
  30. What produced poor health conditions, epidemics of typhoid fever, typhus, and cholera in cities in the mid 1800s?
    Rapid urbanization
  31. What occupation became dominated by women?
    School Teacher
  32. Who's application of interchangeable parts revolutionized industry?
    Eli Whitney
  33. By 1860 what crop accounted for 2/3's of the value of U.S. exports?
    Cotton
  34. What did the gag rule of 1836 accomplish?
    It forbade any discussion of slavery on the floor of the house.
  35. This Treaty of 1819 set the northern border of Spanish possessions near the north border of modern day California.
    Adams-Onis
  36. What prompted Texans to declare independence from Mexico in 1836?
    After the over immigration of Americans they tightened up immigration laws and increased taxes
  37. Who defeated the Texas Garrisons at the Alamo and Goliad?
    The Mexican dictator Santa Anna
  38. The Mexicans were forced to let Texas go after who defeated Santa Anna at San Jacinto on April 23, 1836?
    Sam Houston
  39. Upon Houston's request for admission to the union Andrew Jackson to no action. Why?
    He didn't want to revive the slave debate by adding another slave state to the Union
  40. What established 36,30 as the northern boundary of slave ownership?
    The Missouri Compromise
  41. After William Henry Harrison died in office who took over as president and rejected the entire whig program becoming the first president to have impeachment charges brought against him. (They failed)
    John Tyler
  42. This act in 1841 allowed for settlers that had squatted on unsurveyed federal land the first chance to buy it.
    Preemption Act
  43. This president's campaign slogan, "Fifty-four or fight" alluded to his motivation to expand the countries holdings to include Oregon among others.
    James K Polk
  44. Polk obtained a Walker Tariff (1846) which was what kind of tariff?
    A revenue only Tariff. Not a protective tariff
  45. Mormons, led by their new leader Brigham Young migrated to what was at the time Mexico territory and founded what settlement?
    The Republic of Deseret
  46. After the Mexican Cessation this man was appointed as the governor of Utah.
    Brigham Young
  47. In 1857, after public outrage of Brigham Young practicing polygamy Pres James Buchanan was to replace young with a non-Mormon governor. Young called out the Mormon militia in confrontation with US troops which was called what?
    The Mormon war
  48. What treaty ended the Mexican war on Feb 2, 1848?
    Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
  49. What was the result of the Treaty of Gualdalupe-Hidalgo?
    The Mexican Cessation resulted in the US controlling all 3 natural harbors on the west coast. San Fran, San Diego, and Puget. It also allowed US to acquire southern Texas for $15M and the assumption of US citizens damages claims of 3.25M

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