American Government Final Exam Abeka

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  1. a ballot mailed to the government because the voter will be unable to vote otherwise
    absentee ballot
  2. the proportional distribution of congressional seats among the states
  3. the secret ballot
    Australian ballot
  4. a proposed new law
  5. powers given explicitly to Congress by the Constitution
    expressed powers
  6. according to C. Shuman, the price of socialism
  7. the characteristics and traditions that have been handed down by our ancestors
  8. the power to veto part of a bill without rejecting an entire bill
    item veto
  9. the armed citizenry
  10. the process where a person changes citizenship from one country to another
  11. gives Congress the authority to put into operation both the expressed and implied powers
    "necessary and proper clause"
  12. a love for one's country and loyalty to that country
  13. the highest number of votes won, but less than a majority
  14. past decisions involving similar court cases
  15. an election in which voters approve or reject a postponed amendment
  16. Presidential rejection of a bill
  17. "Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin is a reproach to any people?"
    Proverbs 14:34
  18. promises success and prosperity to the person who meditates upon and obeys God's Word
    Joshua 1:8
  19. the first foundational civil ordinance
    capital punishment
  20. a private meeting of political party members to decide on policy or to choose candidates
  21. commands by the President that have the force of law
    executive orders
  22. large, complex organization made up of appointed officials
  23. wrote the "Star-Spangled Banner"
    F. S. Key
  24. form of government where the ruler exercises unlimited authority and usually inherits his position
    absolute monarchy
  25. the ruler maintains absolute control of all aspects of society through coercion and subjection of the individual to the state
    totalitarian dictatorship
  26. crime punishable by death
    capitol crime
  27. primary roles of the President
    • commander in chief
    • chief legislator
    • chief of state
  28. wrote final draft of the Declaration of Independence
    T. Jefferson
  29. America's first national constitution
    Articles of Confederation
  30. chairman of the Constitutional Convention
    G. Washington
  31. members of Parliament who supported the American colonists
    • W. Pitt
    • E. Burke
  32. wrote the final draft of the U.S. Constitution
    G. Morris
  33. presides over the Senate when the Vice President is absent
    president pro tempore
  34. placed the king under the law for the first time in English history
    Magna Carta
  35. formulated the basic ideas of Communism
    K. Marx
  36. laid the foundation for the right to trial by jury
    Henry II
  37. Father of the Constitution
    J. Madison
  38. government system where the national government is subordinate to the states
  39. the forerunner to the written constitution in America
    Mayflower Compact
  40. strictly limited the power of the English monarch
    English Bill of Rights
  41. Supreme Court case asserted the right of judicial review
    Marbury vs. Madison
  42. chief justice during Marbury vs. Madison
    J. Marshall
  43. a statement of an individual citizen's legal privileges
    bill of rights
  44. when the Supreme Court goes beyond the Constitution to change societal behavior by interpreting the Constitution to mean what the justices want it to mean
    judicial activism
  45. the most active of the federal judiciary courts
    U.S. District Courts
  46. a brief that is filled by individuals who are not parties in a particular case but still have an interest in the case's outcome
    amicus curiae
  47. adopted the philosophy of judicial activism
    E. Warren
  48. when the Supreme Court interprets and applies the Constitution as it stands written and as it was understood by its Framers
    judicial restraint
  49. the money the national government gives to state or local governments for some designated purpose
    federal grants
  50. the most common type of country board
    board of commissioners
  51. the right of the Supreme Court to declare a law, or action based upon that law, unconstitutional
    judicial review
  52. the only state that had a unicameral legislature
  53. the division of power among the governments within a nation
  54. gave a broader interpretation of Congress' power to regulate commerce
    Gibbons vs. Ogden
  55. when a federal law supersedes or overrides a similar state law
  56. established the doctrine of implied powers
    Murbury vs. Madison
  57. Vice President of a state
    lieutenant governor
  58. a court of last resort within a state
    state supreme court
  59. established  legislative branch
    Article I
  60. Article II
    established executive branch
  61. established judicial branch
    Article III
  62. outlines the relationship among the states and between the national government and the states
    Article IV
  63. establishes the process for amending the Constitution
    Article V
  64. declares the Constitution to be the "supreme law of the land"
    Article VI
  65. guarantees the right to keep and bear arms
    Amendment 2
  66. protects against unreasonable and unlawful searches without a warrant
    Amendment 4
  67. guarantees a "speedy and public trial" in criminal cases
    Amendment 6
  68. forbids cruel and unusual punishments
    Amendment 8
  69. reserves powers not delegated to the national government for the states and the people
    Amendment 10
  70. civil rights to Black Americans
    Amendment 14
  71. federal income tax
    Amendment 16
  72. provided for the direct election of senators
    Amendment 17
  73. prohibited the production, sale, or transport of alcoholic beverages
    Amendment 18
  74. grants women the right to vote
    Amendment 19
  75. unprehibited alcoholic beverages
    Amendment 21
  76. largest init of local government in most states
  77. opened the door for federal court regulation of state apportionment
    Baker vs. Carr
  78. rules that govern the use of money granted to the states by the national government
  79. guaranteed by the First Amendment
    • freedom of the press
    • freedom of assembly
    • freedom of speech
  80. represents a special interest group before a political body
  81. able-bodied men are required to join a particular branch of the nation's armed forces for a certain period of time
  82. process voters use to propose an amendment to a state constitution
  83. the most important source of revenue for state governments
    income tax
  84. a person's allegiance to a country, or full membership and participation in its political and social institutions
  85. local voting district also serves as the basic unit of American political party organization
  86. primary election where a voter votes only for candidates from the party with which he is registered
    closed primary
  87. the oldest and most widely used form of city government
    mayor-council form
  88. the chief source of income for local governments
    property tax
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American Government Final Exam Abeka
American Government Final Exam Abeka Test 6
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