History Test Study Cards

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Author:
Nat.clark97
ID:
252905
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History Test Study Cards
Updated:
2013-12-12 20:16:18
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History
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History Final Test Study Cards
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  1. What is Concurring Opinion?
    Its a written explanation of the views of one or more judges
  2. Which basic principle of Government did Marbury V. Madison affirm?
    The Judicial Power
  3. Why was the Court of Appeals created?
    The Supreme court was too far behind on their docket
  4. Who create Inferior Courts
    Individual States
  5. How does each branch interact with Checks and Balances?
    Each branch has the other two branches checking on it
  6. The Executive branch passes a law by…?
    Passing it through the Legislative branch
  7. The Judicial branch passes a law by…?
    Checking that it's constitutional by the judicial review
  8. What is the Cabinet?
    Advisory body made up of the heads of 15 executive departments
  9. What is the Chief of Office?
    Its the highest ranking chief corporate officer
  10. What are the voting difficulties on Bills for senators?
    They have to leave their own beliefs behind if it doesn't match the beliefs of their states
  11. What is Judicial Activism?
    A more liberal viewpoint of an interpretation of the U.S. constitution
  12. List 2 ways a case reaches the supreme court:
    • 1. Decided in the superior court
    • 2. Goes through the Appellate court
  13. What is Popular Sovereignty?
    Its when the Declaration of Independence embraced the theory that people form Governments to protect their natural rights
  14. List 2 Presidential appointed positions:
    • 1. Cabinet Heads
    • 2. Federal Judge
  15. What are Implied Powers?
    Delegated powers of the national government that are suggested by the Expressed Powers
  16. What is the relationship between the Court of Appeals for Armed Forces and Court Material?
    Both related to the Armed forces
  17. List 2 Bureaucracy features:
    • 1. Job Specialization
    • 2. Formalized Rules
  18. The Legislative branch passes a law by…?
    They create the bill
  19. Pros of a Federal Bureaucracy:
    • -Hierarchy of official offices
    • -Clear norms/rules
    • -Promotion by seniority
  20. Cons of a Federal Bureaucracy:
    • -Hard to change form
    • -Certain irrationalities
    • -Hierarchy can mean Silos
  21. Commerce Clause --> Federal Power how?
    Gives Congress the power to regulate with Foreign Nations
  22. Why was the Articles of confederation wrong?
    • -No Foreign Policy
    • -States printed their own currency
  23. What is a Limited Government?
    When the Government is somewhat constricted on what they can/can't do
  24. What are the House of Reps appointed by?
    The population in which state their from
  25. What branch can declare war?
    Legislative
  26. How many terms was FDR elected for?
    3
  27. What is Expressed Powers?
    Powers of the Government that are spelled out in the Constitution
  28. What is Judicial Review
    The power of the Government to determine its constitutionality of a Governmental action
  29. What is a Treaty?
    A formal agreement between 2 or more sovereign states?
  30. What is Constituency?
    The people that represent an elected official
  31. What is Commerce Power?
    Exclusive power of congress?
  32. What is Gerrymandering?
    The drawing of district lines
  33. What is Bicameralism?
    Legislative body composed of two chambers?
  34. What is the Privileges and Immunities clause?
    When all citizens are entitled to certain privileges and immunities regardless of which state they live in
  35. What is the Supremacy Clause?
    When the National Government and the States join into a single governmental unit
  36. What is Majority Opinion?
    Opinion of the Court
  37. What is Dissenting Opinion?
    Written explanation of the views of one or more judge

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