History Test Study Cards
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What is Concurring Opinion?
Its a written explanation of the views of one or more judges
Which basic principle of Government did Marbury V. Madison affirm?
The Judicial Power
Why was the Court of Appeals created?
The Supreme court was too far behind on their docket
Who create Inferior Courts
How does each branch interact with Checks and Balances?
Each branch has the other two branches checking on it
The Executive branch passes a law by…?
Passing it through the Legislative branch
The Judicial branch passes a law by…?
Checking that it's constitutional by the judicial review
What is the Cabinet?
Advisory body made up of the heads of 15 executive departments
What is the Chief of Office?
Its the highest ranking chief corporate officer
What are the voting difficulties on Bills for senators?
They have to leave their own beliefs behind if it doesn't match the beliefs of their states
What is Judicial Activism?
A more liberal viewpoint of an interpretation of the U.S. constitution
List 2 ways a case reaches the supreme court:
- 1. Decided in the superior court
- 2. Goes through the Appellate court
What is Popular Sovereignty?
Its when the Declaration of Independence embraced the theory that people form Governments to protect their natural rights
List 2 Presidential appointed positions:
- 1. Cabinet Heads
- 2. Federal Judge
What are Implied Powers?
Delegated powers of the national government that are suggested by the Expressed Powers
What is the relationship between the Court of Appeals for Armed Forces and Court Material?
Both related to the Armed forces
List 2 Bureaucracy features:
- 1. Job Specialization
- 2. Formalized Rules
The Legislative branch passes a law by…?
They create the bill
Pros of a Federal Bureaucracy:
- -Hierarchy of official offices
- -Clear norms/rules
- -Promotion by seniority
Cons of a Federal Bureaucracy:
- -Hard to change form
- -Certain irrationalities
- -Hierarchy can mean Silos
Commerce Clause --> Federal Power how?
Gives Congress the power to regulate with Foreign Nations
Why was the Articles of confederation wrong?
- -No Foreign Policy
- -States printed their own currency
What is a Limited Government?
When the Government is somewhat constricted on what they can/can't do
What are the House of Reps appointed by?
The population in which state their from
What branch can declare war?
How many terms was FDR elected for?
What is Expressed Powers?
Powers of the Government that are spelled out in the Constitution
What is Judicial Review
The power of the Government to determine its constitutionality of a Governmental action
What is a Treaty?
A formal agreement between 2 or more sovereign states?
What is Constituency?
The people that represent an elected official
What is Commerce Power?
Exclusive power of congress?
What is Gerrymandering?
The drawing of district lines
What is Bicameralism?
Legislative body composed of two chambers?
What is the Privileges and Immunities clause?
When all citizens are entitled to certain privileges and immunities regardless of which state they live in
What is the Supremacy Clause?
When the National Government and the States join into a single governmental unit
What is Majority Opinion?
Opinion of the Court
What is Dissenting Opinion?
Written explanation of the views of one or more judge
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