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Patterned social arrangements & relationships that are produced by/shaped/constrained by individual actions and experiences
governed by rules, roles, rituals, cultural practices and normative expectations that operate within that social setting
processes that perpetuate or sustain a given social structure
Processes that transform a given social structure
- Common ways of patterning social relationships in a given society
- have particular purpose & governed by rules, roles, rituals, cultural practices and normative expectations that operate within that social setting
Family as Institution
- Common ways of patterning social relationships
- have particular purpose
- governed by rules/roles/rituals/cultural practices/normative expectations
History of Love in marriage
- Before 1700s
- consolidate wealth & property, get in laws, building social capital for extended family
- expand family labor force
- love for neighbors, kin & god than spouses
Things that have marriage as a love relationships more rewarding have marriage as institution less stable
expectations have risen so relationships not up to standards seem less bearable/intolerable to ppl
Modern Crisis of the family
- family undergone big changes that some consider as moral decline
- moral decline blamed for all kinds of social ills
- solution- return to traditional family
De institutionalization of American marriage- Cherlin
recent changes in American family- division of labor in home, increase in childbearing outside of marriage, increase divorce rate, growth of cohabitation, same sex marriage
Historical story-institutionalized(norms about family & personal life count for less) -companionate- individualized marriage (personal choice & self development)
The Way We Wish We Were - Coontz
traditional family never existed b/c ppl unwilling to accept packaged deal of chosen model of that time and place
Historical Eras- Colonial, Victorian, Late 19th C, Depression Era, 1950s family
-future of US family/marriage
-why ppl still marry?
-prediction for future of US marriage & family
-what does all this imply for Crisis of family debate?
What is a “peer marriage”?
Who tends to be in peer marriages?
Why would women and men choose peer marriages?
What are the costs of peer marriage?
What are the potential rewards?
common ways of patterning social relationships that have purpose, governed by rules, roles, cultural practices, normative expectations that operate w/in that social setting
- Particular social entity that brings ppl together, arranges their behaviors & planned & set up to accomplish a collective goal in specific time & place
- concrete manifestation of a more general social institution
Education as a social institution
What are some common ways of patterning social relationships in education?
What social purposes does education serve?
What social rules, roles, rituals, cultural practices, and normative expectations are involved in education?
Class & symbolic interaction in education
- -feeling out of place
- -faking it
- -resolving ambivalence
Common sense of economy
natural product of economic activities, initiative & hard work of individual acting in fee market
great equalizer & facilitate social mobility, provides equal opportunity, rewards initiative & punishes laziness
Soc perspective of economy
- complex social domain made of multiple overlapping institutions w/ back and forth between structural constraints and individual agency
- capitalist economy wants to accumulate capital & benefits from perpetuation of social inequalities
Consequences of Recession
Don Peck- How a New Jobless Era will Transform America
Society and social Institutions
Lisa Mclntyre- societies are self sufficient, totality of people & social relations in a given geographic area
societal needs- continuing supply of new members, socialize new members, create knowledge, control members
Institutions are unplanned & developed gradually- best way become pattern for future generations to follow, activity becomes habituated, routines -way we do things, free up memory space vs. institutionalized behavior is way it must be done