HLT 3301 Test 3 Review
Home > Flashcards > Print Preview
The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards
. What would you like to do?
CVD is the number one cause of death for both men and women of all racial groups and ages.
Arteriosclerosis, ischemia, angina pectoria
Signs of a heart attack include
Chest discomfort, discomfort in other areas of the upper body, shortness of breath, cold sweat, nausea, lightheadedness
A stroke is
when blood flow to the brain is blocked
Signs of a stroke include
- Weakness, numbness, or paralysis on one side of the body
- Loss or dimming of vision, particularly in ones eyes
- Loss of speech, or difficulty speaking or understanding speech
- Sudden, severe headache
- Sudden dizziness, unsteadiness, or episodes of falling
A transient ischemic attack may be an advance warning for
Uncontrollable risk factors for CVD include
age, genetics, and ethnicity
Research about the relationship between CVD and psychosocial factors is difficult because
they are heard to measure; ethical concerns, measurement issues, and the effects of migration from one’s original culture to another culture; your perceptions may be different from others
Distinctive traits of the Type A personality include
Impatience, exasperation, feeling constantly pressed for time, time urgency, competitiveness, and hostility
We may reduce our psychosocial risks of CVD by
- Identify and manage sources of stress at work, at home, and at leisure.
- Modify negative emotional reactions to stressors such as cynicism and hostility.
Recent studies show that __________ differences show up in screening for CVD
Delays in response to symptoms of heart disease are common. Causes include
Denial, optimistic bias, and alternative explanation for pain
Hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation programs include
- Exercise training.
- Education about cardiac risks and counseling on nutrition, psychological health, and returning to work.
- Emotional and social support, and fellow patients support each other.
Dr. Dean Ornish is most closely identified with
The opening your heart program (he believed in feeling good in good physical, emotional and spiritually health)
The systole is
Contraction of the heart that drives blood into the aorta and pulmonary artery (top number on blood pressure reading)
CVD may be viewed as a response of our physiology to the sociocultural environment including such factors as
Stress from sociocultural conditions, including social isolation, poverty, discrimination, family trauma, unemployment, and living with threats such as fears about crime
Lower SES, lack of safety, high fat foods
In the United States the major cause of death is ________ with the second leading cause as _______
- cardiovascular disease;
Important sociocultural concerns for patients include
- Ethical concerns, measurement issues, and the effects of migration from one’s original culture to another
Loss of job and health insurance
The term neoplasm refers to
new cell tissue that may be benign or malignant
Malignant tumors can spread
throughout the body
Metastasis refers to
migration of cancer cells from the original site to other parts of the body (it spreads)
Spread of cancerous tissue from its original site through the lymphatic system, bloodstream, or across a body cavity
Women are most likely to die from cancer of the
Men are most likely to die from cancer of the
Most cancer deaths in the United States are due to
smoking, tobacco, alcohol
Which of these is identified as the major risk factor in both cardiovascular disease and cancer?
Lifestyle (greatest), heredity, age, tobacco use
Alcohol use contributes to cancer of the
mouth, esophagus, head and neck, liver, colon, rectum, breast, pancreas, and bladder
About one-third of cancer deaths are associated with
obesity, physical inactivity, and poor nutrition
Of food choices contributing to cancer, the most important is probably
low fiber intake
Occupational risks for cancer include exposure to
radiation, smoke, asbestos, benzene, chromium, coal tar, creosote, arsenic, and air pollution
Laboratory tests are available for cancer of the
lung, colon, breast, and prostate
A psychological reaction to cancer diagnosis and treatment may be
emotional distress, anxiety, fear, anger, depression, helplessness
Joining a cancer support group may be beneficial because
it helps to know people who know what you are going through
Exercise often is beneficial because
Increases immune system, decreases the risk of breast cancer
Most cancers of the lung are due to
Risk factors for breast cancer include
hormones, high fat diets, obesity, inactivity, and alcohol use
The second leading cause of cancer death among men is
The best chance for surviving cancer of the colon is
Recovery from cancer is affected by
social support, medical care, and income, and other resources
The three leading causes of death in the United States are heart disease, stroke, and cancer. The fourth leading cause of death is
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
The disorder that enflames joints resulting in swelling and pain is
The disease that contributes to cardiovascular disease is diabetes
A disease resulting in fragile bones due to bone loss and increasing the risks of fractures and loss in height is
The disease in which victims experience a loss of cognitive ability, including memory loss, is referred to as
Of all the chronic diseases the one most likely to affect children is
Lifestyle choices resulting in chronic diseases include
smoking, alcohol, eating, and exercise
Psychosocial symptoms of chronic illness include
- Fear of complete dependence on others for care
- Concern about being a burden to family and friends*
- Anxiety, frustration, and depression about physical and mental*
- Fear of death
Major psychosocial challenges of chronic disease include
loss of independence, finding meaning with cancer
The type of diabetes most associated with lifestyle choices is
Type II/Type 2
The most frequently mentioned illness causing disability in the United States is
Psychosocial aspects of arthritis include
- Pain and fatigue interfere with activities of daily life at school, at work, and at home.
- Patient distress includes pain, inadequate social support, and a decline in coping skills.
- Movement is often difficult. Sexual intercourse may be awkward and painful.
- Negative affect and mood disorders are common.
- Pain and lack of sleep increase stress levels.
- Feelings of helplessness are common
What would you like to do?
Home > Flashcards > Print Preview