Surgical Infection

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  1. who introduced the first anti septic acid? carbonic acid in wounds
    Joseph Lister
  2. Pioneered the source control principle in managing surgical infection
  3. promote wearing of gloves
    William Stewart Halsted
  4. conveniently be defined as infections that require operative treatment or result from operative treatment
    Surgical infections
  5. when do you stop debridement of the wound
    when you see capillary bleeding means viable tissue
  6. Surgical Site Infection (SSI)
    most common surgical infection after surgical procedure
  7. what is substance in the blood serve as a nutrient for bacteria?
    presence of iron
  8. patient underwent anastomoses leak with ananstomoses band, after one week patient develop abdominal distention, fluid coming out in the incision site, xray (+) bowel obstruction, open laparotomy revealed yellow, fibrin formation. identify surgical complication.
  9. two main factors that determine risk of infection
    risk of infection -  pathogenecity (number of bacteria/host defense
  10. Determinants of Infection
    • Microbial pathogenicity and number
    • Host defenses (pt)
    • The local environment(wound)
    • Surgical technique(for postoperative infection)
  11. characteristic of organism to cause infection
  12. characteristic of the organism  to cause a disease
  13. one of the commonly associated metabolic disorder that cause more risk of developing infection
  14. important factor/determinant of preventing overwhelming infection
  15. true or false 
    In the immunocompetent patient whose wound is properly managed, antibiotics are unnecessary and may even be contraindicated.
  16. Local Environmental Factors (wound)
    • Extent of contamination
    • Tissue devitalization
    • Location of wound
    • Continuing contamination
    • Type of tissues injured
  17. factors that determine risk of infection in organism 
    number, virulence, type
  18. factors that determine risk of infection in wound
    • contamination
    • size
    • vascularity
    • devitalization
  19. factors that determine risk of infection in the host
    • Immune competence
    • cell function
    • vascularity 
    • metabolic disorder
    • nutrition
  20. the most important factor in determining risk of infection ?
    host defense
Card Set
Surgical Infection
Surgical Infection
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