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widespread increase in melanin maybe caused by
slightly but uniformly pigmented macule
or patch with a somewhat irregular border,
usually 0.5 to 1.5 cm in diameter; benign.
Common superficial fungal infection of the
skin, causing hypo- or hyperpigmented.
slightly scaly macules on the
trunk, neck, and upper arms (short-sleeved
In lighter skin, macules may look
reddish or tan instead of pale.
depigmented macules appear
on the face, hands, feet, extensor surfaces,
and other regions and may coalesce into
extensive areas that lack melanin
- somewhat bluish color
- that is visible in these toenails and toes.
makes the skin diffusely yellow. most easily and reliably in the sclera, Causes include liver disease and hemolysis of red blood cells.