Chapter 2 - Development Processes and Organizations

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km.kristine
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253000
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Chapter 2 - Development Processes and Organizations
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2013-12-16 15:57:55
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ME 2024 Final Test Chapter Development Process Organizations
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Development Processes and Organizations
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  1. What is the sequence of steps or activities that enterprise employs to conceive, design, and commercialize a product known as?
    Product development process
  2. A well-defined development process and useful for the following reasons:
    • quality assurance
    • coordination
    • planning
    • management
    • improvement
  3. What are the six phases of the generic development process?
    • planning
    • concept development
    • system-level design
    • design
    • testing and refinement
    • production ramp-up
  4. What phase of the generic development process begins with opportunity identification?
    Phase 0: planning
  5. What is the output of the planning phase?
    Project mission statement
  6. What does the mission statement specify?
    • the target market for the product
    • business goals
    • key assumptions
    • constraints
  7. In the ___ phase, needs of the target market are identified, alternative product concepts are generated and evaluated, and one or more concepts are selected for further development and testing.
    Concept Development
  8. What is a concept?
    A description of the form, function, and features of a product?
  9. What is a concept usually accompanied by?
    a set of specifications, and analysis of competitive products, and an economic justification of the project
  10. What phase includes the definition of the product architecture, decomposition of the product into subsystems and components, and preliminary design of key components?
    System-Level design
  11. What are the outputs of the system-level design phase?
    • a geometric layout of the product
    • a functional specification of each of the product’s subsystems
    • a preliminary process flow diagram for the final assembly process
  12. A process plan is established in which phase?
    detail design
  13. What is the output of the detail design phase?
    control documentation
  14. The drawings or computer files describing the geometry of each part and its production tooling, the specifications of the purchased parts, and the process plans for the fabrication and assembly of the product is known as ___.
    Control documentation
  15. The detail design phase includes the complete specification of the ___, ___, and ___ of all of the unique parts of the product
    geometry, materials, and tolerances
  16. What does the testing and refinement phase involve?
    the construction and evaluation of multiple preproduction versions of the product
  17. What are production-intent parts?
    parts of early prototypes with the same geometry and material properties as intended for the production version of the product but not necessarily fabricated with the actual processes to be used in production
  18. Early prototypes are also known as what?
    Alpha prototypes
  19. ___ prototypes are tested to determine whether the product will work as designed and whether the product satisfies the key customer needs.
    Alpha
  20. ___ prototypes are usually built with parts supplied by the intended production processes but may not be assembled using the intended final assembly process.
    Beta
  21. What is the purpose of ramp-up?
    Train the workforce and to work out any remaining problems in the production processes
  22. An assessment of the project from both commercial and technical perspectives and is intended to identify ways to improve the development process for future projects is included in the ___.
    Postlaunch review
  23. For generic (market-pull products) the team begins with a ___ and selects appropriate technologies to meet customer needs
    Market opportunity
  24. For technology-push products, the team begins with a new ___, then finds an appropriate market.
    technology
  25. For platform products, the team assumes that the new product will be built around an established ___.
    Technological system
  26. Characteristics of ___ products are highly constrained by the production process
    Process-intensive
  27. ___ products are new products that are slight variations of existing configurations.
    Customized
  28. Technical or market uncertainties create high risks of failure for ___ products.
    High-risk
  29. Rapid modeling and prototyping enables many design-build-test cycles for ___ products.
    quick-build
  30. A ___ must be decomposed into several subsystems and many components
    Complex system
  31. How are links among individuals created in organizations?
    • Reporting relationships
    • Financial arrangements
    • Physical layout
  32. Organizational links may be aligned with ___, ___, or both.
    Functions, projects
  33. What is a function?
    An area of responsibility usually involving specialized education, training, or experience
  34. What is a project?
    A set of activities in the development process for a particular product
  35. In functional organizations, the organizational links are primarily among those who ___.
    Perform similar functions
  36. In ___ organization, the organizational links are primarily among those who work on the same project.
    Project
  37. A ___ organization is a hybrid of functional and project organizations.
    Matrix
  38. A ___ project organization contains strong project links
    Heavyweight
  39. A ___ project organization contains weaker project links and relatively stronger functional links
    lightweight
  40. A heavyweight project team is also called
    • Integrated product team
    • Design-build team
    • Product development team

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