World History Exam - Units 1 - 5 (Chapter 1 - 16)
Card Set Information
World History Exam - Units 1 - 5 (Chapter 1 - 16)
world history exam
(12/13/12) Midterm exams before Christmas break in World History class with Ms. Shafer
What two important rivers were contained in the Fertile Crescent?
Tigris & Euphrates
What was the Sumerians greatest contribution to civilization?
the art of writing
What was the Sumerian's art of writing called?
After the Sumerian culture collapsed, who came to the throne of Ur around 2100 B.C.?
What did Ur-nammu develop?
the world's most ancient law code
In Sumerian culture, what were the huge temple-towers known as?
The false belief that heavenly bodies influence human affairs and destinies?
Why were the Sumerians humanists?
They worshiped man
What is the world's oldest work of literature outside the Bible?
Epic of Gilgamesh
The greatest achievement of the Old Babylonians was the principle of?
What were the Hittites noted for?
For using iron the most
What was the Assyrian's one important contribution to civilization?
The world's first great library
Who built Assyria's world's first great library?
Who led the Medes and Scythians in overthrowing the Assyrians Empire in 600 B.C.?
What new empire did the Medes and Scythians establish?
What did Nebuchadnezzar do with the remaining inhabitants of Judah?
He carried them to Babylon
Who did God call "my shepherd" and "my anointed"?
Cyrus the Great
Cyrus came to the throne of Anshan in 599 B.C. when Persia was controlled by Media. Then what happened?
He combined the two nations into one kingdom
What is Xerxes' Biblical name?
Because Israel is located at the crossroads of three continents, it is considered to be what?
The main highway to the ancient world
Who were the three patriarch of Israel?
What is another word for the 'Ten Commandments'?
A nation ruled by God
Where was David's capital?
A phonetic system of writing in which letters are used to represent sounds rather than things or idea is?
Who carried the alphabet around the Mediterranean world?
Which kingdom fell to the Babylonians in 586 B.C.?
What are the three major periods of develpoment for the Hebrew language?
1. Biblical (classical) Hebrew
2. Rabbainic Hebrew
3. Modern Hebrew
Who invented Islam?
Who was the pioneer missionary in Persia?
Who became known as the "the Apostle of Islam"?
What are Asia's three great fertile river valleys?
Tigris - Euphrates
strict division of social classes
Who was the greatest ruler of the Maurya Empire and established it?
Who created Buddhism?
What is the ultimate goal of Buddhism
To attain nirvana
Who ruled India between A.D. 320 and 535?
What did the Guptas bring in India?
Inaugrated Idnia's "golden age"
When India became independent in 1947, the Muslims in the East and West created whcih true new states?
West and East Pakistan
Was it West Pakistan or East Pakistan that became Bangladesh?
In what area did India make impressive contributions to civilization?
China is the world's?
Oldest living civilization
What did the ancient Chinese call their land?
What does Confucius' philosophy of Confucianism teach?
Practice of family virtues
Worshiping one's ancestor
Who was the first emperor of an united China?
Shih Huang Ti
What linked China with the Roman world?
Great Silk Road
Who was an Italian exploer who spent 20 years in Kublai Khan?
Japan's highest mountain is?
Who was the "founder of Japanese civilzation"?
The building of the Great Pyramids?
Pyramids of Cheops
What were Egypt's small states called?
Who was the greek "Father of Hisotry"?
What was the elaborate system of Egyptian writing called?
Who was finally able to decipher the hieroglyphics on the Rosetta Stone?
What best symoblizes the Egyptian conception of state and soceity?
What is the largest pyramid?
Great Pyramid of Cheops
Who was Tutankhamen, and how old was he when he died?
He was a teenage Pharoh, and he died at the age of 18
When did the Middle Kingdom come to an end?
When the Hysokos ravaged Egypt
How is Cairo significant?
It was the center of Egyptian life and was one of the greatest cities of the Arabic world.
What is the world's largest desert?
Africa's largest mountain -
World's longest river -
Africa's largest lake -
World's longest and second deepest lake -
Largest rift in the eath's surface?
Great Rift Valley
What was the greatest ancient kingdom in Africa's interior called?
Kingdom of Cush
Who was the greatest ruler of the Mali Empire?
What was the famous center for learning and culture?
What were the three cultures that arose along the shores and islands of the Angean Sea?
Minoans, Myceneans, Trojans, Crete
What were Homer's two most famous poems?
Iliad, The Odyssey
Who is Zeus?
The chief and father of the gods.
The typical polis surrounded what?
Who won the battle of Marathon, who took up the fight?
Who was King Leonidas?
The leader of Sparta. "FOR CAT SPARTA!!"
What is unique about the Battle of Salamis?
It was the first major naval battle in history. "AYE!"
Rule by the "best." "YOU ARE THE BEST BRITTNEY."
Rule by the few. "AND I AM THE FEW."
Rule by the many or the common people. "EVERYONE ELSE CAN BE HERE."
What were Spartan slaves called?
Who perpared a code of law that was so merciless that every offense was punishable by death?
Draco. "FREAKIN' VAMPIRE DUDE. I KNEW IT WAS REAL."
Who became the first Tyrant of Athens?
Peisistratus. "DID I EVEN SPELL THAT RIGHT?"
Who was the famous Athenian statesman who dominated Athens from 461 to 429?
Pericles. "WHAT KIND OF MOTHER NAMES THEIR CHILD PERICLES?"
What is a representative democracy?
Where the citizens elect a few men who represent them in the government. "YAY LET'S NOT BE COMMUNISTS."
Who became king of Macedonia in 359 B.C.?
Phillip II. "HE WILL NEVER BE FIRST."
Who was Alexander's tutor?
Aristotle. "OK WAIT. I KNOW THIS ONE. I KNOW THIS GUY."
What is the greatest among the Athenian temples?
Parthenon. "PARTH ALWAYS DID TELL ME THAT HE WAS FAMOUS. I GUESS HE WAS RIGHT."
Who is Hippocrates?
Father of medicine. "MORE LIKE HIPPOS."
What Greek was the New Testament written in?
Koine. "I NEED MOAR COINS."
What is the most famous temple in the Roman empire?
Pantheon. "I THOUGHT IT WAS PARTHENON. WHAT HAPPENED TO PARTH?"
What were the wars between Carthage and Rome called?
The Punic Wars. "THE PUNY WARS"
Who was the famed Carthaginian general who fought in the Second Punic War?
Hannibal. "OMG THE SECOND PUNY WAR."
Prisoners of war forced to fight in public. "ROGER WANTS TO BE A GLADIATOR."
Who was " the idol of the masses"?
Marius. "WHAT A SPOTLIGHT HOGGER."
What did Caesar do when he was ordered to come back to Rome as a private citizen?
He crossed the Rubicon River. "UGH I MISSED THE CON. WHY IS FATE SO CRUEL??"
Who defeated Antony's fleet at Actium?
Octavian. "SO HE DEFEATED HIMSELF. BEST BATTLE EVER." "I WAS WRONG. BRY. HE DIDN'T DEFEAT HIMSELF."
How long did the Pax Romana last?
(200 years) 30 B.C. - 180 A.D.
Who did Nero blame for the burning of Rome?
When Nero blamed the Christians for the burning of Rome, what did this begin?
First great outbreak of persecution against the New Testament Church
What volcano erupted and destroyed Herculaneum, Pompeii and Stabiae?
"Anoiting of one God"
Who were apologists?
Those who attmepted to defend Christianity against Atheism
What is Arianism?
It denies the diety of Christ, which denies His Holiness.
of the three names for Contastine I's city "New Rome"?
Who was the great first leader of the Byzantine Empire?
What is the most magnificent church building of the early Middle Ages that Justinian's architects designed?
Who inspired Justinian in his great works?
Who were the most notable Byzantine missionaries?
What is the Petrine Theory?
That the church was found on Peter
(Christ made Peter the visible head of the church)
(Peter transmitted powers ot successors)
Papa or Father
What did the doctrine
It named the Pope supreme over human society
Who was the first Medieval Pope?
Who returend to Ireland as a missionary?
What are sacraments?
Sacred plans that makes your way into Heaven. *something like that
What did the Council of Toulouse do?
It forbade anyone to read the Bible.
What is a breviary?
service & worship book in the church
What are monasteries?
religious communities isolated from society
What are the three orders of monks?
How are friars different from monks?
Friars preached and did missionary work outside of monastaries
What line of kings did Clovis start?
What did the "Donation of Pepin" become known as?
What was unique about Charlemagne's empire?
It was the largest in the West since the Roman Empire in A.D. 300
What happened on Christmas Day 800?
Charlemagne was crowned emperor of Rome.
What did the Treaty of Verdun do?
It divided Charelmagne's empire into 3 parts
Which people came from Scandanavia?
What was Otto's nickname?
Otto the Great
In 962, Otto invaded Italy and was crowned...
Emperor of the Romans
When Otto was crowned Emperor of the Romans, the pop gave rise to or was head leader to?
the Holy Roman Empire
Who started the Hohenstaufen Line of kings?
Under which pope did the papacy attain the zenith of its power?
When the popes and caridinals had a rivalry, what was this event called?
a way of life based upon the ownership of land
a piece of land held by one man (Lord)
code of conduct for the nobility and the knights
family emblem/ symbol
What were the lord's fields
What did the First Crusade accomplish?
a strip of land along the eastern coast of the Mediteranean (not that grand)
Who was called upon to preach the need for Europeans to take up that cross again?
Bernand of Clairvaux
Who was the Muslim leader and sultan of Egypt during the Crusades?
Which king joined the Third Crusade and caused it to be known as the "Crusade of Kings"?
early form of trade unionism
During the 1000's what was one of the earlist industries?
Wool (Produced by the Flanders)
During the medieval times, who were a leading Italian banking family?
How many people were killed during the Black Death/ Plaque?
Where was the first medieval university?
What is the oldest German university?
Univeristy of Praque
attempt to combine Greek Philosophy and Roman Catholic doctrines
What was Thomas Aquina's philosophy called?
Who was Roger Bacon?
First English Scientist
What is title of Thomas a Kempis' book?
The Imitation of Christ
Who wrote the
The Canterbury Tales
Donates money to art
The School of Athens
Who painted the Sistine Chapel?
What did Johann Gutenberg invent and when?
Movable-type printing press/ 1440
Who was the first great king in England?
Alfred the Great
What was the
a book of William's property and people who owe him taxes
Who ruled England, Denmark, and Norway?
Canute the Dane
Who initiated the Plantagenet line of kings?
Who is the only person in history to have held the title of queen of France and queen of England?
Eleanor of Aquitaine
When was the Magna Carta signed?
What is the French version of Parliament?
Who called the first meeting of Parliament?
Simon de Montfort
Who called the "Model Parliament"?
What battle ended the War of Roses?
Battle of Bosworth Field
Who traveled through most of Asia?
Who was the most important Indian civilization in South America?
Who was the most powerful Native Americans empire at the beginning of the Age of Exploration?
Who discovered Florida?
Ponce do Leon
Who did a three-yea voyage around the world?
Who discovered the St. Lawrence River?
Who translated the Bible to French from the Latin Volgath
Who printed the first edition of the New Testament in the original Greek?
a certificate to not pay one's sin to get out of purgatory
How would Luther's study of the Bible have helped him understand what was wrong with indulgences?
Works do not bring you to Heaven
When did Luther serve notice that he was ready to debate about indulgence, and when did the Protestant Reformation began?
October 31, 1517
What did the Edict of Worms do?
Declared that Luther was an outlaw and heretic
Who wrote the "Mighty Fortress is our God"?
What new thing did Zwingli announce he would be doing during service in
He would be preaching from the New Testament.
The Institutes of the Christian Religion
Where did John Calvin put his ideas into practice?
What year was Spain's "Invincible Armada" destroyed?
Who wrote Don Quixote?
Miguel De Cervantes
What did Henry VIII begin when he broke away from the Catholic Church?
The English Reformation
Who was "The Father of Dutch Liberties"?
William the Silent
Name three men who were Protestant leaders during Edward VI's reign -
What was Mary Tudor's nickname?
Who wrote the
Book of Martyrs
How did Queen Elizabeth earn the nickname "Good Queen Bess"?
Everyone loved her
Who was the leader of the Scottish Reformation?
Who was perhaps the greatest write of all times?
Who wrote the Faerie Queene?
Name the two men who led the French Reformation -
Henry of Navarre
Who issued the Edict of Nantes?
Who was Carindal Richelieu?
Powerful Cardinal in France
What did Johannes Kepler discover?
The three laws of planetary motion
What ended the Thirty Year's War?
Peace of Westphalia
How is Newton remembered as?
"Father of Modern Science"
Who found the Royal Society?
Define a classic:
a work of superior excellence that has stood the test of time
What did Bach believe about music?
Everything should be done "
to the glory of God."
Who wrote the Hallelujah chorus in
, which is the best music part in the world?
What opera did Mozart write?
The Marriage of Figurr
Who wrote the Moonlight Sonata?
Who made the
Who was the greatest of the Dutch masters?
Rembrandt van Rijn
What was the first Protestant confession of faith?
Confession of Augsburg
Who found the Jesuit Society?
Who founded the Mighty Mogul Empire? He built the Taj Mahal.