Chapter 16 - Patents and Intellectual Property

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Chapter 16 - Patents and Intellectual Property
2013-12-13 19:41:03
ME 2024 Final Test Chapter 16 Patents Intellectual Property

Patents and Intellectual Property
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  1. What are the types of intellectual property?
    patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright
  2. A temporary monopoly granted by a government to an inventor to exclude others from using an invention is known as a ___.
  3. An exclusive right granted by the government to a trademark owner to use a specific name or symbol in association with a class of products or services is known as a ___.
  4. What is a trade secret?
    Information used in a trade or business that offers its owner a competitive advantage and that can be kept secret
  5. What is a copyright?
    An exclusive right granted by the government to copy and distribute an original work of expression
  6. What are two types of patents?
    Design patents and utility patents
  7. Design patents provide the legal right to exclude someone from ___ and ___ a product with the identical ornamental design described by the design patent.
    production and selling
  8. Law requires that patented inventions be:
    • useful
    • novel
    • nonobvious
  9. About two-thirds of applications filed for patents results in ___ patents.
  10. An ___ right requires that the patent owner sue the infringer
  11. Legally, a U.S. patent application must be filed within __ year of the first public disclosure of an invention
  12. What is an invention disclosure?
    A detailed description of an invention
  13. What are the steps for preparing a disclosure?
    • Formulate a strategy and plan
    • Study prior inventions
    • Outline claims
    • Write a description of the invention
    • Refine claims
    • Pursue application
    • Reflect on the results and process
  14. The difference between a provisional patent application and a regular patent application is that a provisional application needs to only _____.
    Fully describe the invention
  15. What are three sources of information for prior inventions?
    • Existing and historical product literature
    • Patent searches
    • Technical and trade publications
  16. What do claims describe?
    Certain characteristics of the invention
  17. What is a specification?
    The bulk of the patent application
  18. What is the description?
    The body of the patent application; the part of the application that actually describes the invention
  19. What is an embodiment?
    Physical realization of the claimed invention
  20. What is a preferred embodiment?
    The best way of practicing the invention
  21. What are claims?
    A set of numbered phrases that precisely define the essential elements of the invension
  22. Multiple claims are arranged hierarchically into ___ claims and ___ claims.
    Independent, dependent
  23. A guideline for crafting claims is to make a claim as ___ as possible.
  24. When making claims, modifiers like "___", "___", and "___" should be used
    substantially, essentially, approximately
  25. A provisional patent application is less than $___ in filing fees.
  26. How many in filing fees does a regular patent application cost?