Chapter 16 - Patents and Intellectual Property
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What are the types of intellectual property?
patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright
A temporary monopoly granted by a government to an inventor to exclude others from using an invention is known as a ___.
An exclusive right granted by the government to a trademark owner to use a specific name or symbol in association with a class of products or services is known as a ___.
What is a trade secret?
Information used in a trade or business that offers its owner a competitive advantage and that can be kept secret
What is a copyright?
An exclusive right granted by the government to copy and distribute an original work of expression
What are two types of patents?
Design patents and utility patents
Design patents provide the legal right to exclude someone from ___ and ___ a product with the identical ornamental design described by the design patent.
production and selling
Law requires that patented inventions be:
About two-thirds of applications filed for patents results in ___ patents.
An ___ right requires that the patent owner sue the infringer
Legally, a U.S. patent application must be filed within __ year of the first public disclosure of an invention
What is an invention disclosure?
A detailed description of an invention
What are the steps for preparing a disclosure?
- Formulate a strategy and plan
- Study prior inventions
- Outline claims
- Write a description of the invention
- Refine claims
- Pursue application
- Reflect on the results and process
The difference between a provisional patent application and a regular patent application is that a provisional application needs to only _____.
Fully describe the invention
What are three sources of information for prior inventions?
- Existing and historical product literature
- Patent searches
- Technical and trade publications
What do claims describe?
Certain characteristics of the invention
What is a specification?
The bulk of the patent application
What is the description?
The body of the patent application; the part of the application that actually describes the invention
What is an embodiment?
Physical realization of the claimed invention
What is a preferred embodiment?
The best way of practicing the invention
What are claims?
A set of numbered phrases that precisely define the essential elements of the invension
Multiple claims are arranged hierarchically into ___ claims and ___ claims.
A guideline for crafting claims is to make a claim as ___ as possible.
When making claims, modifiers like "___", "___", and "___" should be used
substantially, essentially, approximately
A provisional patent application is less than $___ in filing fees.
How many in filing fees does a regular patent application cost?
What would you like to do?
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