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The study of childhood and adolescent sexuality is broken into what phases
- •Beginnings: Birth to Age 2
- •Early Childhood: Ages 2 to 5
- •Middle Childhood to Preteen: Ages 6 to 12
- •Adolescence: Ages 12 to 18
gender identity is in place after what age
Ages 2 to 5 child sex play involves
–Child sex play may involve:
•Undressing and touching
•Rub bodies against each other
–Often with same sex child
When does puberty typically begins for girls and for boys
- •8-13 for girls; menarche mean is 12
•9-14 for boys; semenarche mean is 13
The two primary sources of sex education for
Media and peers often are primary sources of information
In the U.S. what percent of heterosexual couples cohabitate before marriage
70% of U.S
In heterosexual couples. Longer cohabitation is
•higher divorce rates in heterosexual couples
Advantages of cohabitation
learn more about each other’s habits, share finances, mature the relationship
Disadvantages to cohabitation?
•unsupportive family, cut off from friends
In U.S., first marriage median age is _________ for men; ______ for women
28 for men; 26 for women
The common characteristics of Swingers
•Swingers tend to be white, middle-class, middle-aged church-goers
What are social factors that contribute to
–Accessibility and low cost
–Equitable division of marital assets
–More acceptable in U.S. society
–Religious groups are less opposed than in the past
Examples of predisposing factors that
contributes to divorce
–Marry at a young age, emotional immaturity
–Marry because of an unplanned pregnancy
–Have more than five children
–Short interval from marriage and children
–No religious affiliation
–Prior divorce; divorced parents
Sexual orientation ________
the gender(s) that a person is attracted to emotionally, physically, sexually, and romantically
•predominantly attracted to members of the other sex
attracted to both men and women
•predominantly attracted to members of the same sex
In 2006, 1 in _______ births was a first birth to women 35 and older.
From 1920 to 2006 age of first time mothers has increased by how many years
How many days after conception implantation of the blastocyst into the uterine wall.
Approximately _________ of the time the reason for infertility in couples is unknown.
It is suggested that women who are pregnant should eat how many more calories per day.
On average how many diagnosed pregnancies end in a miscarriage
15 to 20%
The two most popular contraceptive methods in the U.S.?
•birth control pills and female sterilization
Examples of barrier methods of contraceptives?
–Cervical Barriers: Diaphragms and Surgical Caps
–The Contraceptive Sponge
The advantages of male condoms
–Encourages male participation
–No prescription necessary
–Can reduce premature ejaculation
–Can reduce postcoital drip
–No medical side effects
disadvantages of male condoms
–Can reduce sensation
In the US what percentage of unintended pregnancies end in abortion
Examples of bacterial infections
–Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Half of the 19 million STIs reported each year in the U.S. are people ______years of age.
Which STIs fall under the mandatory reporting?
syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia and HIV
Which sex is more likely to be asymptomatic when infected with an STI?
Women who have sex with other women are at a higher risk for STIs than women who identify as exclusively heterosexual.
true because less likely to obtain yearly pelvic exams than heterosexual women
What % of preterm births and infant deaths are due to STIs
The majority of rape survivors know their assailants
Reasons people do not report rape
–Don’t think it was rape
–Fear confidentiality won’t be maintained
–Are shamed and humiliated
–Fear they won’t be taken seriously
–73% know attacker, not comfortable reporting
What percentage of college men stated that there is some likelihood they would use rape or force under the right circumstance.
The majority of rapists are serial offenders, on average having how many victims
What is one of the strongest predictors of rape.