Chapter 11 pathology

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  1. loss of memory caused by brain damage or severe emotional trauma
  2. lack or impairment of the ability to form or understand speech
  3. refers to difficulty in the articulation of speech
  4. weakness
  5. a condition of a lack of coordination
  6. continuous, involuntary, slow writhing movements of the extremeties
  7. deep, prolonged unconsciousness from which the patient cannot be aroused
  8. neuromuscular reaction to abnormal electrical activity within the brain
    convulsion / seizure
  9. condition of difficulty with swallowing
  10. involuntary contraction of small, local muscles
  11. feeling of prickling, burning, or numbness
  12. involuntary muscle contractions of sudden onset
  13. fainting
  14. a form of syncope that results from abrupt emotional stress involving the vagus nerve's effect on blood vessels
    vasovagal attack
  15. rhythmic, quivering, purposeless skeletal muscle movements seen in some elderly individuals and in patients with various neuro-degenerative disorders
  16. dizziness; abnormal sensation of movement when there is none, either of oneself moving, or of objects moving around oneself
  17. a congenital lack of formulation of major portions of the brain
  18. a failure of the skull and vertebral column to fuse during fetal development
  19. condition of abnormal accumulation of fluid in the ventricles of the brain
  20. condition in which the spinal column has an abnormal opening that allows protrusion of the meninges and/or the spinal cord
    spina bifida
  21. saclike protrusion of the meninges or spinal cord in spina bifida
    meningocele / meningomyelocele
  22. serious head injury characterized by one or more of the following: loss of consciousness, amnesia, seizures, or a change of mental status
  23. head injury of sufficient force to bruise the brain.
    contusion, cerebral
  24. localized collection of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, tissue, or space, due to a break in the wall of a blood vessel
  25. hematoma occurring above the dura mater
    epidural hematoma
  26. hematoma occurring between the dura mater and arachnoid meninges
    subdural hematoma
  27. inflammation of the brain, most frequently caused by a virus transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito
  28. any infection or inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, most commonly due to a viral infection, although more severe strains are bacterial or fungal in nature
  29. degenerative, fatal disease of the motor neurons, in which patients exhibit progressive muscle weakness and atrophy
    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) / Lou Gehrig's disease
  30. inherited disorder that manifests itself in adulthood as a progressive loss of neural control, uncontrollable jerking movements, and dementia
    Huntington's disease / Huntington's chorea
  31. some patients who had polio report symptoms of exhaustion and muscle and joint pain decades after their initial illness
    postpolio syndrome (PPS)
  32. progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by tremors, fasciculations, slow shuffling gait, bradykinesia (slow movements), dysphasia and dysphagia. Cause unknown
    Parkinson's disease
  33. progressive neurodegenerative disease in which patients exhibit an impairment of cognitive functioning.
    Alzheimer's disease (AD)
  34. loss or impairment of cognitive abilities, although not as severe as AD
    mild cognitive impairment (MCI) / incipient dementia
  35. neurogenerative disease characterized by destruction of myelin sheaths on the CNS neurons (demyelination) and their abnormal replacement by the gradual accumulation of hardening plaques
    multiple sclerosis (MS)
  36. disorders of the sleep-wake cycle
  37. the inability to sleep or stay asleep
  38. excessive depth or length of sleep, which may be accompanied by daytime sleepiness
  39. group of disorders characterized by some or all of the following: recurrent seizures, sensory disturbances, abnormal behavior, and/or loss of consciousness
  40. seizure accompanied by temporary loss of consciousness and severe muscle spasms
    tonic clonic (grand mal)
  41. seizure accompanied by loss of consciousness exhibited by unresponsiveness for short periods without muscle involvement
    absence seizure (petit mal)
  42. a condition of intense, unrelenting, life-threatening seizures
    status epilepticus
  43. false seizures
  44. headache of vascular origin
  45. disorder characterized by sudden attacks of sleep
  46. a loss of muscle tone that results in collapse without loss of consciousness
  47. temporary ischemia of cerebral tissue due to an occlusion (blockage) from a thrombus or embolus, or as a result of a cerebral hemorrhage
    transient ischemic attack (TIA)
  48. paralysis of the facial nerve
    Bell's palsy
  49. compression injury that manifest itself as fluctuating pain, numbness, and paresthesias of the hand caused by compression of the median nerve at the wrist
    carpal tunnel syndrom (CTS)
  50. nerve pain, described by patients as "burning pain"
  51. condition of a burning, tingling sensation in the thigh caused by injury to one of the femoral nerves
    meralgia paresthetica
  52. chronic facial pain that affects the fifth cranial nerve. usually experienced on one side of the face
    trigeminal neuralgia / tic doloureux
  53. autoimmune disorder of acute polyneuritis producing profound myasthenia that may lead to paralysis
    Guillain-Barre sydrome
  54. a general term describing a disorder of several peripheral nerves
  55. group of disorders characterized as an inherited progressive atrophy of skeletal muscle without neural involvement
    muscular dystrophy (MD)
  56. usually severe condition characterized by fatigue and progressive muscle weakness, especially of the face and throat
    myasthenia gravis
  57. motor function disorder as a result of permanent, nonprogressive brain defect or lesion caused by perinatally. neural deficits may include paralysis, ataxia, astetosis, seizures, and/or impairment of sensory functions
    cerebral palsy (CP)
  58. paralysis of the same body part on both sides of the body
  59. muscular weakness or slight paralysis on the left side or right side of the body
  60. paralysis on the left or right side of the body
  61. damage to the upper brainstem that leaves the patient paralyzed and mute
    locked-in state
  62. paralysis of one limb on the left or right side of the body
  63. paralysis of the lower limbs and trunk
  64. paralysis of arms, legs, and trunk
  65. tumor arising from star-shaped glial cells that is malignant in higher grades
  66. a grade IV astrocytoma, the most common primary brain cancer
    glioblastoma multiforme
  67. tumors of the cells that line the ventricles of the brain
  68. tumor that arises from embryonic tissue in the cerebellum. most commonly seen in children
  69. slow growing, usually benign tumor of the meninges. although benign, may cause problems because of its size and location
  70. highly malignant tumor arising from either the autonomic nervous system or the adrenal medulla. usually affects children younder that 10 years of age
  71. usually benign, slow-growing tumor that originates in the autonomic nervous system cells
  72. benign fibrous tumors of tissue surrounding the nerve sheath
  73. a type of tumor, benign or malignant, that is most commonly found in the inner ear
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Chapter 11 pathology
2013-12-15 17:38:20
IBS 102

chapter 11
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