322_spinal column

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Author:
itzlinds
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253204
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322_spinal column
Updated:
2013-12-17 15:13:39
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spinal column
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spinal column
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  1. During the majority of flexion of the torso to touch one's toes from standing, which muscle is working and how? 


    Abdominals - concentrically
    Erector spinae - concentrically
    Abdominals - eccentrically
    Erector spinae - eccentrically
    Erector spinae - eccentrically
  2. In which region of the spine is the least amount of rotation permitted? 


    Cervical
    Lumbar
    Thoracic
    Lumbar
  3. Which region of the spine is most mobile/free to move?



    Cervical
    Lumbar
    Thoracic
  4. What type of joint is the atlantoaxial joint (C1-C2)? 


    Condyloid
    Pivot
    Hinge
    Ball & socket
    Pivot
  5. Which of the following muscles will concentrically act to produce the trunk rotation to the left that is necessary for a right hand throw? 


    Right external oblique & right internal oblique
    Right external oblique & left internal oblique
    Left external oblique & right internal oblique
    Left external oblique & left internal oblique
    Right external oblique & left internal oblique
  6. Which muscle is working and how to control the neck rotation to the left when receiving a blow to the right side of the jaw in boxing? 


    Left sternocleidomastoid - eccentric
    Left sternocleidomastoid - concentric
    Right sternocleidomastoid - eccentric
    Right sternocleidomastoid - concentric
    Left sternocleidomastoid - eccentric
  7. The rectus abdominis, acting unilaterally, produces rotation of the spine.

    True
    False
    false
  8. Vertebra increase in size from the cervical region down to the lumbar region.

    True
    False
    true
  9. list the muscles that contribute to cervicle spine & atlanto-occipital joint....

    Flexion:
    • sternoclediomastoid
    • scalenes
    • prevertebral muscles
  10. list the 5 muscles that contribute to cervicle spine & atlanto-occipital joint....

    Extension:
    • splenius
    • erector spinae
    • semispinalis
    • deep posterior spinal muscles
    • suboccipitalis
  11. list the 5 muscles that contribute to cervicle spine & atlanto-occipital joint....

    lateral flexion:
    • splenius
    • erector spinae
    • semispinalis
    • scalenes
    • sternoclediomastoid
  12. list the 5 muscles that contribute to cervicle spine & atlanto-occipital joint....

    Right rotation:
    • left sternocleidomastoid
    • deep posterior spinal muscles
    • right splenius
    • erector spinae
    • suboccipitals
  13. list the muscles that contribute to thoracic & lumbar spine...

    Flexion:
    abdominals
  14. list the muscles that contribute to thoracic & lumbar spine...

    Extension:
    • erector spinae
    • semispinalis thracis
    • deep posterior spinal muscles
  15. list the 3 muscles that contribute to thoracic & lumbar spine...

    lateral flexion:
    • erector spinae
    • oblique abdominals
    • quadratus lumborum
  16. list the 5 muscles that contribute to thoracic & lumbar spine...

    Left rotation:
    • left internal oblique
    • left erector spinae
    • right external oblique
    • semispinalis thoracis
    • other deep posterior spinal muscles
  17. what is the fxn of the psoas:

    bilateral:
    unilateral:
    • bilatera: stabilize spine
    • unilatera: laterally flex lumbar spine
  18. what is the fxn of the quadratus lumborum:

    bilateral:
    unilateral:
    • bilateral: stabilize pelvis & lumbar spine
    • unilatera: laterally flex lumbar spine
  19. what is the fxn of the levator scapulae

    bilateral:
    unilateral:
    • bilateral: stabilize neck
    • unilateral: laterally flex neck
  20. what is the fxn of the sternoclediomastoid:

    bilateral:
    unilateral:
    • bilateral: flex neck and head
    • unilateral: laterally flex and rotate to the opposite side
  21. what are the fxns of the scalenus anterior, posterior, and medius:

    bilateral:
    unilateral:
    • bilateral: flex cervical spine
    • unilateral: laterally flex neck

    elevate upper ribs in force inspiration
  22. what is the trunk motion occuring during the "lifiting phase to raise upper and lower extremities" during an alternating prone extension (superman)

    what muscles are working:

    what is the muscle action:
    motion: extnension

    • muscles
    • erector spinae
    • splenius
    • quadratus lumborum

    muscle action: concentric
  23. what is the trunk motion occuring during the "lowering phase to relaxed position" during an alternating prone extension (supermans):

    what muscles are working:

    what is the muscle action:
    motion: flexion (return to neutral relaxed position)

    • muscles
    • (trunk and cervicle spine extensors)
    • erector spinae
    • splenius
    • quadratus lumborum

    action: eccentric
  24. what is the trunk motion occuring during the "arm pull/leg push" phase of a rowing exercise:

    what muscles are working:

    what is the muscle action:
    motion: extension

    • muscles
    • erector spinae

    action: concentric
  25. what is the trunk motion occuring during the "return phase to starting position" of a rowing exercise:

    what muscles are working:

    what is the muscle action:
    motion: flexion

    muscles: erector spinae

    action: eccentric
  26. list 2 ways to strengthen the sternoclediomastoid:

    list how to stretcth the sternoclediomastoid:
    • strengthen
    • applying a posteriorly directed force while using this muscle to pull the head forward into flexion
    • apply a rotatry force in the opposite direction while the sternoclediomastoid is contracting concentrically in the direction of the hand
  27. list how to strengthen the splenius muscles:

    list how to stretch the splenius:
    • strengthen
    • lace fingers with behind head with it in flexion and move the head into extension

    stretch:  max flexion of the head
  28. what are the fxn of the splenius:

    bilaterally:
    unilaterally:
    • bilaterally: extended head and neck
    • unilaterally: lateral flexion, rotation to same side
  29. list the motions that occur at the atlanto-occipital joint:
    • flexion and extension
    • slight lateral flexion
  30. list the motions that occur at the atlantoaxial joint:
    rotation
  31. list the cervical movements that occur at C3-C7:
    • flexion & extension
    • lateral flexion
    • rotation
  32. list the motions that occur at in the thoracic region:
    • moderate flexion: limited by ribs
    • limited extension: limited by spinus process
    • limited lateral flexion: limited by ribs
    • rotation: no limitations
  33. list the motions that occur in the lumbar region:
    • flexion and extension
    • lateral flexion
    • limited rotation
  34. list the muscles of the anterior cervical region:
    • prevertebral muscles (longus capitis & coli, rectus capitis anterior and lateralis)
    • hyoid muscles (suprahyoids & infrahyodis)
  35. list the muscles of the anterior thoracic region:
    • external and internal obliques
    • rectus abdominis
    • transverse abdominis
  36. what is the fxn of the prevertebral muscles:

    bilateral:
    unilateral:
    • bilateral: flex head and neck
    • unilateral: lateral flexion, and rotation to the opposite side
  37. what are the fxns of the hyoid muscles:
    • flex head and neck
    • assist with swallowing
  38. what are the fxns of the rectus abdominis:

    bilateral:
    unilateral:
    • bilaterla: flex throacic & lumbar spine
    • unilateral: lateral flexion of spine
  39. what are the fxns of the external obliques:

    bilateral:
    unilateral:
    • bilateral: flex thoracic
    • unilateral: lateral flexion, rotation to the opposite side
  40. what are the fxns of internal obliques:

    bilaterally:
    unilaterally:
    • bilaterally: flex thoracic & lumbar spine
    • unilaterally: lateral flexion & rotation to the same side
  41. what is the fxn of the transverse abdominis:
    stabilize trunk
  42. list the posterior muscles of the cervical region:
    • splenius capitis & cervicis
    • suboccipitals
  43. list the posterior muscles of the cervicle, throacic, and lumbar region:
    • erector spinae
    • deep posterior spinal muscles
    • semispinalis thoracis, cervicis, and capitis
  44. what are the fxns of the splenius capitis $ cervicis
    • bilateral: extend head and neck
    • unilateral: lateral flexion, rotation to the same side
  45. what are the fxns of the suboccipital group:

    bilaterally:
    unilaterally:
    • bilaterally: extend head
    • unilaterally: lateral flexion, rotation to the same side
  46. list the fxns of the erector spinae:

    bilaterally:
    unilaterally:
    • bilaterally: extend head and spine
    • unilaterally: rotation to same side
  47. list the fxns of the deep posterior spinal muscles:

    bilaterally:
    unilaterally:
    • bilaterally: extend spine
    • unilaterally: rotation to the opposite side, assist in lateral flexion
  48. what are the fxns of the semispinalis thoacis, cervicis, and capitis:

    bilaterally:
    unilaterally:
    • bilaterally: extend thoacic & cervical
    • unilaterally: lateral flexion & rotation to opposite side
  49. list the muscles on the lateral aspect of the cervical region:
    • scalenus anterior, posterior,  & medius
    • sternoclediomastoid
    • levator scapulae
  50. list the muscles of the lateral aspect of lumbar region:
    • quadratus lumobrum
    • psoas major
  51. list the fxns of the levator scapulae:

    bilaterally:
    unilaterally:
    • bilaterally: stabilize neck
    • unilaterally: laterally flex neck
  52. what are the 2 fxns of the spine:
    • stability: mechanism for maintaining upright posture
    • permits movement of the head, neck, and trunk
  53. list 3 features that the spine provides:
    • stability & mobility
    • support & protection
    • resistance & adapton
  54. list the structure of the spinal colume:

    how many vertebrea are in each region:
    list the curve of each region:
    • 7 cervical vertebrae: lordotic curve
    • 12 thoracic vertebrae: kyphotic curve
    • 5 lumbar vertebrae
    • sacrum
    • coccyx

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