World Civ Final

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World Civ Final
2013-12-15 13:42:07
World Civ Final

Study terms for my World Civ Final
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  1. From 264 BCE until 146 BCE the Roman Republic was involved in a series of three major conflicts-known as the Punic Wars--with which maritime power?
  2. After the death of Alexander the Great, his empire was divided amongst his top generals. The Greek culture exported to the conquered territories by Alexander's conquest developed from an insular Hellenic form into a cosmopolitan, sophisticated multi-ethnic, trans-national, regional culture known as?
  3. During the Roman Republic, circa 509-27 BCE, great landed estates were amassed by wealthy individuals and were often tended by slave labor. What were these pieces of property called?
  4. Roman households, and all members therein, were under the strict control (and ownership) of the father of the family or the __________.
  5. According to tradition, the city of rome was founded by twin brothers. What are the names of the brothers? _______ and _______ It is said that the twins were suckled by _______.
    Romulus and Remus, a she-wolf
  6. In the great tragedies of the high classical Greek literary canon, powerful and overly proud mortals are usually felled by the Gods for overstepping the bounds of man. What is the term used to describe this excessive and overweening pride?
  7. What was the name of the Hellenistic dynasty which ruled Egypt from c 305-30 BCE, culminating in the reign of the last pharaoh-Cleopatra VII?
  8. In Roman society several class distinctions formed. Aristocratic families and nobles were considered Patricians. What were the middle and lower members of the social stratum called?
  9. The discovery in the 18th century of the Roman resort town destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius on August 24, 79 CE, was an important force in stimulating scholarly and public interest in Classical antiquity.
  10. By the end of the Roman Republic, Roman society came to rely heavily on the use of slave labor. Once of the most famous slave uprisings occurred in 73 BCE, involving 70,000 slaves led by a gladiator named _______ ?
  11. What is the name of the famous Carthaginian general who crossed the Alps with an army of 30,000 to 40,000 men (and several elephants) beginning the Second Punic War (218-201 BCE)?
  12. Who was the military leader who defeated the combined forces of Cleopatra VII and Marc Anthony at the Battle of Actium in 31 BCE, becoming supreme leader of the Roman world accruing the titles Augustus and imperator?
    Julius Caesar
  13. During the reign of Augustus Caesar (31 BCE-14 CE) a standing army was maintained with 28 legions (about 150,000 men), and approximately 130,000 auxiliary forces. Who were the roughly 9,000 specially trained troops charged with the important task of guarding the emperor?
    Praetorian guard
  14. What is the name of the Hellenized Jewish follower of Jesus of Nazareth, who helped to turn Christianity from a small jewish sect into an international belief system available to all who believe?
    Paul of Tarsus
  15. Which Roman Emperor experienced a vision before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge in 312 CE exhorting him "In this sign you will conquer"?
    Constantine I
  16. Near the Arabian city of Mecca, c 610 CE, the Prophet Mohammad began receiving revelations from Allah. According to Islamic tradition, what being transmitted the message of God to Mohammad?
  17. What is the name of the Holy book of Islam, which was first amplified in an authoritative version c 651, containing the 114 auras (chapters) of revelations from God to The Prophet Mohammad?
  18. Mohammad, The Prophet of Islam, is considered by Muslims to be God (Allah). True or False?
  19. Concerned with the internecine conflict among early Christian communities of the Roman Empire, the Emperor Constantine I convened in 324-5 CE a council in the Anatolian city of Nicaea charged with the duty of resolving doctrinal disputes. The resulting document produced is the basis of all Christian belief. What is the name of this document?
    Nicene Creed
  20. Name the five "Pillars of Islam"
    • there is no God but God, and Mohammad is his prophet
    • pray five times a day
    • give alms to the poor
    • refrain from food and sex during the daylight hours of Ramadan
    • make a journey to Mecca once in your life, if possible
  21. What is the name of the vast Islamic caliphate with its capital at Baghdad (c.750-1258 CE) that became renowned as a cultural center of learning, art, and science?
  22. What is the Arabic word, which approximately means "an inner struggle," or is sometimes in modern parlance used to mean "holy war"?
  23. Islam is characterized by several prominent denominational differences. Name the two most salient divisions in the Muslim umma (unified community of believers).
    • Sunni
    • Shi'ite
  24. What were the unique characteristics of the eastern roman or byzantine empire?
    • retention of roman bureaucratic, legal, and administrative procedures
    • hellenistic culture and learning
    • christian identity
  25. What was the legacy of the byzantine civilization
    • halt the advance of Islam into Eastern Europe
    • evangelization of the Slavs
    • retention and transmission of the learning of antiquity to the Islamic and Western worlds
  26. Who makes christianity the main religion?
    Theodosius I
  27. What was the equivalent to the coliseum?
  28. Which emperor liked Theodora and changed the law so he could be with her?
    Justinian I
  29. Who was the person who was an actress, then became a prostitute in Alexandria, and then returned back home to become Empress?
  30. What was the event where the people of Rome started rioting in the Hippodrome and then took the riot outside into the city where they destroyed important buildings only to be stopped by Justinian's army which returns peace and rebuilding the city begins.
    the Nika Rebellion
  31. What christian church, built after the Nika Rebellion, became an engineering marvel and makes Justinian I be remembered for it?
    Hagia Sophia
  32. What was the new and improved legal system that was written in Latin?
    Justinian Code
  33. What were the black spots that appeared on your lymph nodes as a result of the black plague called?
  34. Community of believers
  35. What were the eggshell paintings that were beloved and prayed to that were later banned by an emperor for an unknown reason?
  36. What is the name of a person who criticizes or opposes beliefs and practices that are widely accepted?
  37. What is the name of the Napalm-like liquid used in battle by the Byzantine Greeks?
    Greek Fire
  38. Who was the person named emperor by the Pope but had no real power because Irene was the current emperor?
  39. What was the name of the barbarian like people who were from the northeast that were taken to Hagia Sophia where they were amazed and converted to Christianity?
  40. What was the name of the two monks that traveled to the origin of the Rus to convert the bible to their native language?
    Cyril and Methodius
  41. What is the language of the Old Church Slavic and parts of Russian?
  42. What was the event where Christians broke into two parts were Eastern Orthodox was in the east and Catholicism in the west?
  43. What was the name of the farmers who were protected by their landlords?
    Feudal Serfs
  44. What was the name of the people who migrated west and settled in Hungry?
  45. What was the name of the Turkish dynasty ruling in central and western Asia?
  46. Who is the author of the book Alexiad?
    Anna Komnene
  47. What means taking of land?
  48. What is the name of the eastern body of water that lies between two islands in southern China?
    Straight of Malacca
  49. What was the name of the period where women in Japan modified Chinese characters to create a written language in Japan?
    Heian Period
  50. Who writes "Tales of Genji"?
    Lady Muraski
  51. What was the name of the people united by Genghis Khan who were expert horsemen that took areas like Persia, China, and India?
  52. What was the name of the battle between the Ottoman Turks and the Romans that officially ended the Roman Empire?
    Battle of Menzikurt
  53. Who was the leader of the Ottoman Turks that fought in the battle of manzikurt and gave the Romans a chance to flee which they declined and then were surrounded and defeated?
    Mehmet II
  54. What is the date that the Ottoman Turks breached the walls of the Roman Empire and attacked the city officially ending the Roman Empire?
    May 29, 1453