Psych: Chapter 6 Learning

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LaurenCamp29
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253318
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Psych: Chapter 6 Learning
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2013-12-15 16:36:58
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  1. A bodily function (such as blood pressure or heart rate) is recorded and the info is fed back to an organism to increase voluntary control over that bodily function
    Biofeedback
  2. Unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) that occurs without previous conditioning
    Unconditioned Response (UCR)
  3. Conditioned responses shift (or drift) back toward innate response patterns
    Instinctive Drift
  4. Reinforcement occurs after a predetermined time has elapsed; the interval (time) is fixed
    Fixed Interval Schedule (FI)
  5. Reinforcement occurs unpredictably; the ratio (number or amount) varies
    Variable Ratio Schedule (VR)
  6. Using a naturally occurring high-frequency response to reinforce and increase low-frequency responses
    Premack Principles
  7. Weakens a response and makes and it less likely to recur
    Punishment
  8. A mental image of a three-dimensional space that an organism has navigated
    Cognitive Map
  9. Reinforcement delivered for successive approximations of the desired response
    Shaping
  10. Sudden understanding of a problem that implies the solution
    Insight
  11. Gradual weakening or suppression of a previously conditioned response (CR)
    Extinction
  12. Strengthens a response and makes it more likely to recur
    Reinforcement
  13. Thorndike’s rule that the probability of an action being repeated is strengthened when it is followed by a pleasant or satisfying consequence
    Law of Effect
  14. Previously neutral stimulus that, through repeated pairings with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), now causes a conditioned response (CR)
    Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
  15. Taking away (or removing) a stimulus, which strengthens a response and makes it more likely to recur
    Negative Reinforcement
  16. A cue that signals when a specific response will lead to the expected reinforcement
    Discriminative Stimulus
  17. A relatively permanent change in behavior or mental processes resulting from practice or experience
    Learning
  18. A stimulus that, before conditioning, does not naturally bring about the response of interest
    Neutral Stimulus
  19. Reinforcement occurs after a predetermined set of responses; the ratio (number or amount) is fixed
    Fixed Ratio Schedule (FR)
  20. Learned response to stimuli that are like the original conditioned stimulus
    Stimulus Generalization
  21. Learned response to a specific stimulus but not to other, similar stimuli
    Stimulus Discrimination
  22. Learning that occurs without an obvious reward and remains hidden until there is some incentive to demonstrate it
    Latent (hidden) learning
  23. Reappearance of a previously extinguished conditioned response (CR)
    Spontaneous Recovery
  24. Learned reaction to a conditioned stimulus (CS) that occurs because of previous repeated pairings with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
    Conditioned Response (CR)
  25. Taking away (or removing) a stimulus that weakens a response and makes it less likely to recur
    Negative Punishment
  26. The process of learning associations between environmental stimuli and behavioral responses
    Conditioning
  27. In classical conditioning, individuals learn what kind of responses to stimuli through repeated pairings?
    Involuntary Responses
  28. Learning based on consequences
    Operant Conditioning
  29. Strengthens a responses and makes it more likely to recur
    Reinforcement
  30. Weakens a response and makes it less likely to recur
    Punishment
  31. A response that will be learned more rapidly
    Continuously Reinforced Response
  32. A response that will more resistant to extinction
    Partially Reinforced Response
  33. Innate readiness to form associations between certain stimuli and responses
    Biological Preparedness
  34. Focuses on thinking and social learning processes
    Cognitive-Social Theory
  35. Something added that causes a decrease in response
    Positive Punishment
  36. Involuntary response to a stimulus
    Classical Conditioning

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