he hate aristotle/if you read aristotle, then you were atheist
"NO LAWAS OF NATURE"
he said its all caused the will of god
muslims belive what he say and burne aristotle and other greeks writing
he tells people that there is no laws of nature.
KING CLOVIS, he worship German Gods
he was the king of france
he becomes catholic, during a battle he says that if gob is real, then help him win a battle, which he wins
he takes 3000 soldiers into the RHEiMS CATHEDRAL, and baptise them.
He founs the MEROVIGIAN DYNASTY
whe he died the land he own got divided into 3 qutrs, one for each of his sons
the land keep dividing after ever son and so on.
son of pepin the short
4 wifes, 5 comcubines, 20 kids
he conquered Switzerland, spain, Belgium, holand.
he wanted to make the germans catholic, so he enters Germany (SAXONS) 19 times, he burns the crops and after the last time, the saxons conver to catholics.
On Christmas he goes to the churc, the pope was waithing form him, he puts a crown on his head, and the pope tells hima that he is the EMPERROR OF THE ROMANS.
**middle ages ended in the christmas day**
pope that faught kings.
he told king Henry to stop doing LAY INVESTITURE
the king deposed hims as pope, and then He deposed and EXCOMMUNICATED (go to hell) king Henry
He makes king Henry wait for him in the snow/ 3 days
He forgives king Henry and tell him to stop with the Lay Ivestiture
German king. he was Athiest.
he build Toll Roads.
The MINT COINS (make coins)
he conquer Italy
he starts to do Lay Investiture again
*he sends threats & nasty letters to the pope.
Waldo - Peter Walo
From France, Lyon
considered a Heretic
he was reading the bible and discoer that jesus was poor, so he decides to live in APOSTOLIC POVERTY.
he goes from place to place preaching
WALDENSIANS were his followers
They EXCOMMUNICATE him, because preaching was their job
Waldo is mad, and calls the church a house of liesHe and his follorwers hide in the ALPS, they still there.
1. He translated the old testament to french
2. against death penalty
3 against Sinear oaths
CATHARY (Bringers of light )
appear in south France, TOOLOUSE
he believed in Dualism
they dont eath animals, no product of animals, and no sexual relationships./ ONLY A FEW FOLLOW THESE RULES> PERFECTI follow these rules.
they believe in bad and good God. Lucifer, was bad for creating the physical world, and he traps the angels soul in humans.
the God good is JEHOVAH, he creates the spirtual World and he send Jesus Christ. he came and free the soul of the Angels
they believe Jesus didnt have a body he had a PHANTOM
they didnt hide their opinion, and they committed suicide to leave this world
Francis of Assis
born in Italy, in Assis
son of a wealthy guy, not religious.
he was walking by a destroy church, and hear a voice that said "repair my home". He then became very religious. cause MATTHEW 19:21his dad told him, he wasn't his song.but he said, his father was in the heaven
his followers were the FRANCISCANS, they lived in poor conditions/they were nice to lepers
he wanted the approval of the pope, so they could become monks.
the become FRANCISCAN MONKS/ they spread all over Europe
before hr dies, he gets STIGMATA (same wonds as jesus)
becomes SAINT FRANCIS
the pope send a legate to talk to them, and they killed the LEGATE
the pope basically declares war on them.
they had a army of knights,they knew how to fight, and they had a lot of castles
they faught many beatles against the church
the catharies that were caught, were ask to convert or to die, many convert to catholic/ PERFECTI were burned
takes 25 yrs before the church destroy them
the church was afraid or new Herasy would appear, so they create inwuisition
a traveling court, of Dominica MOnks that went city from city looking for Heretics
if you were accused, they called you to talk to them/ you didnt get a lawer
if you were catholic, then you would stick to your anser"no" even trough the TORTURE. if you confess, they forgive you but they put you in public humiliation
if you got acused a 2nd time, it was automatic death, burned and torture
GERBERT OF AURILLAC
he was born in France and moved to spain
he learned THE QUADRIVIUM: geometry/astronomy/Arithmetic/music
he discover in spain the ABACUS & ARABIC NUMBERS
he stays 3 years in spain, moves back to france to teach all these to the peope
teacher @ a cathedral school
he teaches the students everything he learned
other teachers start to tech the same as him too. He become a pope/ POPE SILVESTER II
born in italy
he was a quiet man
became a DOMINICAN MONK
he loves ARISTOTLE WRITINGS
we wrote a book that brought reason to the catholic religion "SUMMA THE OLOOKA" 24 levels
according to him. God has 3 characteristics: GOD IS ALL GOOD, GOD IS ALL POWERFUL, GOD IS ALL KNOWING
he PROOFS the existing of God (5 PROOFS)
1 FIRST CAUSE, GOD GOT EVERYTHING STARTED
he became an OFFICIAL THINKER, and became SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS
first modern scientist
professor @ EXFORD OR PHYSIC
he was a FRANCISCAN MONK
he invented the SCIENTICS METHODS
1 MAKE OBSERVATION, AS YOU COLLECT DATA
2MAKE A HYPOTHESIS
3TEST YOU HYPOTHESIS
BATTLE OF MANZIKERT
Byz. empire against Turks
the BYZ. walks into the valley, the Turks are at the top of the hills, so they fire arrows and pool boulders
the BYZ. gets destroy 8,000 killed
the king of BYZ gets caught and convert into a slave/ the turks wanted money so they could give it back
After the Turks won these battle, there wasnt anyone else that could beat the turks, or stop them from moving east.
They stayed 100 miles from constantinople
he conqueres half of south east europe. the people that got cought along the way became slaves.
he is muslam
The christians organize an army to fight him back/ their king was LAZAR OF SERVIS
in the BATTLE OF KOSSONE, murad shows op for the battle.
the christians were winning, but a christian general (VUK BRANKOUTCH)worked for MURAD and he made his 12k men run away form the battle
so he won the battle.
they land he conquer, he would choose people from there and made them SLAVE SOLDIERS and convert them to muslim
he does Child tax, to get mose slave soldiers.
SULTAN MURAD would get the people from the land conquer for his arm
that wasnt working, si create a CHILD TAX
they sent collector to towns, they would choose the talles and healthies kids, and send them to the army, from 10-20 yrs 8.000 per year, for 400 years
parent would hurt or became muslim so they wouldnt take their child
first persons to eat turkey and tomatoes
showed up in the valley of mexico
they build the capital city (TENOCHITIZCAN) D.F
they created alliance, TRIPLE ALLIANCES
they begin to conquer the whole of what is now mexico. they conquered cause they wanted people for sacrificies
they did Human sacrifices/ so the sun shined, and the god earth would help their crops
they eat the bodies of the sacrifiece
they bould a new temple(doble temple)they had a 4 day ceremoney of sacrifices. 80k people die in the 4 days
pyramid, Altars, priest, rock knife, beating heart, threw body
they build road 13.000 miles
they conquer ECUADOR AND BOLIVIA
they 1st harvest potato, used cocaine, eat peanuts and hot peppers
they huge quantity of gold and silver
they did voluntary sacrifice/ 4 times a year sacrifice pretty kids
emperor was the most powerful man
NO PRIVATE PROPERTY
people were spy/ looking for rebellion
italians sealed to the black sea to sell
they got sick and came back home. the bacteria spread all over really fast
massive pits for the bodies
animals came and pulled the bodies out
35 death rate in europe
went away and came back 5 tiems, less people die cause IMMUNITY
from the fleas that transfer to people from rats/ they bite you high fever, began to bleed from your nose
they got purple patches in the skin.
gigantic boils( arm pits, private parts)
if you could explote the boil and the liquid out, you could survive
the AIR BORNE (caughfing, sneasing)
spead in the air
you will die in 12 hrs frm getting sick
99.9 death rate
he was a pries 2 oxford universit
he thought that #1 authority was good. Church taught it was the pope
he translated the BIBLE TO ENGLISH
he didnt believe in TRANSUBSTANTIATION, he taught it was just simbolic
he was able to teach due to his connections, but he got fired later
he said the POPE IS ANTICHRIST
he die in beth and not executed
influenced by JOHN
liven in CZECH REPUBLIC
proffesor and priest @ university of praque
he fall in love with JOHN writings
the did belive in TRANSUBSANTIATION
he was concerned of INDULGENCES
the pope EXCOMMUNICATED HIM because he critic that he sold indulgences to pay for the war against naples
his followers were hussties/ they proteste with signs against indulengences./they get arreste and 3 got BEHECIDED
he hide, the church tell him to come to the COUNCIL OF CONSTAIVCE
they give him a SAFE CONDUCT
gets arrested and send to DUNGEON
the church wants him to conver, but he doesnt
he get burned "oh jesus have mercy of my soul"
the hussites still there
sold by the church to get more money
sultan of turke
decided to destroy constantinople
collects a arm of 110 k men and canon balls of 600lbs
he is muslim
they attacked, took a rest, and attack again
they enter the city, and destoy everything/ took people as slaves
walk into the HAGIA SOPHIA and gives the order to destroy the corees