Histrory 101A

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Histrory 101A
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  1. Justinian
    • *ruled the east roman empire
    • *He had a wife and was in love with her THEODORA, after she dies he didnt had anyone else.
    • *Created a new legal code. IURIS CURPUS CIVILS(body of civilization).
    • it was 500 pgs.
    • Based on Reasonable and equantity
    • *He created the HAGIA & SOPHIA (holy wisdom) cathedral.
    • inside there was a gold dome, 100ft from the floor. 
    • had mosaics of gold, silver & iron
    • he tries to reconquer all the west of the roman empire, but he coulndt.
  2. MOHAMMED
    • THE PERFECT Man
    • He was from the QURAYSH CLAN 
    • He became Orphan very young
    • he was ILLITERATE(didnt knew how to read or write)
    • he was a camel driver
    • The TRUST wORTHY ONE
    • he had a wife,6 daugthers
    • at 40 he becomes to question himslef/ he goes to a cave/
    • where ANGEL GABRIEL APPEARS TO MUHAMMED/ is send by ALLAH/ "RECITE THE NAME OF YOUR LORD"/
    • he wrote the QUARAN
    • his followers were persecutid by MELLA people
    • He moves to medina ( THE HITTAH)(when muslim calander starts)
    • HE also writed the HADITH (the sayings of muhammed"the perfect man")
  3. IBAN SINA (MEDICINE)
    • First person to do AUTOPSIES
    • He wrote a medical encyclopedia (THE CANON)
    • 99 volumes
  4. RAZI
    • He invented, the MEDICAL stiches, made of animal GUTS 
    • he was the only one to diffence between two sickness. -the Measles -small pox
  5. SHARIA
    • WHATEVER THAT LEADS TO SINS, IS ALSO SINFUL.
    • mislims believed that the bible was corrupt and the QUara is the only right bible.
  6. HARUN AL-RASHID

    CALIPH
    • He lived in a palace with 1000 rooms/ furniture with gold and silver/ 1000  concubines
    • he wrote the ARABIAN NIGHTS:
    •   *Aladin/Genie/ 3 wishes/alibaba & 40 thiefs/ flying carpet
  7. AL-GHAZALI

    PHILOSOPHER
    • he wrote THE INCOHERENCE OF THE PHILOSOPHERS
    • he hate aristotle/if you read aristotle, then you were atheist 
    • "NO LAWAS OF NATURE" he said its all caused the will of god 
    • muslims belive what he say and burne aristotle and other greeks writing
    • he tells people that there is no laws of nature.
  8. Clovis
    • KING CLOVIS, he worship German Gods
    • he was the king of france
    • he becomes catholic, during a battle he says that if gob is real, then help him win a battle, which he wins
    • he takes 3000 soldiers into the RHEiMS CATHEDRAL, and baptise them.
    •  He founs the MEROVIGIAN DYNASTY
    •  whe he died the land he own got divided into 3 qutrs, one for each of his sons
    • the land keep dividing after ever son and so on.
  9. Charlamagne
    • son of pepin the short
    • 4 wifes, 5 comcubines, 20 kids
    • he conquered Switzerland, spain, Belgium, holand.
    • he wanted to make the germans catholic, so he enters Germany (SAXONS) 19 times, he burns the crops and after the last time, the saxons conver to catholics. 
    • On Christmas he goes to the churc, the pope was waithing form him, he puts a crown on his head, and the pope tells hima that he is the EMPERROR OF THE ROMANS.
    • **middle ages ended in the christmas day**
  10. Gregory VII
    • pope that faught kings.
    • he told king Henry to stop doing LAY INVESTITURE
    • the king deposed hims as pope, and then He deposed and EXCOMMUNICATED (go to hell) king Henry
    • He makes king Henry wait for him in the snow/ 3 days
    • He forgives king Henry and tell him to stop with the Lay Ivestiture
  11. Frederick Barbosa
    • German king. he was Athiest.
    • he build Toll Roads. 
    • The MINT COINS (make coins)
    • he conquer Italy 
    • he starts to do Lay Investiture again
    •  *he sends threats & nasty letters to the pope.
  12. Waldo - Peter Walo
    • From France, Lyon 
    • considered a Heretic
    • he was reading the bible and discoer that jesus was poor, so he decides to live in APOSTOLIC POVERTY. 
    • he goes from place to place preaching
    • WALDENSIANS were his followers
    • They EXCOMMUNICATE him, because preaching was their job
    • Waldo is mad, and calls the church a house of lies
    • He and his follorwers hide in the ALPS, they still there.
    • 1. He translated the old testament to french
    • 2. against death penalty
    • 3 against Sinear oaths
  13. CATHARY  (Bringers of light )
    • appear in south France, TOOLOUSE
    • he believed in Dualism
    • Heretics 
    • they dont eath animals, no product of animals, and no sexual relationships./ ONLY A FEW FOLLOW THESE RULES> PERFECTI follow these rules. 
    • they believe in bad and good God. Lucifer, was bad for creating the physical world, and he traps the angels soul in humans.
    • the God good is JEHOVAH, he creates the spirtual World  and he send Jesus Christ. he came and free the soul of the Angels
    •  they believe Jesus didnt have a body  he had a PHANTOM 
    • they didnt hide their opinion, and they committed suicide to leave this world
  14. Francis of Assis
    • born in Italy, in Assis
    • son of a wealthy guy, not religious.
    • he was walking by a destroy church, and hear a voice that said "repair my home". He then became very religious. cause MATTHEW 19:21
    • his dad told him, he wasn't his song.but he said, his father was in the heaven 
    • his followers were the FRANCISCANS, they lived in poor conditions/they were nice to lepers
    • he wanted the approval of the pope, so they could become monks. 
    • the become FRANCISCAN MONKS/ they spread all over Europe
    • before hr dies, he gets STIGMATA (same wonds as jesus)
    • becomes SAINT FRANCIS 
  15. CATHARY 2..
    • the pope send a legate to talk to them, and they killed the LEGATE 
    • the pope basically declares war on them.
    • they had a army of knights,they knew how to fight, and they had a lot of castles 
    • they faught many beatles against the church
    • the catharies that were caught, were ask to convert or to die, many convert to catholic/ PERFECTI were burned 
    • takes 25 yrs before the church destroy them
  16. Inquisition
    • the church was afraid or new Herasy would appear, so they create inwuisition
    • a traveling court, of Dominica MOnks that went city from city looking for Heretics
    • if you were accused, they called you to talk to them/ you didnt get a lawer
    • if you were catholic, then you would stick to your anser"no" even trough the TORTURE. if you confess, they forgive you but they put you in public humiliation
    • if you got acused a 2nd time, it was automatic death, burned and torture
  17. GERBERT OF AURILLAC
    • he was born in France and moved to spain
    • he learned THE QUADRIVIUM: geometry/astronomy/Arithmetic/music
    • he discover in spain the ABACUS & ARABIC NUMBERS
    • he stays 3 years in spain, moves back to france to teach all these to the peope
    • teacher @ a cathedral school 
    • he teaches the students everything he learned 
    • other teachers start to tech the same as him too. He become a pope/ POPE SILVESTER II
  18. THOMAS AQUINAS
    • born in italy 
    • he was a quiet man
    • became a DOMINICAN MONK 
    • he loves ARISTOTLE WRITINGS
    • we wrote a book that brought reason to the catholic religion "SUMMA THE OLOOKA" 24 levels 
    • according to him. God has 3 characteristics: GOD IS ALL GOOD, GOD IS ALL POWERFUL, GOD IS ALL KNOWING 
    • he PROOFS the existing of God (5 PROOFS)
    • 1 FIRST CAUSE, GOD GOT EVERYTHING STARTED 
    • he became an OFFICIAL THINKER, and became SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS
  19. ROBERT GROSSETESTE
    • first modern scientist
    • professor @ EXFORD OR PHYSIC
    • he was a FRANCISCAN MONK 
    • he invented the SCIENTICS METHODS 
    • 1 MAKE OBSERVATION, AS YOU COLLECT DATA
    • 2MAKE A HYPOTHESIS 
    • 3TEST YOU HYPOTHESIS
  20. BATTLE OF MANZIKERT
    • Byz. empire against Turks
    • the BYZ. walks into the valley, the Turks are at the top of the hills, so they fire arrows and pool boulders
    •  the BYZ. gets destroy 8,000 killed
    • the king of BYZ gets caught and convert into a slave/ the turks wanted money so they could give it back
    • After the Turks won these battle, there wasnt anyone else that could beat the turks, or stop them from moving east. 
    • They stayed 100 miles from constantinople
  21. MURAD I
    • he conqueres half of south east europe. the people that got cought along the way became slaves. 
    • he is muslam
    • The christians organize an army to fight him back/ their king was LAZAR OF SERVIS
    •  in the BATTLE OF KOSSONE, murad shows op for the battle. 
    • the christians were winning, but a christian general (VUK BRANKOUTCH)worked for MURAD and he made his 12k men run away form the battle
    •  so he won the battle. 
    • they land he conquer, he would choose people from there and made them SLAVE SOLDIERS and convert them to muslim
    • he does Child tax, to get mose slave soldiers.
  22. JANISSARIES
    • SLAVE SOLDIERS
    • SULTAN MURAD would get the people from the land conquer for his arm 
    • that wasnt working, si create a CHILD TAX
    • they sent collector to towns, they would choose the talles and healthies kids, and send them to the army, from 10-20 yrs 8.000  per year, for 400 years 
    • parent would hurt or became muslim so they wouldnt take their child
  23. AzTECS
    • first persons to eat turkey and tomatoes 
    • showed up in the valley of mexico
    • they build the capital city (TENOCHITIZCAN) D.F 
    • they created alliance, TRIPLE ALLIANCES 
    • they begin to conquer the whole of what is now mexico. they conquered cause they wanted people for sacrificies
    • they did Human sacrifices/ so the sun shined, and the god earth would help their crops
    • they eat the bodies of the sacrifiece 
    • they bould a new temple(doble temple)they had a 4 day ceremoney of sacrifices. 80k people die in the 4 days
    • pyramid, Altars, priest, rock knife, beating heart, threw body
  24. Incas
    • Peru, CIZCO
    • they build road 13.000 miles
    • they conquer ECUADOR AND BOLIVIA
    • they 1st harvest potato, used cocaine, eat peanuts and hot peppers
    • they huge quantity of gold and silver 
    • they did voluntary sacrifice/ 4 times a year sacrifice pretty kids 
    • emperor was the most powerful man
    • NO PRIVATE PROPERTY 
    • people were spy/ looking for rebellion
  25. BLACK DEATH
    • italians sealed to the black sea to sell
    • they got sick and came back home. the bacteria spread all over really fast
    • massive pits for the bodies
    • animals came and pulled the bodies out
    • 35 death rate in europe 
    • went away and came back 5 tiems, less people die cause IMMUNITY
  26. BUBOMMIC PLAGIE:
    • from the fleas that transfer to people from rats/ they bite you high fever, began to bleed from your nose 
    • they got purple patches in the skin.
    • gigantic boils( arm pits, private parts)
    • if you could explote the boil and the liquid out, you could survive
  27. DNGUMANIC PLAGUE
    • the AIR BORNE (caughfing, sneasing)
    • spead in the air
    • you will die in 12 hrs frm getting sick
    • 99.9 death rate
  28. John WYCLIFFE
    • he was a pries 2 oxford universit 
    • he thought that #1 authority was good. Church taught it was the pope 
    • he translated the BIBLE TO ENGLISH
    • he didnt believe in TRANSUBSTANTIATION, he taught it was just simbolic 
    • he was able to teach due to his connections, but he got fired later
    •  he said the POPE IS ANTICHRIST 
    • he die in beth and not executed
    •  conside heretic
  29. JAn HUS
    • influenced by JOHN 
    • liven in CZECH REPUBLIC 
    •  proffesor and priest @ university of praque 
    • he fall in love with JOHN writings
    • the did belive in TRANSUBSANTIATION 
    • he was concerned of INDULGENCES
    • the pope EXCOMMUNICATED HIM because he critic that he sold indulgences to pay for the war against naples 
    • his followers were hussties/ they proteste with signs against indulengences./they get arreste and 3 got BEHECIDED 
    • he hide, the church tell him to come to the COUNCIL OF CONSTAIVCE
    • they give him a SAFE CONDUCT
    • gets arrested and send to DUNGEON 
    • the church wants him to conver, but he doesnt 
    • he get burned "oh jesus have mercy of my soul" 
    • the hussites still there
  30. INDULGENCES
    sold by the church to get more money
  31. MEHMET II
    • sultan of turke
    • decided to destroy constantinople
    • collects a arm of 110 k men and canon balls of 600lbs 
    • he is muslim 
    • they attacked, took a rest, and attack again
    • they enter the city, and destoy everything/ took people as slaves
    • walk into the HAGIA SOPHIA and gives the order to destroy the corees
    • makes the Cathedral a MOSQUE
    • a muslim place of worship 
    • THE END OF THE LAST ROMAN CITY

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