Left Bank AOCs

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Left Bank AOCs
2013-12-15 18:38:57
FWS Bordeaux

FWS Master Level
Show Answers:

  1. Describe the soils of the Medoc
    Gravel atop limestone; in Margaux, the subsoil is marl
  2. Describe the Medoc region
    • 48 miles long (from Pointe de Grave to Blanquefort Jalle)
    • This includes the Bas-Medoc and the Haut-Medoc
  3. Describe the Medoc AOC (aka Bas-Medoc)
    • vineyards since mid-1800s
    • Gunz and Pyrenean gravel atop clay-limestone
    • Mostly Merlot
    • About 660 producers
    • 11-13% alcohol
    • 50-66 hl/ha
    • 5K-10K vines/ha
  4. Describe the Haut-Medoc AOC
    • 36 miles long
    • vineyards since 1700s
    • Gunz gravel atop clay, limestone, sand, iron pan
    • 10-12.5% alcohol
    • 48-66 hl/ha
    • 6.5K-10K vines/ha
  5. What is iron pan soil?
    A hard layer that prevents root penetration
  6. How many classified growths are within the Haut-Medoc AOC?
    • 5
    • 3rd Growth: La Lagune Ludon
    • 4th Growth: La Tour-Carnet Saint-Laurent
    • 5th Growth: Belgrave Saint-Laurent, de Camensac Saint-Laurent, Cantemerle Macau
  7. What does jalles mean?
    Small stream
  8. Are all Medoc AOCs for red wine only?
  9. How are whit and rose wines from the Medoc labeled?
    • Regional Bordeaux AOCs
    • Vin de Pays de l'Atlantique
  10. Does the Medoc AOC include the Haut-Medoc AOC?
    • No
    • It only includes the Bas-Medoc
  11. What is the main grape grown in the Medoc AOC
    Merlot (CS struggles to ripen)
  12. Was was Saint-Estephe known as until the 1700s?
    Saint-Estephe-de-Calon ("calon" is Gaulish for "wood")
  13. Name the 2 channels that drain the marshes in Saint-Estephe
    • Saint-Vincent channel drains the Lafite marshes
    • Mappon channel drains the Vertheuil marshes
  14. Describe the soil of Saint-Estephe
    • gravel atop marl/limestone; iron pan is deep
    • higher percent of clay so drainage is slow
  15. Describe the soil of Pauillac
    • gravel atop marl/limestone; iron pan is deep
    • Most owned by 17 classified growths
    • Separated from Saint-Estephe by the marshland around the Jalle de Breuil
  16. Describe the soil of Saint-Julien
    • gravel atop clay, marl, iron-pan
    • Well-drained
    • Separated from Pauillac by the Ruisseau de Julliac stream
  17. Describe the soil of Listrac-Medoc
    • Only 3 gravel mounds
    • Listrac: clay, gravel
    • Fontreaud: clay, sand, gravel
    • Fourcas: sand, gravel
    • East of gravel mounds is clay-limestone or clay-marl
    • West of gravel mounds is small gravel and sand
  18. Describe the soil of Moulis-en-Medoc
    • S/W: sand, gravel, clay-marl, clay-gravel atop clay, marl, iron-pan
    • Center/NE: clay-limestone, clay-gravel atop gravel, marl, limestone
  19. Describe the soil of Margaux
    • thinnest layer of Gunz gravel in the Medoc (produces thin wines in rainy years) atop limestone or clay-marl
    • Excellent drainage
    • Air movement due to breezes off Gironde
  20. What is the size of each Medoc commune AOC?
    • Saint-Estephe: 1300 ha (view of Gironde)
    • Pauillac: 1200 ha
    • Saint-Julien: 925 ha
    • Listrac-Medoc ("fringe"): 670 ha
    • Moulis-en-Medoc ("mill"): 600 ha
    • Margaux: 1400 ha
  21. What is the size of each Graves AOC?
    • Graves: 5400 ha (including palus which are Bordeaux AOC)
    • Sauternes: 2385 ha (2/3 semillon, 1/3 sauvignon blanc)
    • Barsac: 620 ha
    • Cerons: 1000 ha (445 ha red, 555 ha white but only 100 ha designated for Cerons AOC)
  22. Describe the wines of Saint-Estephe
    • Young: hard, tannic, unapproachable
    • Mature: rich texture and heady note of spice
  23. Describe the wines of Pauillac
    • consistent, power and finesse
    • Firmly structured that age well
  24. Describe the wines of Saint-Julien
    • Most underrated commune
    • Most "new world" style (supple and satin tannin)
    • Chocolate covered cherry
  25. Describe the wines of Listrac-Medoc
    • Dissimilar because of diversity of soil types
    • Rustic and chewy tannins
  26. Describe the wines of Moulis-en-Medoc
    • Dense tannin that takes 10 years to soften
    • Dumb in their youth
  27. Describe the wines of Margaux
    Most feminine, delicate, perfumed of all Medoc AOCs
  28. Name 4 things that Margaux refers to
    • AOC
    • a commune
    • a town
    • 1st growth within AOC Margot Hemingway changed her name to Margaux after tasting)
  29. Name 2 earlier names of Saint-Julien
    • Saint-Julien-de-Reignac (early 1900s)
    • Saint-Julien-Beychevelle
  30. What was the first commune of the Gironde to submit its wines for tasting panel approval?
    Saint-Julien (1973)
  31. Where is the highest elevation in the Medoc?
    Listrac-Medoc (limestone plateau in the west)
  32. Who was known as the "Prince of Vines"?
    • The Marquis de Segur
    • Owned Latour, Lafite, Mouton, and Calon-Segur(Saint-Estephe 3rd growth)
  33. Name the first area in the Gironde planted to the vine
  34. What ancient city became the port city of Bordeaux?
    Burdigala (Roman times)
  35. Describe the Graves region
    36 miles long, 9-12 miles wide
  36. Why is Graves wine good, even in rainy years?
    Drainage is so good
  37. Describe the soil of Graves
    • Gravel, deepest in the north near Bordeaux
    • Soils change in Cerons to gravel with clay, marl, limestone, sand
  38. Describe the wines of Graves
    • 75% red, 25% white
    • Whites aged in oak
    • Reds cellar-worthy
  39. Name the Graves AOCs
    • Graves Superieur: w
    • Graves: r, w
    • Pessac-Leognan: r, w
  40. Name the sweetness levels of Graves white wine
    • Dry: < 4 g/l (<0.4% RS)
    • Moelleux: 4-45 g/l (0.4-4.5% RS)
    • Liquoreux: > 45 g/l (4.5% RS)
  41. Do Sauternes, Barsac, and Cerons AOCs lie within Graves?
  42. Describe the soil of Sauternes, Barsac, and Cerons
    • Sand, gravel, clay, marl, limestone atop limestone, gravel, clay, iron pan
    • Best terroir is gravel atop clay
  43. Describe the Barsac region
    • Confluence of Ciron and Garonne
    • N: hills
    • S: low flat plateau (Haut-Barsac)
    • vineyards bordered by low stone walls
    • clay-limestone atop red Mindelian sand atop starfish limestone
  44. Describe the Cerons region
    • Similar to Barsac... hills and low flat plateau (Haut-Cerons)
    • Cerons has more gravel so more red wine
  45. What are carrassons?
    • Stakes within vineyards
    • Made from Acacia forests to the west
  46. Name the 5 communes permitted to use the Sauternes AOC
    • Sauternes
    • Barsac
    • Fargues
    • Bommes
    • Preignac
  47. If a dry wine (r or w) is made in Sauternes or Barsac what is it labeled?
    Bordeaux or Bordeaux Superieur
  48. If a dry or semi-sweet white is made in Cerons what is it labeled?
    • Dry: Graves or Bordeaux AOCs
    • Moelleux: Graves Superieur