A&P II Final Exam review

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A&P II Final Exam review
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2013-12-15 20:18:13
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A&P final
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  1. Most hormones are by:

    negative or positive feedback?
    Negative
  2. This structure is the hightest level of endocrine control:

    infundibulum
    thyroid follicle
    parathyroid glands
    hypothalamus
    hypothalamus
  3. This structure secretes TSH< ACTH, FSH, LH, PRL, GH:

    NEUROHYPOPHYSIS
    ADRENAL MEDULLA
    ADRENAL CORTEX
    ANDRENOHYPOPYSIS
    ANDRENOHYPOPYSIS
  4. THE PANCREATIC ISLETS RELEASE INSULIN AND GLUCAGON. _____________ IS RELEASED WHEN BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS RISE AND IT STIMULATES GLUCOSE TRANSPORT INTO AND UTILIZATION BY PERIPHERAL TISSUES. ____ IS RELEASED WHEN BOLLD GLUCOSE LEVELS DECLINE. AND IT STIMULATES GLYCOGEN BREAKDOWN, GLUCOSE SYNTHESIS AND FATTY RELEASE.

    GLUCAGON/ INSULIN
    INSULIN/ GLUCAGON
    insulin/ glugagon
  5. The endocrine portion of the pancreas is the :

    islets of langerhans
    pancreatic duct
    pancreatic acini
    entire pancreas
    islets of langerhans
  6. The element required for normal thyroid function is:

    magnesium
    iodine
    calcium
    potassium
    iodine
  7. These hormones are unique in that they pass through the plasma membrane, bind to a receptor in the cytoplasm and then active synthesis in the nucleus

    norepinephrine
    epinephrine
    steroids
    peptides
    steroids
  8. increased blood calcium levels would result in increased:

    secretion of calcitonin
    secretion of PTH
    retention of calcium by the kidneys
    osteoclast activity
    excitability of neural membranes
    secretion of calcitonin
  9. The two hormones released by the posterior pituitary gland:

    GH and gonadotropin
    Estrogen and progesterone
    GH and prolactin
    ADH and oxytocin
    ADH and oxytocin
  10. The removal of the parathyroid glands would result in blood concentration of which important mineral?

    calcium
    magnesium
    sodium
    potassium
    calcium
  11. CNS, PNS, organization, growth of cerebrum occurs in which stage of prenatal development?

    First trimester
    Second trimester
    Third trimester
    first trimester
  12. heartbeat begins in which stage of prenatal development?

    First trimester
    Second trimester
    Third trimester
    first trimester
  13. formation of trachea and lungs occurs in which stage of prenatal development:

    First trimester
    Second trimester
    Third trimester
    first trimester
  14. yolk sac forms in which stage of prenatal development?
    first trimester
  15. formation of eyes and ears:
    first trimester
  16. descent of testes happens in which stage of prenatal development?
    third trimester
  17. This structure regulates the flow of chyme into the small intestine from the stomach.

    pyloric sphincter
    cardiac sphincter
    ileocecal valve`
    pyloric sphincter
  18. The ___________ separates the small intestine  and large intestine keeping the contents of the large intestine from backing up into the small intestine:

    pyloric sphincter
    cardiac sphinter
    ileocecal valve
    ileocecal valve
  19. Aunt Gladys just had her gallbladder removed. when she eats she may have problems with:
    fat digestion and absoprtion
  20. counter current multiplication occurs in the
    loop of henle
  21. podocytes and pedicels normally keep this substance from entering filtrate
    proteins
  22. the countercourrent multiplication between the ascending and descending limbs of the nephron loop helps create the osmotic gradient in the medulla. As water is lost by osmosis and the volume of tubular fluid decreases the urea concentration rises.

    True or False
    true
  23. diuretics:
    promote loss of water in urine
    cause a reduction in blood volume
    cause a reduction in blood pressure
    cause a reduction in extracellular fluid volume
    all of the above
    all of the above
  24. aldosterone:

    Increases rate of sodium reabsorption at the kidneys
    stimulates water retention
    increases the sensitivity of salt receptors on the tongue
    all of the above
    none of the above
    all of the above
  25. under normal condition the greatest effort on the respiratory centers is initiated by:

    decreases in PO2
    increases and decreases in  PO2
    increases and decreases in Pco2
    increases in po2
    increases and decreases in PCO2
  26. Which of the following can affect hemoglobin?

    PO2 of blood
    Ph of blood
    temperature of blood
    all of the above
    all of the above
  27. of the following which is not a paranasal sinus?
    mandibular
    frontal
    ethmoidal
    maxillary
    spenoidal
    mandibular
  28. A condition caused by a drop in atmospheric pressure formation of nitrogen gas bubbles in body fluids is called:
    bronchitis
    emphysema
    Copd
    decompression sickness
    decompression sickness
  29. The distal convoluted tubule is an important site for:
    active secretion of ions
    active secretion of acids and other materials
    selective reabsorption of sodium ions from the tubular fluid
    all of the above
    all of the above
  30. Air enters the respiratory passageways when the pressure inside the lungs is lower than the:

    blood pressure
    abdominal pressure
    arterial pressure
    atmospheric pressure
    atmospheric pressure
  31. the 15-20 tracheal cartilages are _____shaped rings which help to compensate for large masses of _______
    • c
    • food
  32. The primary muscles used in respiration are the:
    diaphragm and external intercostals
  33. The membrane that directly covers the lungs is the:
    visceral pleura
  34. The pathogen that causes this disease infects one third of all humans which makes it the leading cause of death among infectious diseases. it is:
    tuberculosis
  35. surfactant
    is not found in healthy lung tissue
  36. this type of wbc includes 3 types of cells that are an important part of the lymphatic system. They include T cells which enter peripheral tissues and attack foreign cells directly or affect the activities of other cells, B cells which produce antibodies and natural killer cells which destroy abnormal tissue cells.  This type of wbc cell is?
    lymphocyte
  37. carbon monoxide is such a deadly poison because it:

    has a high affinity for hemoglobin
    preempts binding sites that oxygen might use
    causes less oxygen to be released to the tissues
    all of the above
    all of the above
  38. the law that governs partial pressure of gases is called:
    Dalton's law
    henry's law
    boyle's law
    the bohr effect
    Dalton's law
  39. The air that remains in the lungs to prevent their collapse is:

    ERV
    IRV
    RB
    VC
    TV
    • RV
    • RESERVE VOLUME
  40. Entry of air into the pleural cavity is
    pneumonia
    pleurisy
    respiratory distress syndrome
    pneumothorax
    pneumothorax
  41. a collapsed lung is:

    epistaxis
    decompression sickness
    atelectasis
    asthma
    anoxia
    atelectasis
  42. a cessation of breathing: can occur during sleep:
    apnea
  43. An increase in the ADH production will cause an increase in permeability of the distal convoluted tuble

    T or F
    true
  44. glomerular filtration rate would decrease as a result of an increase in glomerular blood pressure.

    T or F
    false
  45. In the glomerulus the efferent arteriole is larger in diameter than the afferent arteriole which helps to maintain a relatively high blood pressure in the gloverulus.

    t or f
    false
  46. the diego blood system is found in isolated pockets of the world and fits well with the hypothesis of an east asian origin for native americans
    false
  47. an embolus is a traveling blood clot
    true
  48. hemolytic disease of the newborn may result if an Rh positive mother carries an Rh negative fetus.
    false
  49. more American die each uear from lung cancer than from breast, prostate and colorectal cancers combined
    true
  50. the hormone that stimulates water conservation at the kidneys and the thirst center to promote the drinking of fluids is antidiuretic hormone.
    false ?????
  51. the median cubital vein is often used for venipuncture
    true
  52. a person with type A blood contain anti B antibodies in their plasma
    true
  53. a person with type O blood contain both Anti A and Anti B antibodies in their plasma
    true
  54. hyperkalemia
  55. alkalosis due to excessive respiratory activity which depresses carbon dioxide levels and elevates the ph of body fluids generally caused by hyperventilation and reduction in plasma CO2 levels
    respiratory alkalosis
  56. acidosis resulting from inadequate respiratory activity characterized by elevated levels of carbon dioxide in body fluids generally caused by hypaventilation and CO2  buildup in tissues and blood
    respiratory acidosis
  57. a rare form of alkalosis due to high concentrations of biocaronate ions in body fluids. Generally caused by prolonged vomiting and associated acid loss
    metabolic alkalosis
  58. a type of acidosis caused by the inability to excrete hydrogen ions the production of numerous fixed or organic acids or severe bicarbonate loss caused by build up of organic or fixed acid impaired elimination at kidneys
    metabolic acidosis
  59. The most common clotting factor disorder is:
    von willbrand disease???
  60. blood type is based on the type of _____ on your RBC
    antigens
  61. when hemolysis occurs the Hb breaks down: the alpha and beta chains are filtered by the kidneys and eliminated in the urine. When abnormally large number of RBC's breaks down, urine may turn red or brown. This is called:
    hemoglobinuria
  62. blood flows from the right atrium into the right ventricle through the _____ valve
    right antrioventricular valve, tricuspid
  63. during diastole a chamber of the heart
    relaxes and fills with blood
  64. The ____ marks the remnants of the foramen ovale in the fetus, which allows blood to flow from the right atrium  to the left atrium.
    fossa ovalis
  65. The QRS complex of the ECG appears as the
    ventricles depolarize and the atria repolarize
  66. uncle bucks end systolic volume is 40 ml and his end diastolic volume is 125 ml. what is uncle bucks stroke volume?
    125-40= 85 ml
  67. uncle bucks heart rate is 70BPM and his stoke volume is 60
    what is his cardiac output?
    70 x 60= 4200 ml/min
  68. in a normal ECG defection the P wave represents
    atrial depolarization
  69. blood pressure is measured with a device called a
    sphymomanometer
  70. the correct sequential path of a normal action potential in the heart is;
    SA node> AV node> AV bundle (bundle of His)>bundle branch>purkinje fibers
  71. The medial part of the breast drains into the :

    deep cervical nodes
    parasternal nodes
    axillary nodes
    inguinal nodes
    parasternal nodes
  72. which of the following is not an example of nonspecific immunity defense?

    interferons
    complement system
    skin
    fever
    vaccine
    vaccine
  73. Lymph from about one fourth of the body drains into the:
    right lymphatic duct
    left lymphatic duct
    thoracic duct
    right lymphatic duct????
  74. lymph from the inferior part of the abdomen the pelvis and limbs is received by the
    cisternae chyli

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