Systems of Psychology Final

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Clinical
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253375
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Systems of Psychology Final
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2013-12-15 20:52:28
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history systems psychology
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The 'hardest' questions of my exams 1, 2, and 3.
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  1. What was the importance of 1859 for science in general?
    Darwin's publication of "Origin of Species" book
  2. What topic does the famous case of Phineas Gage most clearly address?
    Attribution of specific functions to particular regions of the brain
  3. Which important philosopher was an advocate of a Nativist approach?
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  4. What empiricist figure that we talked about would reasonably have been called a "mentalist" or an "idealist"?
    George Berkeley
  5. What is it called when physical pressure on a human eye causes a person to experience flashes of light?
    Specific Energy
  6. Benjamin Rush is credited with advocating what concept relevant to early psychology and psychiatry?
    Relatively humane treatment of mentally ill individuals
  7. What is the basic idea of "reductionism"?
    • Phenomena posing problems at one level of science can often be better understood if approached at a more basic level.
    • ie: Simple is Better
  8. What was the most recent component to be incorporated into the "Scientific Method" as we know it today (during the 20th century)?
    The idea that research is intended to test a particular hypothesis.
  9. What contribution is E.G. Boring best known for among psychologists today?
    He was the first important historian studying the emergence of Psychology.
  10. What did the "Old History" viewpoint value the most?
    The "Great Person" concept
  11. What viewpoint best describes DesCarte's position regarding the "Mind/Body problem"?
    Dualism (none of the above on exam)
  12. Alexander Bain was NOT a what?
    foremost opponent of the "growing psychologization" of philosophy.
  13. Avoiding contributing high-order thought to animals where behavior explicable in terms of low-order phenomena (Ie: Animal thought is not complex) - is relevant to what?
    "Morgan's Canon"
  14. What did Wundt call the principle that perception of complex wholes involves phenomena which cannot be found by examining the parts of the complex individually?
    The Law of Psychic Resultants
  15. What was Titchener's name for the approach to psychology that he practiced?
    Structuralism
  16. What figure was known for not being associated with Functionalism?
    Titchener
  17. Who would have disagreed with this statement? "It's important to use experimental techniques to study thought without perceptual images."
    Wilhelm Wundt
  18. Ebbinghaus conceptualized forgetting as occurring automatically with time, but Georg Muller disagreed, arguing that forgetting also reflected what mechanism?
    interference from subsequent experiments or stimuli
  19. The ______ school, and Titchener's _________, were variations of the general approach known as __________.
    Wurzburg, Structuralism, Introspectionalism
  20. The ________ method of research involved unsystematically collecting illustrative examples of behavior to support theoretical conclusions; it was used in the late 1800's to study animal intelligence.
    Anecdotal
  21. Francis Galton established his famous ____________ lab to study individual differences in abilities.
    Anthropometric
  22. Spencer's _________ Darwinism attributed the economic success enjoyed by Great Britain in the 19th century to the superior organization of British culture - much as _______ had earlier predicted the British political system would guarantee their ability to control limited food supplies around the world.
    Social, Malthus
  23. The "Variability Hypothesis" asserted that there were important gender differences in extreme scores in what aspect of behavior?
    General intelligence
  24. James McKeen Canttell and G. Stanley Hall had many accomplishments in common - EXCEPT for which known ?
    both became widely respected for contributions psychometric measurement
  25. What individual, whose mature theoretical views would have been fundamentally opposed to the Eugenics movement?
    Alfred Binet
  26. What part of human life span did G. Stanley Hall become especially interested in studying?
    Middle Childhood (age 8 to 12)
  27. Who devised the first intelligence test to report a mental age score?
    Alfred Binet
  28. True or False: Functionalist psychology managed to preserve the centrality of Wundt's introspectionist concepts, even while behaviorism assumed more and more importance. (from a long term perspective)
    False
  29. True or False: William James recruited G. Stanley Hall to replace himself as the principal psychologist at Harvard University.
    False
  30. What was not one of Lewis Terman's contributions to intelligence testing and psychometrics?
    Assertion that there was more than one kind of intelligence
  31. _________ was recognize for his work with mentally retarded children at the prestigious ________ New Jersey institute.
    Goddard, Vineland
  32. What did Alfred Binet hope to use to improve childrens' test scores?
    mental orthopedics

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