export_final phonology ch 9.csv

Card Set Information

Author:
hlga222
ID:
253382
Filename:
export_final phonology ch 9.csv
Updated:
2013-12-15 21:37:59
Tags:

Folders:
661
Description:
661
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user hlga222 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What type of approach should you use to treat articulation errors?,"Phonetic approach
  2. aka traditional or motor approach"
    • "In phonetic approaches, each error sound is treated _______.","Individually, one after another."
    • Should a traditional-motor approach be automatically used with all clients who exhibit a single-sound error?,"No - they could be having problems with the function of the sound, which is phonological"
    • The level of accuracy before proceeding tot he next stage of tx is usually what percent?,80% to 90% accuracy
    • What level of accuracy is needed in spontaneous contexts for termination?,50% accuracy
    • Skills that require the child to think and talk about language,Metalinguistic
    • What is the first step for articulation therapy that most clinicians do not implement?,sensory-perceptual training
    • 5 progression steps for articulation therapy?,"1. Sound in Isolation
    • 2. Nonsense syllables
  3. 3. Words
  4. 4. Phrases & sentences
  5. 5. Spontaneous speech"
    • "Isolation: In this procedure, the clinician gives examples of the sound and the client is asked to imitate the sound. ""Watch me and do exactly what I do""",Auditory Stimulation/Imitation
    • What method is should be used first to elicit a new sound?,Auditory stimulation/imitation
    • Isolation: Clinician instructs the client how to position the articulators in order to produce a sound,Phonetic placement method
    • Isolation: Method based on deriving the target sound from a phonetically similar sound that the client can accurately produce,Sound modification method
    • Name for words that help the client produce the target sound accurately,Facilitating contexts or key words
    • What is the goal of using nonsense syllables?,To maintain accuracy of the target when it is embedded in varying vowel contexts
    • Typical sequencing of syllable shapes for nonsense sounds?,"CV, CV, and CVC"
    • Many clinicians skip which phase of tx?,Nonsense syllables - words are more meaningful and interesting to the client
    • Which 6 factors affect the articulatory complexity of a word?,"1. Length of word
    • 2. Position of sound within word
  6. 3. Syllable structure
  7. 4. Syllable stress
  8. 5. Coarticulation factors
  9. 6. Familiarity with the word"
    • "The (greater/fewer) syllables, the easier the word",Fewer
    • A sound in the _____ position of the word is the easiest,Initial
    • (Open/closed) syllable structures are easier,Open (CV) is easier than closed (CVC)
    • A target sound is easier to produce in a (stressed/unstressed) syllable,Stressed
    • What is one of the easiest ways to elicit a short phrase?,A carrier phrase with a target word at the end
    • The transfer of behavior to conversational speech in various setting is known as...,carryover
    • What is the only way to ensure that therapy was successful?,Reevaluation
    • "Misarticulations of /s/ and /z/
  10. 1. How are they normally formed?
  11. 2. Frequency of occurrence?","1. Fricatives with a narrow opening, and sagittal grooving
    • 2. /s/ - top 5 sound, /z/ - 11th of 24"
    • "Misarticulations of /s/ and /z/
  12. 4 things to consider before tx?","1. May be due to high freq hearing loss
    2. Minor structural changes may affect /s/ (missing teeth)
  13. 3. Consider tongue thrust
  14. 4. Auditory discrimination abilities"
    "Misarticulations of /s/ and /z/
  15. Methods for treating it?","1. Phonetic placement: tell them where to place tongue
    2. /t/ -- /s/: rapid /t/ repetitions or prolonged stop phase of /t/
  16. 3. // -- /s/: No lip rounding, move tongue forward, increase tongue groove
  17. 4. /f/ -- /s/: move lower lip and lift tongue
  18. 5. /i/ -- /s/: elevate tongue, raise lateral edges"
    • Should you start with /s/ or /z/ first?,Z could be more beneficial
    • Which vowels are better for coarticulation with /s/ and /z/?,Front vowels with no lip rounding
    • "Misarticulations of // and /zh/
  19. Treatment methods?","1. /s/ - // method: round lips and retract tongue
    2. /t/ - / / : prolonged /t/ with lip protrusion, then lengthen it
  20. 3. /t/ - / /: isolate friction portion. slow ch with lip protrusion, lengthen the end of it"
    "Misarticulations of // and /zh/
  21. Coarticulatory conditions?","Help with tongue placement: high-front
  22. Help with lip rounding: high back vowels"
    "Misarticulations of /k/ and /g/
  23. How to treat it when they're substituting /t/ and /d/?",Prevent tip of tongue from touching alveolar ridge - must stay behind lower incisors
    "Misarticulations of /k/ and /g/
  24. How to treat it?","1. /ng/ - /g/: prolong /ng/ while holding nostrils closed, release the buildup of air pressure into oral cavity
    • 2. /u/ - /k/: prolong /u/ an elevate back of tongue, use tongue to block air, release sound"
    • "Misarticulations of /k/ and /g/
  25. Coarticulatory conditions?",Help with posterior positiong: back vowels
    "Misarticulations of /l/
  26. How to treat?","1. /d/ - /l/: pull lateral edges of tongue down, or release air without losing contact with ridge
    2. /n/ - /l/: pinch nostrils shut
  27. 3. /i/ - /l/: prolong /i/ while moving tongue tip to ridge
  28. 4. /a/ - /l/: prolong /a/ with open mouth, elevate tongue tip to ridge"
    "Misarticulations of /l/
  29. Coarticulatory conditions?","Light vs. dark /l/. Consider position with word.
    Dark: high back (l at end of word)
  30. Light: high front (l at beginning)"
    "Misarticulations of /r/
  31. Two types of /r/?","Bunched
  32. Retroflexed - easier to implement"
    "Misarticulations of /r/
  33. How to treat?","1. /d/ - /r/: produce /da/, glide tongue tip back
    • 2. /er/ - /r/"
    • "Misarticulations of /r/
  34. Coarticulatory conditions",Consonantal /r/: back vowels
    "Misarticulations of // and /̡/
  35. How to treat?","1. /t/ - / /: slowly release t, maintain friction and move tongue forward
    2. /f/ - / /: pull away bottom lip, place tongue between teeth
  36. 3. /s/ - / /: glide tongue forward until tip almost touches teeth"
    "Misarticulations of // and /̡/
  37. Coarticulatory conditions?",High front vowels
    "Misarticulations of /f/ and /v/
  38. How to treat?
  39. Coarticulatory?","1. Bite down on lower lip with upper teeth
    2. /p/ - /f/
  40. 1. High -front -- no lip rounding!!!"
    • Misarticulations of affricates,"1. /t/ - /ch/
    • 2. /sh/ - /ch/
  41. 3. /s/ - /ch/"
    • Voicing problems: how to treat?,"Create awareness!
    • 1. Tactile-feedback method: feel throat
  42. 2. Auditory enhancement method: place hands over ears
  43. 3. Whispering method
  44. 4. Singing method: to produce voiced cognate of sound
  45. 5. Developing voiced stop productions"
    • Consonant cluster problems: how to treat?,"1. Epenthesis: insert a schwa
    • 2. Pausing"
    • Type of modeling: Models are presented immediatelybefore request for student to imitate .,Antecedent modeling
    • Model is given only after clientmakes a mistake,Error dependent modeling
    • "Clinician:Shows picture of bowl of soup. What۪s this?۝
  46. Child: [tup]
  47. Clinician: No, not quite. Is it soup۪ or [flup]?
  48. Child: [sup]
  49. Clinician: Right! It۪s soup.",Dependent Modeling withBinary Choice Prompt
    • "What are collapse of contrasts?
    • What type of therapy would you use?","When they use one sound for multiple sounds.
    • I would use Multiple Oppositions Approach"

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview