History 1st Semester Riview

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melissarenee
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253383
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History 1st Semester Riview
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2013-12-19 19:48:37
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History 7th grade
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Review for semester final
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  1. He led a large force of men, horses, and elephants across the Alps into Italy.
    Hannibla
  2. This city was Rome's chief rival.
    Pantheon
  3. As a result, Carthage was burned to the gournd
    Third Punic War
  4. Roman citizens who were "common people"
    Plebeians
  5. Wealthier Romans who resembled aristocrats.
    Patricians
  6. The most powerful government body in the Roman republic.
    Senate
  7. The Roman defensive alliance against the Etruscans.
    Latin League
  8. Amphitheater in Rome capable of seating over 40,000
    Colosseum
  9. He conquered the Gauls.
    Julius Caesar
  10. "First citizen"
    Princeps
  11. Caesar's closest friend.
    Antony
  12. Julius Caesar's adopted son and legal heir.
    Octavian
  13. An elite group that served as an advisory body to the king.
    Senate
  14. Friend who stabbed Caesar according to Shakespeare.
    Brutus
  15. King of Palestine during the time of Christ appointed by Rome.
    Herod
  16. The two most widely spoken languages in the Roman Empire were _____ and _______.
    Latin, Greek
  17. By the time of Caesar Augustus' reign, the Jew were scattered where?
    All over the world
  18. The Jew had 39 written books of _________ to read, and they worshiped on the Sabbath day in places of worship called________?
    Old Testament, Synaogoge
  19. "Christ" come from the Greek word used to translate the Hebrew word _________. It also means ______ ______.
    Messiah, anointed one
  20. What important person was born in the years between 4-6 B. C.?
    Jesus
  21. Pax Romana was a period of about 200 years of ________________?
    peace and prosparoty
  22. The actual length of time it takes the earth to go around the sun is call a _______.
    year
  23. Daniel, Chapter ______, is the story of King Nebuchadnezzar's __________.
    2, dream
  24. Nebuchadnezzar asked his wise men and magicians to do what, or be killed?
    tell him his dream and interpret it
  25. There were ____ (number) of Punic Wars
    3
  26. Name 5 Roman gods/goddesses
    Neptune, Mars, Pluto, Jupiter, Venus, Cupid, Saturn


  27. Kingdom- #1
    Title of Kingdom/Empire - ?
    Material- Gold
    Leader- ?
    • New Babylonian
    • Nebacanezzar

  28. Kingdom- #2
    Title of Kingdom/Empire - ?
    Material- ?
    Leader- ?
    • Medo-Persean
    • Silver
    • Cyrus the Great
  29.  
    Kingdom- #3
    Title of Kingdom/Empire - ?
    Material- ?
    Leader- ?
    • Greek
    • ??
    • Caesar

  30. Kingdom- #4
    Title of Kingdom/Empire - ?
    Material- ?
    Leader- ? (2)
    • Rome
    • Iron
    • ? and ?
  31. Kingdom- #5
    Title of Kingdom/Empire - Ten-Member Confederation to come
    Material- ?
    Leader- Unknown
    Clay and iorn

  32. Kingdom- #6
    Title of Kingdom/Empire - ?
    Material- ?
    Leader- God
    • God's Kingdom
    • Rock
  33. city where Mohammed was born?
    Mecca
  34. Holy wars fought against Islam?
    Crusades
  35. Mohammed's successors who led holy wars?
    caliphs
  36. the english king who led the Third Crusade?
    Richard the lion Hearted
  37. captured Constantinople and ended the Eastern Roman Empire?
    Mohammed II
  38. Followers of Islam?
    Muslim
  39. Arab nomads
    Bedouins
  40. The god of Islam
    Allah
  41. Pope who proclaimed the beginning of the Crusades?
    Uraban II
  42. Muslim place of worship?
    Mosque
  43. Egiptian who took Jerusalem for the Muslims?
    Saladin
  44. Claimed to be the special prophet of Allah?
    Mohammed
  45. Muslim word for "holy war"
    Jihad
  46. The religion of Mohammed?
    Islam
  47. The holy bool of Islam?
    Koran
  48. the crusade of Kings
    third Crusade
  49. Never reached the holy land but attacked Constantinople?
    Fourth Crusade
  50. A group of 15,000-2,000 farmers
    Peasants crusades
  51. Many were tricked by slave traders and sold as slaves
    children's crusade
  52. Many European nobles led the fight and recaptured Asia Minor?
    First Crusade
  53. who conquered the Persian Empire without loosing a battle?
    Alexander the Great
  54. Philosopher who concluded there had to be a being called God who gave orders to the universe?
    Aristotle
  55. He said "Know thy self" took his own life?
    Socrates
  56. Persian monarch who assembled perhaps the largest military force the word has ever seen?
    Xerxes
  57. King of macedonia, father of Alexander the Great?
    Philip II
  58. Who was the grandson of Noah who had settled in the area of Greece?
    Javon
  59. Persian King who demanded that the mainland Greeks submit to him?
    Darius
  60. Spartan king who fought and died at Thermopylae?
    Leonidas
  61. Father of Geometry?
    Euclid
  62. Calculated the circumference of the earth and distance to the moon and the sun?
    Erastothanes
  63. Greek philosopher who wrote the dialogues of Socrates?
    Plato
  64. Brought democracy to its fullest measure in Athens?
    Pericles
  65. Mathematician who studied levers mass and volume, area?
    Archimedes
  66. Wrote a collections of fables?
    Aesop
  67. the difference between representative and direct democracy
    • Representative is were you pick a person from your city to rule all the city
    • Direct is were the person themselves made the big decision of government directly rather than indirectly
  68. ascribing human characteristics to a nonhuman thing
    Anthropomorphism
  69. Most important legacy of the Greeks in helping to later spread the Gospel was their what?
    language
  70. what was the differences between the Athenians and Spartans?
    • Athenians cared much about school and didn't like violence¬†
    • Spartans didn't care about looks music or school they just liked violece
  71. name 4 Greek gods or goddesses or heroes
    Zeus, Athens, apollo, and Deminor
  72. what is a city state called?
    polis
  73. an agora is a___
    market
  74. The battle proved that the Persians cold be defeated?
    Battle of Marathon
  75. what is a lover of wisdom?
    Philosepher
  76. Alexanders empire rise and fall was prophesied by who?
    Daniel
  77. The period between Alexander conquest and the Roman Empire is known as the what?
    Hellenistic age
  78. the micanoans lived on what isand?
    Crete
  79. King of the Greek gods?
    Zeus
  80. They were poor farm laborers, similar to slaves?
    Helots
  81. what blind poet wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey?
    Homer
  82. What is ruled by one
    monarchy
  83. Ruled by a few?
    oligarchy
  84. Ruled by a one bad man?
    tyranny
  85. ruled by the many or the common people
    democracy
  86. What is known as the dark ages?
    Middle ages
  87. Is also known as the Bronze ages?
    Early Period
  88. They were northern invaders who helped bring down the Myconeans?
    Dorians
  89. where the Greek gods supposedly lived at?
    mt. Olympus
  90. They were glorified human beings
    Heroes
  91. These people were masters of philosophy, art and literature?
    Athens
  92. The governor in Palestine at the time of Chrit's death
    Pontius Pilate
  93. Leader of the Huns
    Attila
  94. Divided the Roman Empire into two and began the most severe persecution of the Christians up to that point in history
    Diocletian
  95. Promoted a distorted form of Christianity as the official religion
    Theodosius I
  96. The first Christian emperor of the Roman Empire
    Constantine
  97. He was responsible for the beheading od the Apostle Paul
    Nero
  98. He captured Jerusalem and destroyed the temple in AD 70
    Titus
  99. Emperor of Rome at the time of Christ's death
    Tiberius
  100. He pushed the boundaries of the empire to their greatest extent.
    Trajan
  101. He ruled the Western Roman Empire
    Maximian
  102. The Roman Empire was always known for force and ________.
    violence
  103. The Easter Roman Empire lasted for about _______ years.
    1000
  104. THe greatest danger to the Western Roman Empire were the __________ who were called: _____________.
    Germans, barbairians
  105. The fall of Rome marked the end of __________ times.
    ancient
  106. Gaul is now the country of _____________.
    France
  107. Mount Vesuvius was a ___________.
    volcano
  108. Mount Vesuvius was located in the city and country of _____________.
    Italy
  109. If you are not a Jew, you are a ____________.
    Gentile
  110. The old city of Byzantium is now called ____________________.
    Constantenople
  111. 5 Good Emperors
    • Marcus¬†Aurelius
    • Trajan
    • Nerva
    • Hadrian
    • Antoninus Pius
  112. What most important historic even took place during the time of the Roman Empire?
    Jesus' death
  113. Which lasted longer, the Eastern or Western Roman Empire?
    Western Roman Empire

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