Psychology Exam 4

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  1. According to Gilpin, the most important neobehaviorist was who?
    Clark Hull
  2. How many stages in psychological development did Sigmund Freud eventually identify?
  3. What principle of phenomena was developed/studied mostly by psychologists NOT considered to have been affiliated with Gestalt Psychology?
    The "Pleasure Principle"
  4. What historical figure was NOT identified with the same psychological school as the others?
    Alfred Adler
  5. A description of physiological systems regulating drives such as hunger or thirst within limits was called by what name, and is most directly attributed to whom?
    Homeostasis, Cannon
  6. Many of the key figures from which school of psychology left Germany in the 1920's and 1930's to come to the United States?
    Gestalt Psychology
  7. Anna Freud was best known for her work with what?
    Extending psychoanalysis to children and adolescents.
  8. What assertion would Clark Hull have objected to?
    Organisms from different species differ in important aspects of the learning process
  9. Gestalt Psychologists were often regarded as limiting their theories to which topic?
    Perceptual processes
  10. What criticism is least accurately directed against the ideas of Sigmund Freud?
    The theory is based on lab research only, and Freud ignored its applicability to helping people in clinical settings.
  11. What concept is Alfred Adler most remembered for describing?
    The inferiority compelx
  12. What figure would have been least appropriately described at as an ego psychologist?
    Jean Piaget
  13. The gestalt psychologists described a number of principles describing _________________, although some of these contradicted others.
    perceptual organization
  14. The Gestalt principle called ________ refers to the tendency to see objects which are close together physically as belonging to the same unit or whole figure.
  15. Gestalt Psychologists felt that people perceived objects as having an unchanging form despite changes in the retinal image produced as the objects moved, a phenomenon called shape ___________.
  16. Carl Jung hypothesized that people's personality could be categorized as belonging to one of two types: extroverts (who were outgoing and sociable), and ____________ (who were shy and withdrawn socially).
  17. The notion of the _________ unconscious asserts that all persons inherit certain images or concepts which they share with all other people
  18. In classical psychoanalytical theory, the _____________ instinct is the death-seeking instinct, added to the theory after most of the basic concepts had been described.
  19. In classical psychoanalytical theory, the ______________ instinct is a life seeking instinct.
  20. Freud thought that unconscious instincts were part of the psyche he called the what?
  21. What learning is acquired with experience but not immediately reflected in performance; later, however, when the information becomes relevant, and organism's behavior shows it.
  22. The research conducted using rats by E. C. Tolman was most relevant to what?
    Latent Learning
  23. The most functional of the ______________ is ___________, which results not only in the gratification of _____________ desires, but also gains social approval of the behavior.
    Defense Mechanisms, Sublimation, Unconscious
  24. Who originally thought that hypnosis would relieve neurotic symptoms effectively, influenced by Charcot's work with neurotic patients?
    Sigmund Freud
  25. Freud Eventually rejected the use of hypnosis, in favor of techniques like ____________ and _______________.
    Dream Analysis, Free Association.
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Psychology Exam 4
just from a study guide for my 4th exam
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