Skin disorders and diseases

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Author:
erin579
ID:
25340
Filename:
Skin disorders and diseases
Updated:
2010-07-22 15:13:03
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skin care
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Chapter 10
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  1. medical term for hive
    urticaria
  2. hive or mosquito bite
    wheal
  3. small blister or sac containing clear fluid
    vesicle
  4. external swelling
    tumor
  5. solid lump, larger than papule (no fluid)
    tubercle
  6. inflamed papule with a white or yellow center that contains pus
    pustule
  7. small elevation that contains no fluid
    papule
  8. smaller bumps caused by conditions such as scar tissue, fatty deposits or infections
    nodule
  9. a flat spot (freckle)
    macule
  10. closed abnormally developed sac
    cyst
  11. cystic acne
    grade 4 acne
  12. red and inflammed, many comedones, papules & pustules
    grade 3 acne
  13. many closed comedones, occasional papules
    grade 2 acne
  14. minor breakouts, some closed comedones
    grade 1 acne
  15. progesterone, estrogen and androgens
    female hormones
  16. androgens & testosterone
    male hormones
  17. hormonal changes, stress, products and certain foods are.....
    acne triggers
  18. similar to open comedones, are mainly solidified impactions of oil without the cell matter
    sebaceous filaments
  19. fungal infection that inhibits melanin production
    tinea versicolor
  20. ringworm
    tinea corporis
  21. fungal infections
    tinea
  22. bacterial infection of the skin that often occurs in children
    impetigo
  23. shingles
    herpes zoster
  24. aka genital herpes
    herpes simplex 2
  25. fever blisters or cold sores
    herpes simplex 1
  26. pink eye
    bacterial conjunctivitis
  27. most serious form of skin cancer. black or dark patches on the skin are usually uneven in texture, jagged or raised
    malignant melanoma
  28. more serious condition than basal cell. characterized by red of pink scaly papules or nodules
    squamous cell carcinoma
  29. most common and least severe type of carcinoma
    basal cell
  30. a wart
    verruca
  31. bead-like, small outgrowths or extensions of the skin that look like flaps
    skin tag
  32. a brownish spot ranging in color from tan to bluish black. aka birthmark
    mole
  33. redness and bumpiness in cheeks or upper arms
    keratosis pilaris
  34. pink or flesh-colored precancerous lesions that feel sharp or rough
    actinic keratoses
  35. thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells
    hyperkeratosis
  36. abnormally thick build-up of cells
    keratoses
  37. callus
    keratoma
  38. an abnormal growth; many are benign, or harmless.
    hypertrophy
  39. white spots or areas on the skin from a lack of pigment cells. acquired condition/milky patches
    vitiligo
  40. light, abnormal patches caused by a congenital disease that destroys the pigment producing cells
    leukoderma
  41. technical term for albinism
    congenital leukoderma
  42. absence of melanin pigment in the body
    albinism
  43. change in pigmentation due to melanin production
    tan
  44. brown or wine colored discoloration - these occur after certain diseases
    stain
  45. birthmark or mole
    nevus
  46. pregnancy mask
    melasma
  47. freckle
    lentigo
  48. liver spots/moth patches
    chloasma
  49. lack of pigment
    hypopigmentation
  50. overproduction of pigment
    hyperpigmentation
  51. a vascular lesion; damaged capillaries also called cuperose skin
    telangiectasia
  52. inflammation of the skin characterized by redness, dilation of blood vessels and in severe cases the formation of papules and pustules
    rosacea
  53. red patched covered with white-silver scales
    psoriasis
  54. medical term for itching
    priritis
  55. acne like condition around the mouth
    perioral dermatitis
  56. razor bumps without the pus or infection
    pseudofolliculitis
  57. hairs grow under surface instead of growing up and out of follicle
    folliculitis
  58. redness caused by inflammation
    erythema
  59. swelling from a fluid imbalance in cells or from a response to injury or infection
    edema
  60. mainly affects oily areas
    seborrheic dermatitis
  61. an inflammatory condition of the skin, various forms of which include lesions such as eczema, vesicles or papules
    dermatitis
  62. an inflammatory skin condition caused by contact with a chemical or substance
    contact dermatitis
  63. a rash
    atopic dermatitis
  64. open lesion
    ulcer
  65. light colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion has healed (cicatrix)
    scar
  66. shredding of dead skin cells, flaky skin cells, ex. dandruff
    scale
  67. thick raised scar resulting in excess growth of firerous tissue, usually genetic
    keloid
  68. crack in the skin
    fissure
  69. clients scrape oss acne lesions causing scarring and discoloration
    acne excoriee
  70. a skin sore or abraison produced by scratching or scraping
    excoriation
  71. dead cells formed over a wound or blemish while it is healing
    crust
  72. a large blister containing watery fluid
    bulla

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