Right Bank AOCs

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Right Bank AOCs
2013-12-16 09:59:44
FWS Bordeaux

FWS Master Level
Show Answers:

  1. Where is Libourne?
    • Confluence of Dordogne and Isle rivers.
    • English settlement founded in 1268 by Roger de Leyburn
  2. Who was Saint-Emilion named after?
    • Aemilianus (a hermit from Brittany who established a small monastery)
    • He was never officially canonized
  3. Why was Sables-Saint-Emilion not incorporated into Saint-Emilion in 1973?
    Records proved it was excluded in Medieval times
  4. Describe the borders of Saint-Emilion
    • N: Barbanne stream
    • S: Dordogne plain
    • E: Hills of Castillon
    • W: high plain near the town of Libourne
  5. Name the AOCs in the Libourne
    • Saint-Emilion and its satellites
    • Pomerol and Lalande-de-Pomerol
    • Fronsac and Canon-Fronsac
  6. Are the AOCs of the Libourne for red wine only?
  7. What is the size of each Right Bank AOC?
    • Saint-Emilion: ?
    • Saint-Georges-Saint-Emilion: 170 ha
    • Montagne-Saint-Emilion: 1565 ha
    • Lussac-Saint-Emilion: 530 ha
    • Puisseguin-Saint-Emilion: 750 ha
    • Pomerol: 790 ha
    • Lalande-de-Pomerol: ?
    • Fronsac: 850 ha
    • Canon-Fronsac: 300 ha
  8. Describe the soils of Saint-Emilion
    • Enormous diversity
    • Quality is not dictated by a single terroir
    • Vineyards vary in elevation, exposure, and aspect
  9. Describe the soils of Saint-Emilion
    • Hilltops: clay-limestone, clay-sand
    • N/W: sand, gravel, clay, crasse de fer atop Fronsadais molasse and limestone (N) and starfish limestone (W)
    • E: clay-limestone, clay-sand atop starfish limestone and molasse
    • S: sand, gravel atop ancient alluvium (river deposits)
  10. Who planted the first vines in Lussac-Saint-Emilion?
    • Roman era: Luccius/Lucanicus/Lucciacus
    • Catholic church: Cistercians abbot (Baron de Lussac)
  11. Describe the wines of Saint-Emilion
    • Dordogne plains: Alluvial sands craft fruit-forward, accessible light wines
    • NW: high plateau of wind-blow sands craft complex wines with minerality, fruit, polished tannins; pockets of Pomerol soils produce rich aromatic wines
  12. Describe the wines of Pomerol
    • Youth: Dumb and tannic
    • Mature: Prune and walnuts
  13. Why have Saint-Emilion wines been described as the Burgundies of Bordeaux?
    • Softness
    • Cabernet Franc provides structure
    • Merlot adds fruit and texture
    • Malbec adds color and fruit
  14. What is the Jurade de Saint-Emilion?
    • 1199: Council that oversaw business, politics, grape growing and wine making
    • Today: Organization that promotes Saint-Emilion wine
  15. Name 4 things that Saint-Emilion refers to
    • A hermit whose acolytes carved a church out of a limestone cliff between the 9th-13th C (500 years)
    • A town
    • AOC (5 hills that run parallel to the Dordogne, a high limestone plateau, 2 sandy plains)
  16. What is Montagne (city within Saint-Emilion) known for?
    • Gallo-Roman archeological finds
    • Home of Ausonius (Roman poet and pro-counsul)
    • Ransacked by barbarians
    • Protected by the English during the Middle Ages
  17. Describe the soils of Lussac-Saint-Emilion
    • N: clay
    • E: limestone
    • W: gravel, sandy-gravel plateau
    • SE: clay-limestone slopes
    • NW: iron-rich sands and clays
  18. Describe the soils of Montagne-Saint-Emilion
    Diverse (clay, clay-limestone, starfish limestone, sand-clay, irony sand, clay-alluvium)
  19. Which communes agreed to merge with Montagne-Saint-Emilion in 1973?
    • Parsac, Saint-Georges, and Lussac
    • 20 years later, Saint-Georges and Lussac were regranted AOC status (but not Parsac)
  20. Describe the soils of Saint-Georges-Saint-Emilion
    Homogeneous (clay-limestone atop starfish limestone)
  21. Describe the soils of Puisseguin-Saint-Emilion
  22. Where does the name Puisseguin derive from?
    • Puy means Mount
    • Sequin was one of Charlemagne's lieutenants who built a fortress atop this butte
  23. Where does the name Pomerol derive from?
    Pomarium means orchard
  24. Describe Pomerol's viticultural history
    • Middle Ages: Hospitaliers of St. John of Jerusalem -- aka Knights of Malta --(built church for pilgrims en route to Santiago de Compostella in Galicia, Spain) maintained vines
    • After 100 Years War: vineyards in disrepair but replanted in 15C
    • 1562-1598: vineyards laid to waste during Wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots)
    • 1936: AOC established (had been considered a part of Saint-Emilion)
    • 1956: Frost devastates vineyards; replanted
  25. What is La Confrerie des Hospitaliers?
    Wine fraternity that honors the Knights of Malta (robes have a Maltese cross)
  26. Describe the soils of Pomerol
    • Wide and flat plateau with terraces that slope down to the Isle River
    • Crasse de Fer: underpins all terroirs
    • E: deep gravel (both top soil and subsoil)
    • Center: clay-gravel atop clay
    • W: sand (near Isle)
  27. What is Crasse de Fer?
    Iron-rich hardpan
  28. What are the most prominent grapes in Pomerol?
    • Merlot: 80%
    • Cabernet Franc: 15%
    • Cabernet Sauvignon: 5%
  29. Describe the wines of Pomerol
    • Youth: dense, dumb, chocolate tannins
    • Mature: Aromas of walnut and prune, Velvet texture
  30. Describe the soils of Lalande-de-Pomerol
    • Separated from Pomerol by Barbanne stream
    • E: clay, clay-gravel
    • N/NE: gravel
    • W: sand-gravel (near Isle)
  31. Describe the history of the Lalande-de-Pomerol and Neac communes
    • Before 1926: Lalande-de-Pomerol was part of Pomerol and Neac used Neac-Pomerol
    • 1926: Lelande-de-Pomerol denied use Pomerol AOC and Neac denied use of Neac-Pomerol name
  32. Describe the wines of Lalande-de-Pomerol
    • Needs 10 years to mature
    • Aromas of truffles, violets, fallen leaves
  33. What appellations border the Barbanne stream?
    • North of Barbanne: Laland-de-Pomerol, Montagne-Saint-Emilion, Saint-Georges-Saint-Emilion
    • South of Barbanne: Pomerol, Saint-Emilion
  34. What appellations border the Isle river?
    • West of Isle: Fronsac
    • East of Isle: Pomerol, Lalande-de-Pomerol
  35. Describe the soils of Fronsac and Canon-Fronsac
    • Right bank (west side) of Isle River
    • Castle on top of the tertre (hill) of Fronsac
    • A smaller hill also dominates Canon-Fronsac
    • River banks: sand
    • Slopes: clay-limestone or clay-sand atop starfish limestone atop Fronsadais molasse (sandy-clay)
  36. Is Canon-Fronsac a subset of Fronsac?
    • Yes
    • 6 of 18 Fronsac communes can use either Fronsac AOC or Canon-Fronsac AOC
  37. Describe the wines of Fronsac and Canon-Fronsac
    • Powerful tannins and red fruit
    • Hints of pepper, spice, and truffle
    • Similar to Saint-Emilion and Pomerol but tougher
  38. Describe the history of Fronsac
    • 769 AD: Charlemagne built castle to protect region
    • 17 C: Seigneur d'Argilemont hanged by King Louis XIII for sinking passing ships
    • Until 18 C: Wine from Fronsac more prized than from Saint-Emilion because grand-nephew of Cardinal Richelieu had legendary parties in an Italianate palace
    • 1960s: Regained strength after phylloxera, plagues, world wars