Sociology Chapter 17 Vocab

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Sociology Chapter 17 Vocab
2013-12-16 12:13:37

Vocab for Chapter 17
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  1. acculturation
    the transmission of culture from one generation to the next
  2. education
    a formal system of teaching, knowledge, values, and skills
  3. mandatory education laws
    laws that require all children to attend school until a specified age or until their complete a minimum grade in school
  4. manifest functions
    intended beneficial consequences of people's actions
  5. latent functions
    unintended beneficial consequences of people's actions
  6. credential society
    the use of diplomas and degrees to determine who is eligible for jobs, even though the diploma or degree may be irrelevant to the actual work
  7. cultural transmission
    in reference to education, the ways in which schools transmit a society's culture, especially its core values
  8. mainstreaming
    helping people to become part of the mainstream of society
  9. gatekeeping
    the process by which education opens and closes doors of opportunity; another term for the social placement function of education
  10. tracking
    the sorting of students into different educational programs on the basis of real or perceived abilities
  11. social placement
    a function of education that funnels people into a society's various positions
  12. hidden curriculum
    the unwritten goals of schools, such as obedience to authority and conformity to cultural norms
  13. correspondence principle
    the sociological principle that schools correspond to (or reflect) the social structure of society
  14. self-fulfilling prophecy
    robert merton's term for an originally false assertion that becomes true simply because it was predicted
  15. grade inflation
    higher grades given for the same work; a general rise in students grades without a corresponding increase in learning or test scores
  16. social promotion
    passing students to the next grade even though they have not mastered basic materials
  17. functional illiterate
    a higher school graduate who has difficulty with basic reading and math
  18. school choice
    parents being able to choose the school their child will attend; often used in the context of expecting for profit schools to compete for vouchers issued by the state