General Psychology Module 37-46 Unit 5 Exam Review

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david20x6
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General Psychology Module 37-46 Unit 5 Exam Review
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2013-12-17 20:47:25
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psychology
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Review for the Unit 5 Exam
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  1. Abnormal Behavior
    Behavior that causes people to experience distress and prevents them from functioning in their daily lives. it is culture dependent
  2. How does labeling of disorders change people's behavior?
    1. promotes research studies of psychological disorders 2. may create preconceptions that bias people's perceptions 3. may influence behavior by creating self-fulfilling prophecies
  3. psychological disorder
    a significant dysfunction in an individual's cognitions, emotions, or behaviors
  4. what are the perspectives on psychological disorders
    medical, psychoanalytic, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic, sociocultural
  5. altruism
    unselfish regard for the welfare of other people; helping and protecting others without need for personal gain, doing it because it is the right thing to do
  6. prejudice
    an unjustified attitude, usually negative toward a group and its members
  7. aggression
    behavior with the intent of harming another person. can be phsyical, verbal, or relational. it can be planned or reactive. it can be driven by hostile rage or coldly calculated
  8. discrimination
    unjustified behavior selectively applied to members of a group
  9. dissociative disorder
    dysfunction and distress caused by chronic and severe dissociation. ex. dissociative fugue state or dissociative identity disorder
  10. social phobia
    intense fear of being scrutinized by others
  11. OCD
    a disorder characterized by repetitive thoughts and actions
  12. panic attack
    sudden escalation of anxiety often accompanied by a sensation of choking or other physical symptoms
  13. dissociative identity disorder
    formerly called multiple personality disorder
  14. phobia
    an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation
  15. panic disorder
    an anxiety disorder marked by episodes of intense dread
  16. antisocial personality
    an individual who seems to have no conscience
  17. agoraphobia
    an anxiety disorder characterized by anxiety in situations where the sufferer perceives the environment to be difficult or embarrassing to escape, such as wide-open spaces
  18. anorexia nervosa
    a compulsion to lose weight, couple with certainty about being fat despite being 15% or more underweight
  19. What percentage of americans suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder?
    26%
  20. When do most psychological disorders appear?
    early childhood
  21. What are the possible signs of depression?
    lethargy, feeling worthless, loss of interest
  22. True/False mood disorders don't tend to be genetic
    false
  23. True/False DSM IV is not a reliable source
    False
  24. Medical model
    views psychological disorders as a sickness that's treatable
  25. cognitive behavioral therapy
    works to change both cognitions and behaviors that are a part of a mental health disorder
  26. Who was Carl Rogers?
    Humanistic therapist associated with client centered therapy
  27. Humanistic therapy
    attempt to support personal growth by helping people gain self-awareness and self-acceptance
  28. behavior therapy
    uses the principles of learning (classical and operant conditioning) to help reduce unwanted responses. this may include addictions, emotions, or panic.
  29. family therapy
    having a session with the whole family, at home or in the office, allows therapist to work on the family system, that is the family's patterns of alliances, authority, and communication. ex. couple/marital therapy
  30. aggression
    behavior with the intent of harming others
  31. friendship predictors
    most powerful predictor of friendship is physical proximity
  32. eating disorders
    anorexia nervosa, bulimia, binge-eating disorder
  33. True/False Abnormal behavior is culture dependent
    true
  34. labeling of disorders
    promotes research studies of psychological disorders, may create preconceptions that bias people's perceptions, may influence behavior by creating self-fulfilling prophecies
  35. generalized anxiety disorder
    painful worrying
  36. panic disorder
    fear of the next attack
  37. phobias
    don't even show me a picture
  38. OCD
    I know it doesn't make sense, but I can't help it
  39. PTSD
    stuck re-experiencing traums
  40. causes of anxiety disorders
    fear conditioning, observational learning, genetic/evolutionary dispositions, brain involvement
  41. operant conditioning
    the shaping of chosen behavior in response to the consequences of the behavior
  42. token economy
    uses coins, stars, or other indirect rewards as tokens that can be collected and traded later for real rewards
  43. classical conditioning - aversive conditioning
    when a person has been conditioned to have a positive association with a drug; can associate the drug with a negative response
  44. eating disorders and metabolic factors
    involve unrealistic body image and extreme body ideal, a desire to control food and the body when one's situation can't be controlled, cycles of depression, and health problems

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