Psychology Exam 4
Card Set Information
Psychology Exam 4
Terms for exam 4
What were the historical interpretations of abnormalities?
They were witches, or under a spell, or the Gods were punishing them
What are some risk factors associated with abnormalities?
Biological, psychological, family, and social
DSM Level of Functioning
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Includes levels of functioning based on a scale from superior to severely disturbed.
Family System Perspective
Views families as inextricably interconnected
How the world treats someone who is mentally ill (i.e. Denying a job or housing, or being accused of a crime they didn't commit).
Abnormality and violence
People who are violent are said to be mainly abnormal
A severe mental disorder characterized by a retreat from reality, hallucinations, and delusions, and by social withdrawal. (Schizophrenia and Delusional Disorders)
Major disturbances in mood or emotion. (Depression or Mania)
Disruptive feelings of fear, apprehension, or anxiety, or distortions in behavior that are anxiety related. (PTSD or OCD)
A maladaptive personality pattern. (Paranoid, Dependent, or Antisocial)
Physical symptoms that mimic disease or injury for which there is no identifiable physical cause. (Thinking you are blind when you aren't)
Temporary amnesia, multiple personality, or depersonalization. (When people feel outside their body or lost in a dream)
Any of a wide range of difficulties with sexual identity, deviant sexual behavior, or sexual adjustment. (Pedophilia or Fetishism)
Substance Abuse Disorder
Abuse of or dependence on a mood- or behavior-altering drug. (Cocaine, alcohol, and nicotine)
An imaginary sensation, such as seeing, hearing, or smelling something that isn't there.
Delusions and its 5 types
A false belief held against all contrary evidence. Depressive, Somatic, Grandeur, Influence, Persecution, and Reference.
A psychosis characterized by delusions, hallucinations, apathy, and a "split" between thought and emotion.
A state of despondency marked by feeling powerless, worthless, pessimist, or hopeless.
Emotional excitability, manic moods or behavior, and excessive activity.
Major Depressive Disorder
When a person suffers one or more intense episodes of depression.
Moderate depression that persists for two or more years.
Emotional disorders involving both depression and mania or hypomania.
Apprehension, dread, or uneasiness similar to fear but based on an unclear threat.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
A chronic state of tension and worry about work, relationships, ability, or impending disaster.
A fear that persists even when no realistic danger exists.
A psychiatric disorder in which debilitating anxiety and fear arise frequently and without reasonable cause.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
An extreme preoccupation with certain thoughts and compulsive performance of certain behavior.
A psychological disturbance lasting more than one month following stresses that would produce anxiety in anyone who experienced them.
Lack confidence and are extremely submissive and dependent on others.
Dramatic and flamboyant; exaggerate your emotions to get attention.
Think you are wonderful, brilliant, important, and worthy of constant admiration.
Irresponsible, lack guilt or remorse, and engage in antisocial behavior, such as aggression, deceit, or reckless.
Demand order, perfection, control, and rigid routine at all times.
Feel very little emotion and can't form close personal relationships with others.
Timid, uncomfortable in social situations, and fear evaluation.
Self-image, moods, and impulses are erratic, and you are extremely sensitive to any hint of criticism, rejection, or abandonment by others.
Deeply distrust others and are suspiciousness of their motives, which you perceive as insulting or threatening.
A loner, you engage in extremely odd behavior, and your thought patterns are bizarre, but you are not actively psychotic.
Client Centered Therapy
Nondirective therapy based on insights gained from conscious thought and feelings.
Expectations of therapy
That it will change a person for the better.
Cognitive Emotive Behavior Therapy
An approach that states the irrational beliefs may cause emotional problems and that such beliefs must be changed or abandoned.
Suppressing an undesirable response by associating it with aversive stimuli.
When a fear is concurred.
Deep Brain Stimulation
Small shocks are given to the thalamus to render some parts of the brain inactive.
Are medications overprescribed?
Id, Ego, and Superego
Id is the primitive part of personality, Ego is the executive part that directs rational behavior, and Superego is a judge or censor for thoughts and actions.