Psychology Exam 4

Card Set Information

Psychology Exam 4
2013-12-17 14:32:35
Psychology Exam

Terms for exam 4
Show Answers:

  1. What were the historical interpretations of abnormalities?
    They were witches, or under a spell, or the Gods were punishing them
  2. What are some risk factors associated with abnormalities?
    Biological, psychological, family, and social
  3. DSM Level of Functioning
    Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Includes levels of functioning based on a scale from superior to severely disturbed.
  4. Family System Perspective
    Views families as inextricably interconnected
  5. Social Stigma
    How the world treats someone who is mentally ill (i.e. Denying a job or housing, or being accused of a crime they didn't commit).
  6. Abnormality and violence
    People who are violent are said to be mainly abnormal
  7. Psychological Disorders
    A severe mental disorder characterized by a retreat from reality, hallucinations, and delusions, and by social withdrawal. (Schizophrenia and Delusional Disorders)
  8. Mood Disorders
    Major disturbances in mood or emotion. (Depression or Mania)
  9. Anxiety Disorders
    Disruptive feelings of fear, apprehension, or anxiety, or distortions in behavior that are anxiety related. (PTSD or OCD)
  10. Personality Disorders
    A maladaptive personality pattern. (Paranoid, Dependent, or Antisocial)
  11. Somatoform Disorders
    Physical symptoms that mimic disease or injury for which there is no identifiable physical cause. (Thinking you are blind when you aren't)
  12. Dissociative Disorders
    Temporary amnesia, multiple personality, or depersonalization. (When people feel outside their body or lost in a dream)
  13. Sexual/Gender Disorder
    Any of a wide range of difficulties with sexual identity, deviant sexual behavior, or sexual adjustment. (Pedophilia or Fetishism)
  14. Substance Abuse Disorder
    Abuse of or dependence on a mood- or behavior-altering drug. (Cocaine, alcohol, and nicotine)
  15. Hallucinations
    An imaginary sensation, such as seeing, hearing, or smelling something that isn't there.
  16. Delusions and its 5 types
    A false belief held against all contrary evidence. Depressive, Somatic, Grandeur, Influence, Persecution, and Reference.
  17. Schizophrenia
    A psychosis characterized by delusions, hallucinations, apathy, and a "split" between thought and emotion.
  18. Depression Episodes
    A state of despondency marked by feeling powerless, worthless, pessimist, or hopeless.
  19. Manic Episodes
    Emotional excitability, manic moods or behavior, and excessive activity.
  20. Major Depressive Disorder
    When a person suffers one or more intense episodes of depression.
  21. Dysthymia
    Moderate depression that persists for two or more years.
  22. Bipolar Disorder
    Emotional disorders involving both depression and mania or hypomania.
  23. Anxiety
    Apprehension, dread, or uneasiness similar to fear but based on an unclear threat.
  24. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    A chronic state of tension and worry about work, relationships, ability, or impending disaster.
  25. Phobias
    A fear that persists even when no realistic danger exists.
  26. Panic Disorder
    A psychiatric disorder in which debilitating anxiety and fear arise frequently and without reasonable cause.
  27. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
    An extreme preoccupation with certain thoughts and compulsive performance of certain behavior.
  28. PTSD
    A psychological disturbance lasting more than one month following stresses that would produce anxiety in anyone who experienced them.
  29. Dependent
    Lack confidence and are extremely submissive and dependent on others.
  30. Histrionic
    Dramatic and flamboyant; exaggerate your emotions to get attention.
  31. Narcissistic
    Think you are wonderful, brilliant, important, and worthy of constant admiration.
  32. Antisocial
    Irresponsible, lack guilt or remorse, and engage in antisocial behavior, such as aggression, deceit, or reckless.
  33. OCPD
    Demand order, perfection, control, and rigid routine at all times.
  34. Schizoid
    Feel very little emotion and can't form close personal relationships with others.
  35. Avoidant
    Timid, uncomfortable in social situations, and fear evaluation.
  36. Borderline
    Self-image, moods, and impulses are erratic, and you are extremely sensitive to any hint of criticism, rejection, or abandonment by others.
  37. Paranoid
    Deeply distrust others and are suspiciousness of their motives, which you perceive as insulting or threatening.
  38. Schizotypal
    A loner, you engage in extremely odd behavior, and your thought patterns are bizarre, but you are not actively psychotic.
  39. Client Centered Therapy
    Nondirective therapy based on insights gained from conscious thought and feelings.
  40. Expectations of therapy
    That it will change a person for the better.
  41. Cognitive Emotive Behavior Therapy
    An approach that states the irrational beliefs may cause emotional problems and that such beliefs must be changed or abandoned.
  42. Aversion Therapy
    Suppressing an undesirable response by associating it with aversive stimuli.
  43. Desensitization
    When a fear is concurred.
  44. Deep Brain Stimulation
    Small shocks are given to the thalamus to render some parts of the brain inactive.
  45. Are medications overprescribed?
  46. Id, Ego, and Superego
    Id is the primitive part of personality, Ego is the executive part that directs rational behavior, and Superego is a judge or censor for thoughts and actions.