f&e

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Author:
lovezchoclabs
ID:
253496
Filename:
f&e
Updated:
2013-12-16 19:21:34
Tags:
fluid electrolytes
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Description:
f&e
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  1. —What types of S&S would you see
    in a client experiencing fluid volume overload?
    Bounding pulse, inc. BP, JVD, pitting edema, change in LOC, seizure activity
  2. —H2O makes up how much of the adult
    total body weight?
    60%
  3. —Excessive diarrhea or renal failure will cause what acid-base imbalance?
    K+
  4. —Name the 2 systems responsible for controlling pH
    resp/renal
  5. —HCO3 is regulated by which organ system?
    kidneys
  6. co2 is regulated by which organ?
    resp
  7. —Dec. CO2 or Inc HCO3
    alk
  8. These IV solutions are?
    —0.9% NS
    —D5W
    —Lactated Ringers
    isotonic= same as body flds
  9. The primary intracellular cation excreted by the kidneys and absorbed in the GI tract
    K+
  10. —What glands are the major
    regulators of fluid balance?
    Ant pit., adrenal
  11. —Major extracellular anion that
    regulates vascular volume and maintains acidity of gastric secretions.
    Cl-
  12. —Abnormal swelling
    caused by excess fluid in the abdomen
    ascites
  13. —What are the steps to intervening
    in FVE?
    • Dly weight, strict I&O, fld restict,
    • NA restrict, inc. mobility, monitor K (ICF) Na (ECF) teaching
  14. —What are the S&S of a patient
    experiencing FVD?
    • Flushed dry skin, dark urine, dry muc
    • membranes, weak thready
    • pulse, low bp
  15. —The major intracellular anion in
    body cells.  An essential component of
    bone (85%)
    phos
  16. An element lacking in a diet of a vegetarian?
    Fe
  17. IV solutions
    D5LR
    D5NS
    D51/2NS
    Hypertonic, osmo > body flds more solutes
  18. —Cation present mainly in bones and teeth
    Ca
  19. —Intracellular cation essential for neuro-chem. Transmission and muscular activity. PTH regulates absorption and secretion
    Mg2+

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