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What types of S&S would you see
in a client experiencing fluid volume overload?
Bounding pulse, inc. BP, JVD, pitting edema, change in LOC, seizure activity
H2O makes up how much of the adult
total body weight?
Excessive diarrhea or renal failure will cause what acid-base imbalance?
Name the 2 systems responsible for controlling pH
HCO3 is regulated by which organ system?
co2 is regulated by which organ?
Dec. CO2 or Inc HCO3
These IV solutions are?
isotonic= same as body flds
The primary intracellular cation excreted by the kidneys and absorbed in the GI tract
What glands are the major
regulators of fluid balance?
Ant pit., adrenal
Major extracellular anion that
regulates vascular volume and maintains acidity of gastric secretions.
caused by excess fluid in the abdomen
What are the steps to intervening
- Dly weight, strict I&O, fld restict,
- NA restrict, inc. mobility, monitor K (ICF) Na (ECF) teaching
What are the S&S of a patient
- Flushed dry skin, dark urine, dry muc
- membranes, weak thready
- pulse, low bp
The major intracellular anion in
body cells. An essential component of
An element lacking in a diet of a vegetarian?
Hypertonic, osmo > body flds more solutes
Cation present mainly in bones and teeth
Intracellular cation essential for neuro-chem. Transmission and muscular activity. PTH regulates absorption and secretion