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is a normal reaction to stress. It becomes a problem when it becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations
–Generalized anxiety disorder
–Post traumatic stress disorder
–Social anxiety disorder
•Clinical depression (feeling down for a lengthy period)
•SAD (seasonal affective disorder)
•Bi-polar disorder (a.k.a., manic depression)
•Postpartum Depression (baby blues)
•Suicide by a family member or friend
•Readily available means of committing suicide
•History of substance abuse or eating disorders
•Serious medical problems
•Expressing the ‘wish’ to be dead
•Increasing social withdrawal/isolation
•Sudden inexplicable lightening of mood
•Previous history of attempts
Recognizing the Warning Signs of Suicide
–licensed social workers
Management ofPsychological Disorders
Delay 1st use
Smoking cessation lowers the risk for lung and other types of cancer.7 The risk for developing cancer declines with the number of years of smoking cessation.7,8
Risk for coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease is reduced after smoking cessation.7,8 Coronary heart disease risk is substantially reduced within 1 to 2 years of cessation.8
Health Benefits of Cessation
It takes the average person seven quit attempts to finally be successful.
lEliminate exposure to second-hand smoke
lDeveloping and advancing policy
–Average state tax per pack of cigarettes
lAcute risks: shortness of breath, exacerbation of asthma, increased carbon monoxide levels, impotence, and infertility
lLong-term risks: heart attacks and strokes, lung and other cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, death
lThe adverse health effects from cigarette smoking account for 440,000 deaths, or nearly 1 of every 5 deaths, each year in the United States.
lMore deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by all deaths from HIV, illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, suicides, and murders combined.
Health Effects of Tobacco Use
One can of Copenhagen is equal to
three packs of cigarettes
lDecide for yourself
lSet a date
lChoose your method
lChange your habitsDon’t quit quitting
How to Quit
Where is CROSSROADS located?
¡Any substance or activity that becomes the focus of a person’s life at the expense of other needs and interests
¡Addictiveness has two characteristics:
§How quickly can you get addicted
§How difficult is it to quit
A compelling need to perform the behavior, obsessive planning for the next opportunity to perform it
some aspect of the behavior produces pleasurable physical and/or emotional states and relieves negative ones
Loss of control
Characteristics of addictive behaviors
¡Characteristics of individual
¡The behavior/substance being used
¡Age at first use
Things that affect addiction:
Which of these is a depressant?
¡Includes alcohol, Rohypnol, GHB, tranquilizers, sedatives, Valium, Xanax, Amytal, Phenobarbital
What is the most commonly used date rape drug?
What is the best food to eat before drinking
How long does your body take to fully process one drink?
Which of these is NOT a risk of opiate use?
1.Life-threatening withdrawal symptoms
3 dimensions of health
•A state of optimal personal, interpersonal, and environmental well-being (book)
•Heredity…genetic background; inherited factors that may contribute to disease
•Environment…physical and psychosocial surroundings
•Health care services…cost and availability
Major influences on health
•Precontemplation: you have no intention of changing the behavior
•Contemplation: you intend to take action within the next 6 months
•Preparation: you plan to take action in the next month
•Action: you are outwardly changing the behavior
•Maintenance: you have successfully changed the behavior for more than 6 months
•Termination: you are no longer tempted to lapse back into your old habits
stages of change