Anthropology Test III

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Oddishii
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Anthropology Test III
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2013-12-16 22:48:45
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poop Anthropology Bruscia Grade 11 HSP3U
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  1. What is a group?
    • Two or more people who 
    • interact regularly and influence each other
    • believe they have something in common
    • have an informal or formal social structure with leaders/followers
    • have a group consensus on certain values
  2. Name four characteristics of a group
    • interact regularly and influence each other
    • believe they have something in common
    • have an informal or formal social structure with leaders/followers
    • have a group consensus on certain values
    • ---
    • interact 
    • common
    • structure
    • consensus
  3. What does aggregate mean?
    A collection of people who interact briefly and have very little influence
  4. What is a primary group?
    • Small, emotionally close interdependent group
    • Members see each other often, know each other well and value each other as a whole
  5. Small, emotionally close interdependent group
    Members see each other often, know each other well and value each other as a whole
    Primary group
  6. What is a secondary group?
    A larger, more impersonal group with limited info, dependence, or interest from its members except for their contribution to group goals
  7. A larger, more impersonal group with limited info, dependence, or interest from its members except for their contribution to group goals
    Secondary group
  8. What are the three ways groups influence behavior?
    Roles, norms, sanctions
  9. What's a role?
    Role expectations
  10. What's a norm?
    Certain guidelines of behaviour
  11. What are types of norms?
    Mores and folkways
  12. Mores and folkways
    Types of norms
  13. What's a more?
    Morals - values that are never broken
  14. What's a folkway?
    Everyday habits
  15. What's a sanction?
    Punishments and rewards given to individuals to ensure they follow the rules of a group
  16. What are the types of sanctions?
    • Informal sanction - smile/frowm
    • Formal sanction - official public rewards
  17. What is conformity?
    Action according with prevailing social standard
  18. Who did the 1971 prison experiment?
    Zimbardo
  19. Who did the 1960 shock experiment?
    Milgrim
  20. Who did the 1951 Asch Experiment
    Asch
  21. What happened in the Zimbardo experiment?
    • Makeshift prison for two weeks
    • Male university people asked to be prisonersd or guards
    • No physical pain, but mental!!!!
    • Lasted six days bc insanity
  22. What mental tactics were used in the Zimbardo experiment?
    • Sleeping without bed
    • Toilet cleaning with tooth brushes
    • Eat soiled food
    • Physical activity
    • Defecate in buckets
    • Polish guards shoes
    • Solitary confinement
    • Humiliation
    • Divide and conquer
  23. What was the worst mental tactic used in the Zimbardo experiment?
    Divide and conquer
  24. Why does the Zimbardo experiment relate to conformity?
    Lost identity and conformed to roles
  25. What happened in the 1960 Milgrim experiment?
    Teachers and learners (confederates)

    Shocks up to 450 V
  26. What is the word for someone in on the experiment?
    Confederate
  27. How is the 1960 Milgrim experiment related to conformity?
    65% of the teachers administered the highest shock because they weren't responsible if anything should happena dn listen to authoritative figure
  28. What percentage administered 450 V?
    65%
  29. What happened in the modern day Milgrim experiment?
    150 V administered by men and women
  30. Who conducted the modern day Milgrim experiment?
    Dr. Berger
  31. What experiment did Dr. Berger administer?
    Modern Milgrim
  32. What were the results of the modenr day Milgrim experiment?
    • 65% men [18 men]
    • 73% [22 women]
  33. What happened in the 1951 Asch experiment?
    One subject, 7 confederates in the same room, pick line. Confederates answered incorrectly
  34. What were the results in the 1951 Asch experiment?
    32% of the subjects gave wrong answer
  35. Name the percentages for the conformity experiments
    • 65%
    • 65% & 73%
    • 32%
  36. What is bystander apathy?
    The mere presence of other predicts a lower frequency of helping behaviour
  37. What happened to Kitty Genovese in 1964?
    YELLED FOR HELP BUT NO ONE DID SMAKES
  38. What is deviance?
    Deviating/departing from norm
  39. Deviating/departing from norm
    Deviation
  40. Why do we conform? (5)
    • Fear of punishment
    • Need to belong
    • Belief in authority
    • Desire to please
    • Evolutionary

    Please punish authority to belong to evolution
  41. What is the 1968 Latane and Darley experiment?
    • Male undergrads invited to discuss problems at Urban University
    • Filled questionnaire, smoke
  42. What year is the Latane and Darley experiment?
    1968
  43. In the Latane and Darley experiment, how percentage reported the smoke when alone?
    75%
  44. In the Latane and Darley experiment, how percentage reported the smoke with others?
    Fewer than 10%
  45. What is a crowd?
    A group of people temporarily gathered together
  46. What;s a casual crowd?
    People minding their business
  47. People minding their business
    Casual crowd
  48. What's an expressive crowd?
    Showing feelings i.e. sport
  49. What are the three types of crowds?
    Casual, expressive, acting
  50. What's an acting crowd?
    Doing physical activity, has goals, tries to change
  51. What are the two types of acting crowds?
    • Mob - organized
    • Riot - unorganized
  52. What happened with Jim Jones?
    • Jim Jones' father was in the KKK. He formed his own church. Things were ok until he was like
    • devote everything to me
    • call me ur Father
    • Colected moneys
    • Feared holocaust
    • Established People's Temple
    • Marathon services
    • Inform on family members
    • Sexual
    • Took people to Guyana Killer Kool Aid
  53. Who is the leader of scientology?
    Ron Hubbard
  54. What is a cult?
    A group devoted to a person, ideal, or fad
  55. Name five characteristics of cults
    • Chosen ones
    • True knowledge and superior
    • Us vs them
    • Accumulate wealth for leader
    • Manipulate lives
  56. What is the structure of a cult? [3]
    • Charismatic leader with ultimate wisdom
    • Authoritative power structure
    • Rigid boudaries
  57. Name some psychological brainwashing techniques
    • Isolation
    • Change of diet
    • Peer pressure
    • Love bomb
    • removal of privacy
    • Sleep deprivation
    • Games
    • Metacommunication
    • Confusing doctrine
    • Reject old values
    • Confession
    • Guilt
    • Fear
    • Chanting and singing
    • Disinhibition
    • No questions
    • Hypnosis
    • Controlled approval
    • Dress
    • Flaunting hierarchy
    • Finger pointing
    • Replace relationships
    • Financial commitment
  58. What is a stereotype?
    A simplified belief about members of a social group
  59. A simplified belief about members of a social group
    Stereotype
  60. What are the four compliance techniques? Describe
    • Foot in the foor - say yes first tine, say yes again
    • Low balling - start low, make them love it
    • Door in the face- start big
    • That's not all, folks - Vine vera
  61. What happened in Eye of the Storm
    • Teacher in Riceville, Iowa - Jane Elliot, divided kids by eye colour
    • Kids have longer recesses and some cant use fountains
  62. In Eye of the Storm what happened to the group of students using the card pack from one day to the next?
    • They became superior and got through pack quicker - 2.5 minutes
    • Inferior, took longer - 5.5 minutes

    self fulfilling prophecy
  63. What is prejudice?
    Negative opinions or judgments made before facts known
  64. Negative opinions or judgments made before facts known
    Prejudice
  65. What is discrimination?
    Acting on prejudice
  66. Acting on prejudice
    Discrimination
  67. Name the four types of discrimination
    Annihilation, expulsion, segregation, and inequality of resources and opportunities
  68. What is annihilation?
    Complete destruction
  69. What is expulsion?
    Denying a certain group membership in society
  70. What is segregation?
    Minority groups live separate
  71. What is inequality of resources and opportunities
    Denying resources
  72. Denying resources
    Inequality of resources and opportunities
  73. Complete destruction
    Annihilation
  74. Denying a certain group membership in society
    Expulsion
  75. Segregation
    Minority groups live separate
  76. What happened in the Clark Doll experiment 1939?
    Black children call themselves bad - self fulfilling prophecy
  77. What happened in the Clark Doll experiment 2010?
    • CNN invited 133 black and white children from urban and rural areas in NY and Georgia. 
    • Two age groups: early childhood and middle childhood
    • 22 questiond to drawings
    • All bias to each other
  78. What happened in Milgrim's last letter experiment
    • 400 sealed envelopes
    • return medical research 72%, personal letter 71% 
    • 40% Communist, 32% Nazi, 25% Medical Research, and 10% Walter opened
    • Prejudice exists
  79. What is racial profiling?
    Any action undertaken for reasons of safety that relies on stereotypes to single out an individual for greater scrutiny or different treament
  80. Any action undertaken for reasons of safety that relies on stereotypes to single out an individual for greater scrutiny or different treament
    Racial profiling
  81. Why do we communicate? (4)
    • Physical - survival
    • Social - belong to group
    • Ego - belong as individual
    • Feedback

    Elisa sucks Peter's Furby
  82. What is communication?
    Giving, exchanging, or passing along info
  83. Giving, exchanging, or passing along info
    Communication
  84. How do we spend our communication time?
    70%

    • 16 reading
    • 9 writing
    • 30 talking
    • 45 listening
  85. Diagram of speech
    • send message
    • receive message
    • clarify
    • confirm
  86. What is two way communication?
    Speaker and listener interact
  87. Speaker and listener interact
    Two way communication
  88. What is one way communication?
    One person in favour - speaker
  89. One person in favour - speaker
    One way communication
  90. What are the different communication types? (4)
    • Outspoken/direct
    • Quiet/reserved
    • Thoughtful/analytical
    • Friendly/unassuring
  91. What are the laws of forgetting?
    • Forget 50%
    • 65% forgotten in two months
    • 25% remembered, 60% is correct
  92. Attention span average
    10 seconds
  93. Communication factors (6)
    • Speaker
    • Listener
    • Message
    • Feedback
    • Noise
    • Medium

    Sanchez Likes Meeting F
  94. What is speech?
    Anything out of your mouth
  95. Anything out of your mouth
    Speech
  96. What is language?
    Written
  97. Written
    Language
  98. What is communication?
    Everything else
  99. How is non-verbal communication divided?
    • 38% intonation
    • 7% verbal
    • 55% non verbal

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