REL-1101 Final

The flashcards below were created by user aditisweetie on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Diaspora
    A dispersion of a people from their original homeland. The dispersion of Jews outside of Israel from the sixth century B.C., when they were exiled to Babylonia, until the present time.
  2. What are Abrahamic religions?
    These people recognize Abraham as an important person. The best known and probably most popular Abrahamic religions are Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
  3. What is the Torah?
    Torah is a Hebrew word that means "instructions". When most people say the word Torah they are either referring to the whole Jewish Bible, the Tanakh, the first 5 books of the bible or all of the Jewish teaching in general.

    These five books are the beginning of both Jewish and Christian holy writings.

    • The five books are:
    • Genesis
    • Exodus
    • Leviticus
    • Numbers
    • Deuteronomy
  4. Ten Commandments? Moses?
    • The Ten Commandments, according to the book of Exodus in the Bible, are rules for life given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai
    • to give to the People of Israel.

    • Moses is a person in Abrahamic religions.
    • He was a religious leader, lawgiver, and prophet according to the Hebrew Bible.
    • Generally, he is also seen as the author of the Torah. He is often seen as the
    • most important prophet in Judaism. Christianity and Islam also see him as an
    • important prophet. Moses has also been an important symbol in American history,
    • from the first settlers up until the present.

    • According to the Book of Exodus, Moses was
    • born in a time when his people were increasing in number and the Egyptian
    • Pharaoh was worried that they might help Egypt's enemies. Moses' Hebrew mother,
    • Jochebed, hid him when the Pharaoh ordered all newborn Hebrew boys to be
    • killed, and he ended up being adopted into the Egyptian royal family. After
    • killing an Egyptian slave-master, Moses fled across the Red Sea to Midian where
    • he tended the flocks of Jethro, a priest of Midian on the slopes of Mt. Horeb.
    • After the Ten Plagues were unleashed on Egypt, Moses led the Hebrew people out of
    • Egypt, across the Red Sea, where they based themselves at Horeb and compassed
    • the borders of Edom. It was at this time that Moses received the Ten
    • Commandments. Despite living to the age of 120, Moses died before reaching the
    • Land of Israel.
  5. How many temples were built in Jerusalem? What
    happened to them?
    Two – Babylonians and the Romans. They were burned.
  6. Who were the three major leadership groups of
    the Jews at the time of Jesus? What was the life of a 1st century
    Jew like, in terms of hardship?
  7. Synoptic Gospels
    The gospels of Matthew, Mark & Luke. They included many of the same stories, often in a similar sequence and in similar wording. They stand in contrast to John, whose content is comparatively distinct.
  8. Heresies
    in the early Christian Church
    • a.      
    • Gnostic: If you believe that this is
    • secret knowledge about salvation that only true believers can discern.

    • b.     
    • Marcionite: If you believe that there is
    • no connection between the God of the Jews and the God of Christians.

    • c.      
    • Montanist: If you believe in the nearness
    • of the Second Coming, feel a part of a spiritual elite under the direct
    • guidance of the Holy Spirit, and adhere to a strict asceticism.

    • d.     
    • Manichaean: If you believe that the world
    • is strictly divided into good and evil and that all matter and things of the
    • flesh are evil.

    • i.     
    • AND, if you find it difficult to accept the full
    • humanity of Christ – bodily desires, emotions, urges, and so on – or the basic
    • good in humanity.

    • e.     
    • Novatian: If you believe that certain
    • sins are not forgivable regardless of the sinner’s contrition.

    • f.       
    • Nestorian: If you do not believe that
    • Christ was fully human and fully divine.

    • g.      
    • Monophysite: If you deny the humanity of
    • Christ by holding that he has only one divine nature.

    • h.     
    • Iconoclast: If you have an aversion to
    • sacred object and consider adoration before religious icon pagan or
    • superstitious.

    • i.        
    • Fideist: If you believe that it is by
    • faith alone that we receive God’s salvation.

    • j.       
    • Rationalist: If you deny that God is
    • revealed in human history or do not accept that there is a divine order to the
    • universe.
  9. What is the papacy?
    • The papacy has a spiritual and institutional
    • meaning in the Catholic Church and an historical meaning.

    • When used in the context of the Catholic
    • Church, the papacy refers to the office of pope, the successor of St. Peter,
    • and the authority that the pope exercises in that office.

    • When used historically, the papacy often
    • refers to a particular pope’s time in office, or the religious and cultural
    • force of the Catholic Church down through history.
  10. Christian monasticism and its effect on Europe
    During the Protestant Reformation in Germany, Martin Luther led a group of people to see the shortcomings of the Catholic Church in that they were selling indulgences and salvation to their people.
  11. What are the 3 main branches of Christianity?
    Describe the various splits in its history and why they happened
    • a.      
    • Catholic Church

    • b.     
    • Eastern Orthodox Church

    • c.      
    • Protestantism

    • The
    • Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox patriarchates split from one another in the
    • schism of the 11th century, and Protestantism came into existence during the
    • Reformation of the 16th century, splitting from the Roman Catholic Church.
  12. 1.      
    The 5 pillars of Islam
    • a.      
    • Confession of one’s faith in God and in his
    • prophet Muhammad

    • b.     
    • Prayer (Salah)

    • c.      
    • Fasting (Sawm)

    • d.     
    • Almsgiving (Zakat)

    Pilgrimage (Haji)
  13. The Qur’an
    • The Qur’an consist of 112 sutras (or chapters),
    • revealed to the prophet verbatim in a series of divine encounters over a period
    • of some 22 years.
  14. The Prophet Muhammad
    The man whose mission and teaching gave rise to the Islmic faith, was born in Mecca (modern-day Saudia Arabia) around 570. At 40, in a cave above Mecca, he had a mystical experience which became the defining moment of his life, leading him to believe that he was being summoned to proclaim the word of a singular, all-powerful God, whose name in the Islamic tradition is Allah. His message was questioned since they were not a monotheistic society at the time.
  15. Ramadan
    The holy festival that occupies the whole of the 9th month of the Islamic calendar where adult muslims embark on an intensive spiritual regimen of purification, fasting, and reflection between sunrise and sunset. No eating, drinking, smoking, or sexual relations and are encocuraged to read the Qur’an.
  16. Sunni, Shi’a and Sufism
    • Sunni: 90% of muslims; Muhammad was not a
    • successor;

    • Shi’a: 10% of muslims; Muhammad was a
    • successor

    Sufism: Derived from Sunni muslims
  17. Mosque, Iman, and call to prayer
    Mosque: Place of muslim worship

    • Iman: “Belief of faith” – strength of
    • conviction in a muslim

    • Call to prayer: Adhan – called out 5 times a
    • day
  18. From film, “Gattaca” is there such an entity as
    the perfect human?
  19. Is there such a thing as absolute evil? Was Tom
    Ripley evil? Why or why not? Why be “good” if evil prevails/wins?
    Yes. Tom, Dickie, Marge
  20. Are there any similarities between “The Talented
    Mr. Ripley” and “Gattaca?”
    Greed. The desire to want what you don’t have.
  21. Think about the term “holy.” With what images is
    it associated? Some religious leaders equate holiness with wholeness. What does
    it mean to be an integrated person? Could Tom Ripley ever become holy?
    One is considered to be holy is they are religious and morally good. Sacred figures are associated with holiness. An integrated person is one who is holistic – they connect pieces of their life together to become wholly, good person. Tom Ripley could never be holy because he is not an integrated person. He has too many aspects of his life including is jealousy and greed that cause him to not ever be a holy person.
  22. What are some problems today with the dialogue
    between religion and science? Why could both have fundamentalist views?
    Religion and science are seen as separate and opposing viewpoints; many believe that you either follow the teachings of a religion or the beliefs of science, but not both.
Card Set
REL-1101 Final
Show Answers