Card Set Information
primarily glandular products that are currently obtained from animal sources
e.g; thyroid hormone
field of pharmacology that involves using living cells, usually altered cultures of Escherichia coli, to manufacture drugs
certain food substances
substances that under some conditions serve bth as foods and medical substances (i.e., vitamins and minerals in various foods.)
agents that may be made synthetically (e.g., sulfonamides, aspirin, sodium bicarbonate).
any substance used as medicine
(e.g., used to diagnose, cure, mitigate, treat, or prevent disease). Drugs include chemical substances, plant parts or products, animal products, and certain food substances.
broad term that includes the study of drugs and their actions in the body
art of preparing, compounding, and dispensing drugs for medical use.
plant parts or products
crude drugs that may be obtained from any part of various plats and used medicinally; leaves, bark, fruit, roots, rhizomes, resin, and other parts may be used (e.g., ergot, digitalis, opium).
science that deals with poisons-their detection and the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions caused by them.
combined effect of two drugs that is equal to the sum of the effects of each drug taken alone.
adverse or untoward effect
action, usually negative, that is different from the planned effect.
untoward reaction that develops after an individual has taken a drug
chemical compound that resembles another in structure but has different effects.
combined effect of two drugs that is less than the effect of either drug taken alone
formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either within an organism(in vivo) or in vitro by fragments of cells
decrease in activity of cells caused by the action of a drug
pertaining to the art or act of determining the nature of a patients disease
abnormal sensitivity to a drug or a reaction not intended
agent or measure that relieves symptoms
effect that occurs when a drug increases or prolongs the action of another drug, the total effect of being greater than the sum of the effects of each used alone.
agent or measure used to prevent disease
unpredictable effect that is not related to the main action of a drug
increase in the activity of cells produced by drugs
joint action of agents in which their combined effect is more intense or longer in duration than the sum of their individual effects
pertaining to treatment of disease
increasing resistance to the usual effects of an established dosage of a drug as a result of continued use.