Pharmacology: Chapter2

Card Set Information

Pharmacology: Chapter2
2013-12-17 23:45:18

chapter 2
Show Answers:

  1. animal products
    primarily glandular products that are currently obtained from animal sources

    e.g; thyroid hormone
  2. biotechnology
    field of pharmacology that involves using living cells, usually altered cultures of Escherichia coli, to manufacture drugs
  3. certain food substances
    substances that under some conditions serve bth as foods and medical substances (i.e., vitamins and minerals in various foods.)
  4. chemical substances
    agents that may be made synthetically (e.g., sulfonamides, aspirin, sodium bicarbonate).
  5. drug
    • any substance used as medicine
    • (e.g., used to diagnose, cure, mitigate, treat, or prevent disease). Drugs include chemical substances, plant parts or products, animal products, and certain food substances.
  6. phamacology
    broad term that includes the study of drugs and their actions in the body
  7. pharmacy
    art of preparing, compounding, and dispensing drugs for medical use.
  8. plant parts or products
    crude drugs that may be obtained from any part of various plats and used medicinally; leaves, bark, fruit, roots, rhizomes, resin, and other parts may be used (e.g., ergot, digitalis, opium).
  9. toxicology
    science that deals with poisons-their detection and the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions caused by them.
  10. additive alert
    combined effect of two drugs that is equal to the sum of the effects of each drug taken alone.
  11. adverse or untoward effect
    action, usually negative, that is different from the planned effect.
  12. allergic reaction
    untoward reaction that develops after an individual has taken a drug
  13. analog
    chemical compound that resembles another in structure but has different effects.
  14. antagonism
    combined effect of two drugs that is less than the effect of either drug taken alone
  15. biosynthesis
    formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either within an organism(in vivo) or in vitro by fragments of cells
  16. depression
    decrease in activity of cells caused by the action of a drug
  17. diagnostic
    pertaining to the art or act of determining the nature of a patients disease
  18. idiosyncrasy
    abnormal sensitivity to a drug or a reaction not intended
  19. palliative
    agent or measure that relieves symptoms
  20. potentiation
    effect that occurs when a drug increases or prolongs the action of another drug, the total effect of being greater than the sum of the effects of each used alone.
  21. prophylactic
    agent or measure used to prevent disease
  22. side effect
    unpredictable effect that is not related to the main action of a drug
  23. stimulation
    increase in the activity of cells produced by drugs
  24. synergism
    joint action of agents in which their combined effect is more intense or longer in duration than the sum of their individual effects
  25. therapeutic
    pertaining to treatment of disease
  26. tolerance
    increasing resistance to the usual effects of an established dosage of a drug as a result of continued use.