ARHS Final Exam

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ARHS Final Exam
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2013-12-16 23:58:40
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ARHS Exam 4
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  1. 291 Gallery
    291 is the commonly known name for an internationally famous art gallery that was located at 291 Fifth Avenue in New York City from 1905 to 1917. Originally known as the "Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession", the gallery was created and managed by photographer Alfred Stieglitz.
  2. Harlem Renaissance
    a cultural movement that spanned the 1920s. At the time, it was known as the "New Negro Movement", named after the 1925 anthology by Alain Locke. The Movement also included the new African-American cultural expressions across the urban areas in the Northeast and Midwest United States affected by the Great Migration (African American),[1] of which Harlem was the largest. Though it was centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City, in addition, many francophone black writers from African and Caribbean colonies who lived in Paris were also influenced by the Harlem Renaissance.
  3. Regionalists
    an American realist modern art movement that was popular during the 1930s. The artistic focus was from artists who shunned city life, and rapidly developing technological advances, to create scenes of rural life. Regionalist style was at its height from 1930 to 1935. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, Regionalist art was widely appreciated for its reassuring images of the American heartland.
  4. Hans Hofmann
    a German-born American abstract expressionist painter.
  5. New York School
    an informal group of American poets, painters, dancers, and musicians active in the 1950s, 1960s in New York City. The poets, painters, composers, dancers, and musicians often drew inspiration from Surrealism and the contemporary avant-garde art movements, in particular action painting, abstract expressionism, Jazz, improvisational theater, experimental music, and the interaction of friends in the New York City art world's vanguard circle
  6. All-over composition
    A style of painting in which the entire surface of the piece is worked on in a more or less uniform way, and the normal way of treating composition is not considered.  The term was originally used in response to Jackson Pollock's drip paintings
  7. Jungian psychology
    the psychological theories of Carl Jung
  8. Harold Rosenberg
    He coined the term Action Painting in 1952 for what was later to be known as abstract expressionism and was best known for his art criticism
  9. Action Painting
    sometimes called "gestural abstraction", is a style of painting in which paint is spontaneously dribbled, splashed or smeared onto the canvas, rather than being carefully applied.
  10. Clement Greenberg
    an American essayist known mainly as an influential visual art critic closely associated with American Modern art of the mid-20th century. In particular, he is best remembered for his promotion of the abstract expressionist movement and was among the first published critics to praise the work of painter Jackson Pollock.
  11. Formalism
    the study of art by analyzing and comparing form and style—the way objects are made and their purely visual aspects. In painting formalism emphasizes compositional elements such as color, line, shape and texture rather than iconography or the historical and social context
  12. Color Field Painting
    "color is freed from objective context and becomes the subject in itself." using formats of stripes, targets, simple geometric patterns and references to landscape imagery and to nature.
  13. Assemblage
    a collection or gathering of things or people.  In the visual arts, it consists of making three-dimensional or two-dimensional artistic compositions by putting together found objects.
  14. Stain Painting
    a method that allows the oil or acrylic paint to seep into the fiber of an unprimed canvas. Helen Frankenthaler and Morris Louis are best known for using this technique.
  15. Lawrence Alloway
    He first used the term "mass popular art" in the mid-1950s and used the term Pop Art in the 1960s to indicate that art has a basis in the popular culture of its day and takes from it a faith in the power of images
  16. Pop Art
    art based on modern popular culture and the mass media, esp. as a critical or ironic comment on traditional fine art values
  17. Benday dots
    The Ben-Day dots printing process, named after illustrator and printer Benjamin Henry Day, Jr., is a technique dating from 1879. Depending on the effect, color and optical illusion needed, small colored dots are closely spaced, widely spaced or overlapping
  18. Appropriation
    the artistic practice or technique of reworking images from well-known paintings, photographs, etc., in one's own work.
  19. Dematerialization of the art objects
    the absolute or relative reduction in the quantity of materials required to serve economic functions in society. In common terms, dematerialization means doing more with less.
  20. Happenings
    a performance, event or situation meant to be considered art, usually as performance art. Happenings take place anywhere, and are often multi-disciplinary, with a nonlinear narrative and the active participation of the audience
  21. Conceptual art
    art in which the idea presented by the artist is considered more important than the finished product, if there is one.
  22. Process art
    an artistic movement as well as a creative sentiment where the end product of art and craft, the objet d’art, is not the principal focus
  23. Feminist art
    art that reflects women's lives and experiences, as well as to change the foundation for the production and reception of contemporary art.
  24. Earthworks
    an art movement in which landscape and the work of art are inextricably linked. It is also an art form that is created in nature, using natural materials such as soil, rock, organic media (logs, branches, leaves), and water with introduced materials such as concrete, metal, asphalt, or mineral pigments
  25. Site-specific
    artwork created to exist in a certain place

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