Jazz Quiz 3

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ndumas2
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25361
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Jazz Quiz 3
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2010-06-30 16:52:26
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Jazz quiz
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Cards fill in blank and definition Jazz
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  1. What Is Hard Bop?
    • ·

    • Hard Bop was a
    • reaction to the anemic, cool jazz records that exploited the superficial
    • elements of West Coast style. It brought back a harder, more aggressive, black
    • elements that existed in black church music.
  2. Three words to describe Hard Bop

    • ·Forceful, Soulful and Funky

    • Soul - came out
    • of the gospel church environment
    • Funk - denoted

    • earthiness
    • Hard Bop - most

    • technically correct term. Described music that was forceful, soulful, funky,
    • and coarse.
  3. What was the Standard insturmentation in Hardbop?

    • Standard
    • instrumentation was the quintet. Piano, Bass, Drums, Trumpet, and Tenor Sax
  4. Three
    important bands in Hard bop
    • Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers

    • Horace Silver

    • Miles Davis

  5. Art Blakey
    • Drums Horace Silver-Piano, later split and
    • formed own group
    • •Drummer and leader of the Jazz Messengers
    • •Epitomized the loosening of jazz drumming styles.
    • •Used loud intrusions as accompanimental figures.
    • •“Moanin” – 1958
    • •Example of Call and Response
    • •Form is AABA
    • •Bridge has no call and response
    • •Blues March – 1958
    • •Drum solo: is reminiscent of a marching band functions as an interlude between solos
    • • Form is 12 bar blues
  6. Horace Silver

    • explored latin music with Jazz. He was
    • originally from the Cape Verde
    • Islands. His bands had
    • great trpt-tenor combinations-Blue Mitchell, trpt & Junior Cook-tenor.
    • Composer, Pianist & Bandleader

    • •Replaced bebop lines with short catchy phrases.
    • •Virtuosity was not essential to his style.
    • •His solos are like his tunes – simple ideas, memorable.
    • •Native of the Cape Verde islands.
  7. Miles Davis
    • The quintet was the most important
    • group of the hard bop era. Comprised of Rhythm, Trpt & tenor.
    • trumpet

    • •Influential on Four Decades of Jazz

    • –West Coast (w/ Gil Evans)
    • –Hard Bop/Modal (Kind of Blue)
    • –Post Bop (1963-68)
    • –Jazz Rock/Fusion (Bitches Brew)
    • •Trumpeter, composer, and bandleader.
    • •Unmistakable sound. (Harmon)
    • •Great use of space.
    • •Used a sextet rather than a quintet
    • •Played standard tunes rather than originals
  8. List Kind of Blue Significance



    • ·

    • A set of inspired
    • improvisations by an all-star band.
    • ·

    • A significant
    • departure from traditional bop-derived styles.
    • ·

    • Introduced the
    • format of Modal Jazz
  9. Modal Jazz
    • Affected the Harmonic Rhythm

    • (the speed of the change in harmony)
    • •Harmonies of a single chord or scale remain in effect for

    • several measures.
  10. miles davis' included a
    famous rhythm section, List the people in it

    • Miles

    • –Wayne Shorter

    • (Saxophone)
    • –Herbie Hancock

    • (Piano)
    • –Tony Williams

    • (Drums)
    • –Ron Carter (Bass)

  11. describe with Mile's David's band did
    • This band created a new jazz idiom.

    • •Every album used new concepts.

    • •They used tunes which did not have bridges, turnarounds, or

    • sections.
    • •Used these forms to encourage free-flowing sounds and

    • improvisations.
    • •Caused an “airy” feeling.

  12. Clifford Brown
    • ·

    • Worked with Sonny
    • Rollins (Sax) and Max Roach (Drums)
    • ·

    • Long fluid lines,
    • reminiscent of bebop.
    • ·

    • Died in auto
    • accident at age 25.
    • ·

    • Listen for the
    • melodic development in Sonny's playing.
    • ·

    • Listen for the
    • long lines in Clifford's playing.
  13. Cannonball Adderley
    • •Successor to Charlie Parker as alto player.
    • •Deep, rich tone, often mistaken for tenor
    • sax.
    • •Played with Miles on Kind of Blue.


  14. Chet Baker/Gerry Mulligan

    • Pianoless” quartet.

    • •Used counterpoint as the main focus.

    • •No harmonic instrument was present.

    • •Bernie’s Tune

    • •Walkin’ Shoes

  15. counterpoint

    • the relationship between two or more voices that are

    • independent in contour and rhythm, and interdependent in harmony.

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