History Semester Exam Packet two (part 1)

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  1. Progressivism
    the belief that new ideas and honest efficient government could bring about social justice
  2. Muckrakers
    writers that dramatized the need for reform by investigating and uncovering a wide range of societal problems in the early 1900s
  3. Social Gospel
    the idea that Christianity should be the basis of social reforms
  4. Upton Sinclair
    published "the Jungle" to bring attention to dangerous working conditions but instead outraged focused on the threat of spoiled meat
  5. Settlement House
    a community center that provided social services to the urban poor
  6. Jane Addams
    • opened Hull House a settlement house in Chicago 
    • leader in settlement house movement
  7. Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
    • fire in New York City
    • killed 146 workers 
    • mostly young Jewish women
  8. Direct Primary
    election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections
  9. Initiative
    gave people the power to put a proposed new law directly on the ballot in the next election by collecting citizens signatures on a petition
  10. Referendum
    allowed citizens to approve or reject laws passed by legislature
  11. recall
    gave voters the power to remove public servants from office before their terms ended
  12. Role of Journalists in the Progressive movement
    • wrote about problems that were read all over america in newspapers books...
    • sparked horror and outrage and motivated people to demand reform
  13. Progressives help urban poor
    • established settlement houses
    • end child labor
    • improve education
    • improve workplace conditions
  14. Progressives change state governments
    • gave citizens a bigger voice(recall, direct primary, initiative...)
    • worked on reforms in education, factories, voting and environment
  15. Muller v Oregon
    ruled that laws could limit the working hours of women
  16. Temperance Movement
    • promoted temperance(no alcohol)
    • believed alcohol led men to spend their earnings on liquor, neglect their families, and abuse their wives
  17. 18th amendment
    outlawed the production and sale of alcohol
  18. Margaret Sanger
    opened the country's first birth control center
  19. Carrie Chapman Catt
    traveled around the country urging women to join the National American Women's Suffrage Association(NAWSA)
  20. 19th Amendment
    stated that the right to vote "shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex"
  21. steps women took to win workers' rights
    • reduced the number of work hours for women
    • Women's Trade Union League formed which worked for minimum wage and an eight-hour work day 
    • created the first workers' strike fund
  22. tactics used by women to win the right to vote
    • Lobbied Congress to pass an amendment
    • used the referendum process to pass state suffrage laws
    • recruited wealthy, educated women to work for suffrage
    • help protest marches and hunger strikes
  23. Americanization
    adaptation of the American way of life by immigrants (clothes, food, homes...)
  24. Niagara Movement
    • a meeting of African Americans where they rejected Booker T Washington's ideas to slowly gain civil rights
    • believed that talented blacks should be taught history, literature, and philosophy rather than learning a trade
  25. Washington v. DuBois views on civil rights
    • Washington: blacks should work to achieve economic independence first and then civil rights would follow
    • DuBois: blacks should demand and work actively for civil rights
  26. Progressives attitudes about minorities and immigrants
    • Most were prejudiced against nonwhite, non-protestant and non-middle class 
    • worked to assimilate immigrants through Americanization
  27. Theodore Roosevelt
    became US president in 1901 when McKinley was assasinated
  28. Square Deal
    Roosevelt's program designed to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor
  29. ICC(interstate commerce commission)
    created to oversee rail charges for shipments that passed through more than one state
  30. TrustBusters
    • nickname given to Theodore Roosevelt and his administration as a result of his enforcement of the Sherman Antitrust Act
    • believed that big corporations were bad only if the bullied smaller businesses or cheated consumers
  31. Meat Inspection Act
    • passed by Congress in response to Upton Sinclair's book 
    • provided federal agents to inspect any meat sold across state lines and required federal inspection of meat-processing plants
  32. Pure Food and Drug Act
    • banned interstate shipment of impure food and the mislabeling of food and drugs
    • FDA(food and drug administration) makes sure people are not hurt by dangerous substances or dishonest labels
  33. Progressive Party
    • established by Progressives when they left the Republican party prior to the 1912 election
    • Theodore Roosevelt was their candidate
  34. Reason for Square Deal
    Teddy wanted it to create a fair honest and just society in which everyone had an equal chance to succeed
  35. Impact of Trustbusting on economy
    Roosevelt's actions greatly increased the role of the federal government in regulating and monitoring the economy and labor issues
  36. Roosevelt's policies effect on Environment
    • national wild lands would now be managed for their natural resources
    • water reclamation projects would irrigate much desert land 
    • preserved 100 million acres of national wild lands
  37. Woodrow Wilson
    democratic candidate elected to presidency in 1912
  38. New Freedom
    Wilson's program that sought to provide more opportunities or freedom for small business
  39. 16th Amendment
    gave Congress the power to create income tax
  40. Federal Reserve Act
    placed national banks under the control of a federal reserve board which prevents too much money form being in the hands of one person band or region and sets interest rates
  41. Federal Trade Commission(FTC)
    monitored business practices that might lead to a monopoly
  42. Clayton Antitrust Act
    strengthened previous antitrust laws by spelling out those activities in which business could not engage
  43. Wilson assisted in election by Republican party
    Republican voters were split between the Republican nominee and the Progressive party candidate
  44. Wilson's Policies supporting New Freedom
    Wilson pushed for laws that would give the federal government more power of tariffs banks and trusts
  45. Long-term impact of the Progressive era
    established the idea that government can take action to help solve societal and economic problems
  46. Queen Liliuokalani
    • resented the increasing power of white planters who owned much of the land in Hawaii
    • abolished the constitution giving political power to the white minority
  47. Factors for America to become a world power
    • Americans had surplus goods and wanted other markets to sell to
    • Imperialists embraced social Darwinism and believed in America's Manifest Destiny
  48. Americans reaction to Queen Liliuokalani's actions
    Americans overthrew the queen when her actions threatened to limit their power and affect their profits
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History Semester Exam Packet two (part 1)
2013-12-18 18:46:08
Coach Kelly US history exam packet two

Packet two of semester exam for US history.
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