Card Set Information
Diagnostics Medicine Final Exam Study Guide
meanig of diagnostic medince
the process of attemoting to determine or identifying a possible disease or disorder
type of diagnostic medicine that utilizes the
to image patients
name four different types of ultrasound test
cardic, vascular, abdomen, OB/ Gyn
type of medicine that ultilizes
to image the function of body organs
nuclear medicine and Pet
explain the difference between imaging a patient's anatomy and imaging phyiology
: structure of the body
: How parts function
what types of questions would you need to ask a patient before imaging them for a diagnostic
allegies or possible being pregnant
what is MRI good at imaging
soft tissue and nerves
explain the safety precautions related to MRI
they must make sure there are no metals in the patients body or in the room
How do Ct and MRI differ
CT- fast radiation (better for bone imaging)
MRI- slow magnets, more safety precations(better for soft tissue imaging)
if you can do a whole body CT in less than one minute than why does every patient not get a whole body scan?
too much exposure to radiation
scanners are classified as 16 slice, 24 slice.... what does that mean?
pictures taken in nummber of different slices the more slices, more radiation
List desired characteristics of a diagnostic tech that has to be on call.
What is the definition of a hybrid camera?
Putting 2 different cameras together
Give two examples of hybrid studies used in diagnostic imaging?
Pet CT; Pet MRI
Name four different types of diagnostic careers.
Blood clots caused by which type of atrial rhythm?
Atrial Fibrilliation (A-Fib)
This rhythm occurs when the ventricles are quivering.
In which cavity is the heart located?
Blood flow between the heart and the lungs:
Cardiac Pulmonary Circulation
The heart consists of how many chambers?
What blood type is the universal blood donor?
What blood type is the universal blood receiver?
What happens when non-compatible blood types are mixed?
People die (Coagulation)
How does air, bone, and fat appear on an x-ray?
Denser it is the whiter. (Bone-White, Fat-Gray, Air-Black)
What is the best way to protect yourself against occupational radiation exposure?
Time, distance, and shielding.
What is OSHA and what is its role in healthcare?
Occupational Safety Health Administration
List 4 things OSHA would enforce?
Provides you with vaccinations you need, training to be safe, personal protection, a way to report things that went wrong (violations) with equipment safety
What happens if an employer does not follow the mandates of OSHA?
They could be fired or shut down.
What position has the patient lying face down
Why is the above position good for imaging the heart of large patient.
It gets the breast tissue out of the way.
This position would be good for a patient that is going into shock due to low blood volume.
This term means to bring towards the midline.
To divide the body in top and bottom halves.
What role does the lens play in our ability to see?
Bends the light.
Name the functions of our aqueous humor.
Keeps you eye clean, provides nutrition an nourishment.
Explain what role light plays in us being able to see.
It bounces off objects so we can see.