Diagnostics Medicine

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Author:
apvg1997
ID:
253658
Filename:
Diagnostics Medicine
Updated:
2013-12-17 21:03:59
Tags:
Final Exam
Folders:
2013,Finals
Description:
Diagnostics Medicine Final Exam Study Guide
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  1. meanig of diagnostic medince
    the process of attemoting to determine or identifying a possible disease or disorder
  2. type of diagnostic medicine that utilizes the sound waves to image patients
    ultra sound
  3. name four different types of ultrasound test
    cardic, vascular, abdomen, OB/ Gyn
  4. type of medicine that ultilizes gamma radiation to image the function of body organs
    nuclear medicine and Pet
  5. explain the difference between imaging a patient's anatomy and imaging phyiology
    • anatomy: structure of the body
    • Physiology: How parts function
  6. what types of questions would you need to ask a patient before imaging them for a diagnostic
    allegies or possible being pregnant
  7. what is MRI good at imaging
    soft tissue and nerves
  8. explain the safety precautions related to MRI
    they must make sure there are no metals in the patients body or in the room
  9. How do Ct and MRI differ
    • CT- fast radiation (better for bone imaging)
    • MRI- slow magnets, more safety precations(better for soft tissue imaging)
  10. if you can do a whole body CT in less than one minute than why does every patient not get a whole body  scan?
    too much exposure to radiation
  11. scanners are classified as 16 slice, 24 slice.... what does that mean?
    pictures taken in nummber of different slices the more slices, more radiation
  12. List desired characteristics of a diagnostic tech that has to be on call.
    • Responsible
    • Reliable
    • Good Attitude
    • Durable
  13. What is the definition of a hybrid camera?
    Putting 2 different cameras together
  14. Give two examples of hybrid studies used in diagnostic imaging?
    Pet CT; Pet MRI
  15. Name four different types of diagnostic careers.
    • Special Tech
    • MRI Tech
    • Nuclear Tech
    • Ultrasound Tech
  16. Blood clots caused by which type of atrial rhythm?
    Atrial Fibrilliation (A-Fib)
  17. This rhythm occurs when the ventricles are quivering.
    Atrial Fibrilliation
  18. In which cavity is the heart located?
    Thoracic
  19. Blood flow between the heart and the lungs:
    Cardiac Pulmonary Circulation
  20. The heart consists of how many chambers?
    4
  21. What blood type is the universal blood donor?
    O-
  22. What blood type is the universal blood receiver?
    AB+
  23. What happens when non-compatible blood types are mixed?
    People die (Coagulation)
  24. How does air, bone, and fat appear on an x-ray?
    Denser it is the whiter. (Bone-White, Fat-Gray, Air-Black)
  25. What is the best way to protect yourself against occupational radiation exposure?
    Time, distance, and shielding.
  26. What is OSHA and what is its role in healthcare?
    Occupational Safety Health Administration
  27. List 4 things OSHA would enforce?
    Provides you with vaccinations you need, training to be safe, personal protection, a way to report things that went wrong (violations) with equipment safety
  28. What happens if an employer does not follow the mandates of OSHA?
    They could be fired or shut down.
  29. What position has the patient lying face down
    Prone
  30. Why is the above position good for imaging the heart of large patient.
    It gets the breast tissue out of the way.
  31. This position would be good for a patient that is going into shock due to low blood volume.
    Trandelenburg.
  32. This term means to bring towards the midline.
    Adduction
  33. To divide the body in top and bottom halves.
    Transuersal.
  34. What role does the lens play in our ability to see?
    Bends the light.
  35. Name the functions of our aqueous humor.
    Keeps you eye clean, provides nutrition an nourishment.
  36. Explain what role light plays in us being able to see.
    It bounces off objects so we can see.

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