The idea that biologically (genetically) inhereted differences between populations are important influences on cultural differences between them.
Information, skills, attitudes, conceptions, beliefs, values and other mental components of culture that people socially learn during enculturation.
The intterrelationships among the various components (elements, subsystems) of a cultural system.
The socially learned knowledge and patterns of behaviour shared by some group of people.
The cultural tradition a group of people recognize as their own; the shared customs and beliefs that define how a group sees iteslf as distinctive.
classifications of reality (cultural constructions of reality)
Ways in which the members of a culture divide up the natural and social world into categories, usually linguistically encoded.
The notion that the beliefs and behaviours of individuals are largely programmed by their culture.
Elements of culture that exist in all known human groups or societies.
The transmission (by means of social learning) of cultural knowledge to the next generation.
Shared ideals and/or expectations about how certain people out to act in given situations.
patterns of behaviour
Within a single culture, the behaviour that most people perform when they are in certain culturally defined situations.
Rights and duties that individuals assume because of their percieved personal identity or membership in a social group. Also, the social and/or economical position a field researcher defines for him- or herself in the community being studied.
A territorially distinct and largely self-perpetuating group whose members have a sense of collective identitiy and who share a common language and culture.
Cultural differences characteristic of members of various ethnic groups, regions, religions, and so forth within a single society or country.
Objects, behaviours, sound combinations, and other phenomena whose culturally defined meanings have no necessary relationship to their inherent physical qualities.
Shared ideas or standards about the worthwhileness of goals and lifestyles.
The way people interpret reality and events, including how they see themselves relating to the world around them.