Pharmacology: Chapter 2

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Pharmacology: Chapter 2
2013-12-17 23:49:10
specific terms

Specific Pharmacology Terms
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  1. additive alert
    combined effect of two drugs that is equal to the sum of the effects of each drug taken alone.
  2. adverse or untoward effect
    action, usually negative, that is different from the planned effect.
  3. allergic reaction
    untoward reaction that develops after an individual has taken a drug
  4. analog
    chemical compound that resembles another in structure but has different effects.
  5. antagonism
    combined effect of two drugs that is less than the effect of either drug taken alone
  6. biosynthesis
    formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either within an organism(in vivo) or in vitro by fragments of cells
  7. depression
    decrease in activity of cells caused by the action of a drug
  8. diagnostic
    pertaining to the art or act of determining the nature of a patients disease
  9. idiosyncrasy
    abnormal sensitivity to a drug or a reaction not intended
  10. palliative
    agent or measure that relieves symptoms
  11. potentiation
    effect that occurs when a drug increases or prolongs the action of another drug, the total effect of being greater than the sum of the effects of each used alone.
  12. prophylactic
    agent or measure used to prevent disease
  13. side effect
    unpredictable effect that is not related to the main action of a drug
  14. stimulation
    increase in the activity of cells produced by drugs
  15. synergism
    joint action of agents in which their combined effect is more intense or longer in duration than the sum of their individual effects
  16. therapeutic
    pertaining to treatment of disease
  17. tolerance
    increasing resistance to the usual effects of an established dosage of a drug as a result of continued use.