Abbreviations & Acronyms

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Abbreviations & Acronyms
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2013-12-18 01:47:40
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Study guide for opthalmic technician
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  1. Δ (2)
    • change
    • prism diopter
  2. infinity
  3. female
  4. male
  5. >
    greater than
  6. <
    less than
  7. increased
  8. decreased
  9. orthophoria
  10. primary
  11. secondary
  12. K
    keratometry readings
  13. L
    lensometer
  14. M
    manifest refraction
  15. NV
    near vision
  16. NVW
    • glasses worn by patient
    • (near vision wear)
  17. R
    retinoscopic findings
  18. Rx
    prescription (for glasses)
  19. T
    tension (intraocular pressure)
  20. Ta
    tension by applanation
  21. Ts
    tension by Schiotz tonometry
  22. V
    visual acutiy
  23. W
    • glasses worn by patient
    • (wear)
  24. a
    before
  25. A
    applanation tension
  26. A 1
    atropine 1%
  27. AA
    amplitude of accommodation
  28. AACG
    acute angle closure glaucoma
  29. Ab
    antibodies
  30. ABK
    aphakic bullous keratopathy
  31. a.c.
    • before meals 
    • (ante cibum)
  32. AC
    anterior chamber
  33. ACA
    anterior cerebral atery
  34. AC/A
    accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio
  35. acc
    accommodative
  36. ACG
    angle closure glaucoma
  37. ACIOL
    anterior chamber intraocular lens
  38. ACLS
    advanced cardiac life support
  39. ACT
    alternate cover test
  40. ACTH
    adrenocorticotropic hormone
  41. AD
    autosomal dominant
  42. add
    added power for near vision
  43. ad. lib.
    • as desired 
    • (ad libitum)
  44. ADV
    adenovirus
  45. AFB
    acid-fast bacillus
  46. AFGE
    air fluid gas exchange
  47. AFIP
    Armed Forces Institute of Pathology
  48. AHF
    anterior hyaloid face
  49. AHM
    anterior hayloid membrane
  50. AI
    auto-immune
  51. AIDS
    autoimmune deficiency syndrome
  52. AION
    anterior ischemic optic neuropathy
  53. AK
    actinic keratosis
  54. aka
    also known as
  55. AL
    axial length
  56. ALK
    automated lamellar keratoplasty
  57. ALL
    acute lymphocytic leukemia
  58. ALT
    argon laser trabeculoplasty
  59. AMD
    age-related macular degeneration
  60. AML
    acute myelogenous leukemia
  61. AMPPE
    acute multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy
  62. ANA
    antinuclear antibodies test
  63. ANCA
    anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic
  64. ANS
    autonomic nervous system
  65. AO
    American Optical
  66. AO-HRR
    American Optical Hardy-Rand-Rittler color vision plates
  67. AODM
    adult onset diabetes mellitus
  68. APCT
    alternate prism + cover test
  69. APD
    afferent pupillary defect
  70. Appl
    aplanantion tension
  71. AR
    autosmoal recessive
  72. ARAM
    acquired retinal arterial macroaneurysm
  73. ARC (2)
    • abnormal retinal correspondence
    • AIDS-related complex
  74. ARDS
    adult respiratory distress syndrome
  75. ArF
    argon fluoride
  76. ARG
    angle recession glaucoma
  77. ARM
    age-related maculopathy
  78. ARMD
    age-related macular degeneration
  79. ARN
    acute retinal necrosis
  80. ARNS
    atropine retinoscopy
  81. ASA
    aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)
  82. ASAP
    as soon as possible
  83. asb.
    apostilb
  84. ASC
    anterior subcapsular cataract
  85. ASCVD
    atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
  86. ASO4
    atropine (as the sulfate)
  87. AT
    applanation tension
  88. A-T
    ataxia telangiectasia
  89. ATR
    against-the-rule astigmatism
  90. A-V
    arterio-venous
  91. AVM
    arterio-venous malformation
  92. B (3)
    • betaxolol
    • Betoptic
    • bilateral (+EOM name)
  93. BAO
    branch artery occlusion
  94. BARN
    bilateral acute retinal necrosis
  95. BBB (2)
    • blood brain barrier
    • bundle branch (heart) block
  96. BC
    base curve
  97. BCBS
    Blue Cross-Blue Shield
  98. BCC
    basal cell carcinoma
  99. BD
    base-down prism
  100. BDR
    background diabetic retinopathy
  101. BEB
    benign essential blepharospasm
  102. BF
    black female
  103. BFP
    binocular fixation pattern
  104. BI
    base-in prism
  105. b.i.d.
    • twice a day
    • (bis in die)
  106. bil
    bilateral
  107. BM (2)
    • black male
    • bowel movement
  108. BMR (2)
    • basal metabolic rate
    • bilateral medial rectus recession
  109. BO
    base-out prism
  110. BP
    blood pressure
  111. BRAO
    branch retinal artery occlusion
  112. BRVO
    branch retinal vein occlusion
  113. BS
    blind spot
  114. BSS
    balanced salt solution
  115. BSV
    binocular single vision
  116. BU
    base-up prism
  117. BUN
    blood urea nitrogen level
  118. BUT
    breakup time (of tear film)
  119. BVA
    best-corrected visual acuity
  120. BVO
    branch vein occlusion
  121. Bx
    biopsy
  122. c
    • with 
    • (cum)
  123. C 1
    cyclopentolate (Cyclogyl) 1% eyedrops
  124. C (1-4)
    • centigrade
    • cranial nerve
    • cycloplegic
    • Cyclogyl
  125. Ca
    calcium
  126. CA (3)
    • carcinoma
    • cancer
    • corneal abrasion
  127. CAB
    cellulose acetate butyrate
  128. CACG
    chronic angle closure glaucoma
  129. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  130. CAG
    close angle glaucoma
  131. CAI
    carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
  132. CAT
    computerized axial tomography
  133. cat.
    cataract
  134. cat. ext.
    cataract extraction
  135. Cat-Trab
    combined cataract-trabeculectomy
  136. CBB
    ciliary body bend
  137. CBC
    complete blood count
  138. cc (3)
    • cubic centimeter
    • with correction
    • (cum correction)
  139. CC
    chief complaint
  140. C-C fistula
    carotid (artery)-cavernous (sinus) fistula
  141. CCT (2)
    • computed coronal tomography
    • cyclocryotherapy
  142. CCTV
    close circuit TV (magnifier)
  143. CCU
    coronary care unit
  144. C/D
    cup-to-disc ratio
  145. CE
    cataract extraction
  146. CEBMD
    corneal epithelial basement membrane dystrophy
  147. CF (2)
    • confrontation field
    • count fingers (vision)
  148. C&F
    cell and flare
  149. C3F3
    perfluoropropane
  150. CFFF
    critical flicker fusion fequency
  151. CG
    ciliary ganglion
  152. CHED
    congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy
  153. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  154. CHRPE
    congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium
  155. CICU
    cardiac intensive care unit
  156. CIE
    Commission Internationale de l'Eclariage
  157. CIN
    corneoconjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia
  158. CIOM
    closed intraocular microsurgery
  159. CL
    contact lens
  160. CLL
    chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  161. CLEK
    collaborative longitudinal evaluation of keratoconus
  162. cm
    centimeter
  163. CME
    cystoid macular edema
  164. CMI (2)
    • cell mediated immune response
    • cytomegalic inclusion disease
  165. CML
    chronic myelogenous leukemia
  166. CMV
    cytomegalovirus
  167. CN
    cranial nerve
  168. CN2
    2nd cranial nerve (optic)
  169. CN3
    3rd cranial nerve (oculomotor)
  170. CN4
    4th cranial nerve (trochlear)
  171. CN5
    5th cranial nerve (trigeminal)
  172. CN6
    6th cranial nerve (abducens)
  173. CNAG
    chronic narrow angle glaucoma
  174. CNDO
    congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction
  175. CNS
    central nervous system
  176. CNVM
    choroidal neovascular membrane
  177. c/o
    complaints of
  178. CO2
    carbon dioxide
  179. COAD
    chronic obstructive airway disease
  180. COAG
    chronic open angle glaucoma
  181. COLD
    chronic obstructive lung disease
  182. COMA
    congenital oculomotor apraxia
  183. conj
    conjunctive, conjunctival
  184. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  185. COWS
    cold opposite, warm same
  186. CPC (2)
    • central posterior curve
    • clincio-pathologic conference
  187. CPEO
    chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia
  188. CPK
    creatinine phosphokinase (lab test)
  189. CPR
    cario-pulmonary resuscitation
  190. CRA
    central retinal artery
  191. CRAO
    central retinal artery occulusion
  192. CrCi
    creatinine clearance
  193. CRF (2)
    • chronic renal failure
    • corticotrophin releasing factor
  194. CRV
    central retinal vein
  195. CRVO
    central retinal vein occlusion
  196. C + S
    culture and sensitivity
  197. CSF
    cerebrospinal fluid
  198. CSM
    central, steady and maintained fixation
  199. CSNB
    congenital stationary night blindness
  200. CSR
    central serous (chorio)retinopathy
  201. CSUM
    central, steady, unmaintained fixation
  202. CT (2)
    • computerized axial tomography
    • cover test
  203. CTD
    connective tissue disease
  204. CUSUM
    central, unsteady, unmaintained fixation
  205. CV
    color vision
  206. CVA
    • cerebrovascular accident;
    • stroke
  207. CVD
    cardiovascular disease
  208. cyl
    cylinder
  209. Cx
    cylinder (in diopters), axis (in degrees)
  210. CXR
    chest x-ray
  211. D (3)
    • diopter
    • distance, distance vision
    • Diamox
  212. D-15
    Farnsworth D-15 color vision test
  213. D-100
    Farnsworth D-100 color vision test
  214. D 250
    Diamox 250 mg
  215. DA
    dark adaptation
  216. dB
    decibel
  217. DC
    discontinue
  218. DC, D/C
    discharge (from hospital/clinic/care)
  219. DCR
    dacryocystorhinostomy
  220. DD
    (optic) disc diameter
  221. DDH
    dissociated double hypertropia
  222. DFP
    diisopropyl fluorophosphate
  223. diam
    diameter
  224. dil
    dilate
  225. DJD
    degenerative joint disease
  226. dl
    deciliter (100 cc)
  227. DM
    diabetes mellitus
  228. DMV
    disc, macula, vessels
  229. D + N
    distance and near
  230. DNR
    do not resuscitate
  231. DOA
    dead on arrival
  232. DOB
    date of birth
  233. DPE
    dipivefrin
  234. DPT
    diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus
  235. D&Q
    deep and quiet
  236. DR
    diabetic retinopathy
  237. DT's
    delirium tremens
  238. DTR
    deep tendon reflexes
  239. DUSN
    diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis
  240. D&V
    ductions and versions
  241. DVD
    dissociated vertical deviation
  242. DVM
    optic disk, retinal vessels and macula
  243. DVT
    deep venous thrombosis
  244. DWSCL
    daily-wear soft contact lens
  245. Dx
    diagnosis
  246. Dz
    disease
  247. E
    esophoria at distance
  248. E'
    esophoria at near
  249. E (not esophoria)
    epinephrine
  250. E 1
    epinephrine 1%
  251. ECCE
    extracapsular cataract extraction
  252. ECD
    endothelial cell density
  253. ECG
    electrocardiogram
  254. EDMA
    ethylene glyco-dy-methacrylate
  255. EDTA
    ethylene diamine tetra acetate
  256. EEG
    electroencephalogram
  257. e.g.
    • for example 
    • (exempligrata)
  258. EKC
    epidemic keratoconjunctivitis
  259. EKF
    epikeratophakia
  260. EKG
    electrocardiogram
  261. ELISA
    enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay
  262. EMP
    epimacular proliferation
  263. EOG
    electro-oculogram
  264. EOM
    extraocular muscle
  265. EOMB
    extraocular muscle balance
  266. epi
    epithelium
  267. EPI
    epinephrine
  268. ERG
    electroretinogram
  269. ERM
    epiretinal membrane
  270. ERP
    early receptor potential
  271. ESR
    erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  272. ESRD
    endstage renal disease
  273. ESRF
    endstage renal failure
  274. et.
    and
  275. ET
    esotropia at distance
  276. ET'
    esotropia at near
  277. E(T)
    intermittent esotropia at near
  278. ETOH
    elhanol; alcohol (in reference to alcohol abuse)
  279. EUA
    examination under anesthesia
  280. EVA
    electronic visual aids
  281. EW (2)
    • Edinger-Westphal nucleus
    • extended war contact lens
  282. EWSCL
    extended-wear soft contact lens
  283. FA, f/a
    fluorescein angiogram/angiography
  284. FAV
    foveal avascular zone
  285. FB
    foreign body
  286. FBS (2)
    • fasting blood sugar test
    • foreign body sensation
  287. FEF
    frontal eye fields
  288. FEM
    fast eye movements
  289. F + F
    fix and follow vision
  290. FEVR
    familial exudative vitreal retinopathy
  291. FFA
    fundus fluorescein angiography
  292. FFF
    flicker fusion frequency (fields)
  293. FH
    family history
  294. FM 100
    Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue color vision test
  295. FNA
    fine needle aspiration
  296. FP
    fixation preference
  297. fpa
    far point of accommodation
  298. FPL
    forced preferential looking
  299. FT
    full-time
  300. F3T
    trifluorothymidine
  301. FTA
    fluorescent treponema absorption (test for syphilis)
  302. FTC
    full to confrontation visual fields
  303. FTFC
    full to finger counting
  304. FTG
    full-time glasses
  305. FTO
    full-time occlusion
  306. FTP
    full-time patch
  307. FTT
    failure to thrive
  308. f/u
    follow-up
  309. FUO
    fever of unknown origin
  310. Fx
    fracture
  311. GC
    gonococcus (gonorrhea)
  312. GCL
    ganglion cell layer
  313. GFR
    glomerular filtration rate
  314. GHPC
    giant helicoid peripapillary choroidopathy
  315. GP
    gas permeable (contact lens)
  316. GPC
    giant papillary conjunctivitis
  317. GSW
    gun shot wound
  318. GTT
    glucose tolerance test
  319. gtts
    • drops 
    • (guttae)
  320. GVF
    Goldmann visual field
  321. Gy
    Gray
  322. H
    hyperphoria
  323. HA (2)
    • headache
    • heart attack
  324. HA 5
    homatropine 5% eyedrops
  325. HATTS
    hemoagglutination treponema test for syphilis
  326. Hb
    hemoglobin
  327. HBP
    high blood pressure
  328. HCL
    hard contact lens
  329. Hct
    hematocrit
  330. HCTZ
    hydroclorthiazide
  331. HCVD
    hypertensive cardiovascular disease
  332. HEMA
    hydroxy ethyl methacrylate
  333. Hgb
    hemoglobin
  334. HGC
    horizontal gaze center
  335. HGLD3
    test of the immune system
  336. HHC
    home health care
  337. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  338. HK
    herpes keratitis
  339. HLA
    human leukocyte antigen
  340. HM
    hand motion/movement (vision)
  341. h/o
    history of
  342. HOTV
    HOTV vision test
  343. H + P
    history and physical
  344. HPI
    history of present illness
  345. HR
    heart rate
  346. HRR
    Hardy-Rand-Rittler (color plates)
  347. h.s.
    • at bedtime 
    • (hora somni)
  348. HS
    herpes simplex
  349. HSK
    herpes simplex keratitis
  350. HSV
    herpes simplex virus
  351. hT
    hypotropia at distance
  352. hT'
    hypotropia at near
  353. HT
    hypertropia at distance
  354. HT'
    hypertropia at near
  355. H(T)
    intermittent hypertropia at distance
  356. H(T)'
    intermittent hypertropia at near
  357. HTN
    hypertension
  358. HVF
    Humphrey visual field
  359. Hx
    history
  360. hypo
    hypotropia
  361. HZ
    herpes zoster
  362. I/A
    • infusion-aspiration (or)
    • irrigation-aspiration
  363. IC (2)
    • inferior colliculus
    • interstitial nucleus of Cajal
  364. ICCE
    intracapsular cataract extraction
  365. ICD
    intercanthal distance
  366. ICE
    iridocorneal epitheliopathy
  367. ICG
    indocyanine green (angiography)
  368. ICP
    intracranial pressure
  369. ICR
    intrastromal corneal ring
  370. ICU
    intensive care unit
  371. IDDM
    insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  372. IDU
    idoxuridine
  373. IgA
    immunoglobulin A
  374. IgD
    immunoglobulin D
  375. IgE
    immunoglobulin E (hypersensitivity reactions)
  376. IgG
    immunoglobulin G (bacterial & viral infections)
  377. IgM
    immunoglobulin M (bacterial & viral infections)
  378. IHD
    ischemic heart disease
  379. IK
    interstitial keratitis
  380. ILM
    internal limiting membrane
  381. IM
    intramuscular
  382. INL
    inner nuclear layer
  383. INO
    internuclear ophthalmoplegia
  384. IO
    inferior oblique
  385. IOFB
    intraocular foreign body
  386. IOL
    intraocular lens
  387. ION
    ischemic optic neuropathy
  388. IOP
    intraocular pressure
  389. IPD
    interpupillary distance/pupillary distance
  390. IPL
    inner plexiform layer
  391. IR
    inferior rectus
  392. IRMA
    intraretinal microvascular abnormalities
  393. Ish.
    Ishihara Plates (color vision test)
  394. ITT
    induced topia test
  395. IV
    intravenous
  396. IVFA
    intravenous fluorescein angiography
  397. J1, J2...
    Jaeger notation/size of type for near vision
  398. JODM
    juvenile onset diabetes mellitus
  399. JRA
    juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
  400. JXG
    juvenile xanthogranuloma
  401. K (3)
    • curvature
    • flattest meridian of keratometry reading
    • potassium
  402. KCS
    keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  403. KOH
    potassium hydroxide
  404. KPs
    keratic precipitates
  405. KrF
    krypton fluoride
  406. KS
    keratitis sicca
  407. K sicca
    keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  408. KUB
    kidney, ureter, bladder
  409. L (2)
    • left
    • lensometer
  410. LA
    light adaptation
  411. LASER
    light amplification by simulated emission of radiation
  412. LASIK
    • laser in situ keratomileusis (or)
    • laser assisted intrastromal keratoplasty
  413. LCT
    lateral canthal tendon
  414. LD
    lattice degeneration
  415. LE (3)
    • left esophoria
    • left eye
    • lupus erythematosus
  416. LET
    left esotropia
  417. LE(T)
    intermittent left esotropia
  418. LFT
    liver function test
  419. LGB
    lateral geniculate body
  420. LGN
    lateral geniculate nucleus
  421. LhT
    left hypertropia
  422. LH(T)
    intermittent left hypertropia
  423. LHT
    left hypotrpia
  424. LID
    left inferior oblique
  425. LIR
    left inferior rectus
  426. LKP
    lamellar keratoplasty
  427. LL
    lower lid
  428. LLL
    left lower eyelid
  429. LLR
    left lateral rectus
  430. LMG
    lethal midline granuloma
  431. LMR
    left medial rectus
  432. LOC
    loss of consciousness
  433. LOM
    lens opacity meter
  434. LP
    light perception
  435. LPCA
    long posterior ciliary artery
  436. LPI
    laser peripheral iridotomy
  437. LP + P
    light perception and projection
  438. LPw/P
    light perception with projection
  439. LR
    lateral rectus
  440. LSO
    left superior oblique
  441. LSR
    left superior rectus
  442. LTG
    low tension glaucoma
  443. LTP
    laser trabeculoplasty
  444. LUL
    left upper eyelid
  445. LVA
    low vision aids
  446. LVH
    left ventricular hypertrophy
  447. L + W
    living and well
  448. LXT
    left exotropia
  449. LX(T)
    intermittent left exotropia
  450. M (3)
    • macula
    • manifest refraction
    • meter
  451. M 1
    tropicamide (Mydriacyl) 1% eyedrops
  452. Max (2)
    • maximum
    • maxitrol
  453. MCA
    middle cerebral artery
  454. MCE
    microcystic edema
  455. MCT
    medial canthal tendon
  456. MEWDS
    multifolcal evanescent white dot syndrome
  457. MG (2)
    • Marcus-Gunn pupil
    • myasthenia gravis
  458. MGD
    meibomian gland dysfunction
  459. MI
    myocardial infraction; heart attack
  460. MICU
    medical intensive care unit
  461. MKM
    myopic keratomileusis
  462. MLF
    medial longitudinal fasciculus
  463. mm.
    millimeter
  464. MMC
    mitomycin C
  465. monos
    monocytes
  466. MPP
    massive preretinal proliferation
  467. MPR
    massive preretinal retraction
  468. MPS
    mucopolysaccharidosis
  469. MR (2)
    • manifest refraction
    • medial rectus
  470. MRD
    marginal reflex distance
  471. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  472. MRSA
    methicilin-resistant staph aureus
  473. MS
    multiple sclerosis
  474. MVA
    motor vehicle accident
  475. MVR (2)
    • massive vitreous retraction
    • microvitreoretinal blade
  476. N (3)
    • near
    • near vision
    • Neptazane
  477. N 2.5
    phenylephrine HCI (Neosynephrine) 2.5% eyedrops
  478. N 50
    Neptazane 50mg
  479. NA
    not applicable
  480. Na
    sodium
  481. NaCl
    • sodium chloride
    • saline
  482. NDF
    neutral density filler test
  483. NdYAG
    neodymium yittrium-aluminum-garnet laser
  484. Neo
    neosynephrine
  485. NFL
    nerve fiber layer
  486. NI
    no improvement; not improvable
  487. NICU
    neonatal intensive care unit
  488. NKA
    no known allergies
  489. NKDA
    no known drug allergies
  490. nl
    normal
  491. NLD
    nasolacrimal duct
  492. NLP
    • no light perception
    • total blidness
  493. nm
    nanometer
  494. NMI
    no manifest improvement
  495. nml
    normal
  496. NMR
    nuclear magnetic resonance
  497. NP
    • near point
    • (punctum proximum)
  498. npa
    near point of accommodation
  499. npc
    near point of convergence
  500. NPDR
    non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  501. n.p.o.
    nothing by mouth
    (nil per os)
  502. NR
    non-reactive
  503. NRC
    normal retinal correspondence
  504. NS (3)
    • Neosynephrine
    • normal saline
    • nuclear sclerosis
  505. NSAID
    non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  506. N + V
    nausea and vomiting
  507. NVD
    neovascularization of the disc
  508. NVE
    neovascularization elsewhere
  509. NVG
    neovascular glaucoma
  510. NVM
    neovascular membrane
  511. O2
    oxygen
  512. OA
    overactive muscle
  513. OAG
    open angle glaucoma
  514. OA IO
    overactive inferior oblique
  515. OA IO OU
    overactive interior obliques, both eyes
  516. OA SO
    overactive superior oblique
  517. OA SO OU
    overactive superior obliques, both eyes
  518. OD (4)
    • right eye
    • (oculus dexter)
    • optic disc
    • overdose
  519. ODM
    ophthalmodynamomtery
  520. ODN
    ophthalmodynamomtery
  521. OHT
    ocular hypertension
  522. OKN
    optokinetic nystagmus
  523. ON
    optic nerve
  524. ONG
    optic nerve glioma
  525. ONL
    outer plexiform layer
  526. ONSD
    optic nerve sheath decompression
  527. ONSF
    optic nerve sheath fenestration
  528. ophth.
    ophthalmology, ophthalmic, etc.
  529. OPL
    outer plexiform layer
  530. OR (2)
    • operating room
    • over-refraction
  531. Ortho.
    orthophoria
  532. OS
    • left eye
    • (oculus sinister)
  533. OT (2)
    • ocular tension
    • orthotropia
  534. OU
    • both eyes
    • (oculus uterque)
  535. OWS
    overwear syndrome
  536. p
    • after
    • (post)
  537. P
    pilocrapine
  538. P 1
    Pilocarpine 1% eyedrops
  539. P
    pupil
  540. PA
    periarteritis nodosa
  541. PACG
    primary angle closure glaucoma
  542. PACT
    prism + alternate cover test
  543. PAM (2)
    • primary acquired melanosis
    • potential acuity meter
  544. PAN
    periarteritis nodosa
  545. PAS
    peripheral anterior synechia
  546. PAT
    prism adaptation test
  547. PBI
    protein bound iodine
  548. PBK
    pseudophakic bullous keratopathy
  549. p.c.
    • after meals
    • (post cibum)
  550. PC (6)
    • peripheral curve
    • post-cycloplegic
    • posterior capsule
    • posterior chamber
    • posterior commissure
    • present correction
  551. P + C
    prism and cover test
  552. PCA
    posterior cerebral artery
  553. PCIOL
    posterior chamber intraocular lens
  554. PCN
    penicillin
  555. PD (2)
    • pupillary distance (or) interpupillary distance
    • prism diopter
  556. PDR (2)
    • Physicians Desk Reference
    • proliferative diabetic reintopath
  557. PE (3)
    • physical exam
    • (retinal) pigment epithelium
    • pulmonary embolus
  558. PEO
    progressive external ophthalmoplegia
  559. PERRLA
    pupils equal, round and reactive to light and accommodation
  560. PET
    partial excimer trabeculectomy
  561. PF
    pred forte
  562. PFCL
    perfluorocarbon liquid
  563. PFT
    pulmonary function test
  564. PGC
    pontine gaze center
  565. pH
    measure of acidity/alkalinity of a solution
  566. PH
    past history
  567. ph
    pinhole (visual acuity)
  568. PHF
    posterior hyaloid face
  569. PHM
    posterior hyaloid membrane
  570. PHN
    post herpetic neuralgia
  571. PHNI
    pinhole, no improvement
  572. PHPV
    • persistent hyperplasia of the primary vitreous
    • presistent hyperplastic primary vitreous
  573. PI (3)
    • peripheral iridectomy/iridotomy
    • phospholine iodide
    • present illness
  574. PICU
    pediatric intensive care unit
  575. PK
    penetrating keratoplasty
  576. PKP
    penetrating keratoplasty
  577. PKU
    phenylketonuria
  578. pl
    plano lens
  579. PLS
    posterior lip sclerectomy
  580. PLT
    preferential looking technique
  581. PMH
    past medical history
  582. PMMA
    polymethylmethacrylate
  583. PMN
    polymorphonuclear leukocyte
  584. PN
    periarteritis nodosa
  585. PNS
    peripheral nervous system
  586. p.o.
    • by mouth
    • (per os)
  587. po
    post-operative
  588. POAG
    primary open angle glaucoma
  589. POHS
    presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome
  590. poly's
    polymorphonuclear leukocytes
  591. POZ
    posterior optical zone
  592. p.p.
    • after eating
    • (post prandial)
  593. PP (3)
    • pars plana
    • pars plicata
    • near point (punctum proximum)
  594. PPA
    near point of accomodation
  595. PPC
    near point of convergence
  596. PPD
    purified protein derivative (tuberculin skin test)
  597. PPDR
    preproliferative diabetic retinopathy
  598. PPG
    pilopine gel
  599. PPL
    pars plana lensectomy
  600. PPMD
    posterior polymorphous dystrophy
  601. PPRF
    pontine paramedian reticular formation
  602. PPV
    pars plane vitrectomy
  603. PR
    far point (punctum remotum) of accommodation
  604. PRK
    photorefractive keratectomy
  605. prn
    • when necessary, as the occasion arises
    • (pro re nata)
  606. PRP
    panretinal photocoagulation
  607. PRRE
    pupils round, regular & equal
  608. PSC
    posterior subcapsular cataract
  609. PSCC
    posterior subcapsular cataract
  610. PSD
    paving stone degeneration
  611. PSP
    progressive supranuclear palsy
  612. pt
    patient
  613. PT
    prothrombin time
  614. PTA
    prior to admission
  615. PTC
    pseudotumor cerebri
  616. PTK
    phototherapeutic keratectomy
  617. PTN
    pre-tectal nucleus
  618. PTO
    part time occlusion (patch)
  619. PTP
    part time patch
  620. PTT
    partial thromboplastin time
  621. PVA
    polyvinyl alcohol
  622. PVC
    premature ventricular contraction
  623. PVD (2)
    • posterior vitreous detachment
    • principal visual direction
  624. PVR
    proliferative vitreoretinopathy
  625. Px
    prognosis
  626. PXE
    pseudo-xanthoma elasticum
  627. PXF
    pseudo exfoliation
  628. q.a.m.
    • every day before noon
    • (quaque ante meridiem)
  629. q.d.
    • every day
    • (quaque die)
  630. q.h.
    • every hour
    • (quaque hora)
  631. q.h.s.
    • every bedtime
    • (quaque hora somni)
  632. q.i.d.
    • 4 times a day
    • (quater in die)
  633. q.n.
    • every night
    • (quaque nocte)
  634. q.n.s.
    • quantity not sufficient
    • (quantum non sufficiat)
  635. q.o.d.
    • every other day
    • (quaque die)
  636. q.p.m.
    • every day after noon
    • (quaque postmeridiem)
  637. q.s.
    • sufficient quantity
    • (quantum sufficiat)
  638. q3h
    • every 3 hours
    • (quaque 3 hora)
  639. R (5)
    • recession (of extraocular muscle)
    • refraction
    • resection (of extraocular muscle)
    • retinoscopy
    • right
  640. RA (2)
    • react to accomodation
    • rheumatoid arthritis
  641. RAPD
    relative afferent pupillary defect
  642. RB
    retinoblastoma
  643. RBC (2)
    • red blood count (erythrocyte)
    • red blood count
  644. RD
    retinal detachment
  645. RDE
    random dot E stereogram
  646. RE (2)
    • right esophoria
    • right eye
  647. Ref
    refraction
  648. REM
    rapid eye movements
  649. RET (2)
    • retinoscopy
    • right esotropia
  650. RE(T)
    intermittent right esotropia
  651. ret. pig.
    retinitis pigmentosa
  652. RGP
    rigid gas permeable (contact lens)
  653. RHT
    right hypertropia
  654. RH(T)
    intermittent hypertropia
  655. RhT
    right hypotropia
  656. RIO
    right inferior oblique
  657. RIR
    right inferior rectus
  658. RK
    radial keratotomy
  659. RLF
    retrolental fibroplasia
  660. RLL
    right lower eyelid
  661. RLR
    right lateral rectus
  662. RMR
    right medial rectus
  663. r/o
    rule out
  664. ROP
    retinopathy of prematurity
  665. ROS
    review of systems
  666. RP
    retinitis pigmentosa
  667. RPA
    retinitis punctata albescens
  668. RPE
    retinal pigment epithelium
  669. RPED
    retinal pigment epithelium detachment
  670. RSO
    right superior oblique
  671. RSR
    right superior rectus
  672. RT
    radiation therapy
  673. RTC
    return to clinic
  674. RTO
    return to office
  675. RUL
    right upper eyelid
  676. Rx
    treatment: glasses, medicine, etc.
  677. RX
    right exophoria
  678. RXT
    right exotropia
  679. RX(T)
    intermittent right exotropia
  680. s
    • without
    • (sin)
  681. S (2)
    • spectacles
    • sphere
  682. SB
    scleral buckling procedure
  683. SBC
    sensory binocular cooperation
  684. SBV
    single binocular vision
  685. sc (2)
    • subcutaneous
    • without correction (sin correctio)
  686. SC
    superior colliculus
  687. SCC
    squamous cell carcinoma
  688. SCH (2)
    • subconjunctival hemorrhage
    • suprachoroidal hemorrhage
  689. SCL
    soft contact lens
  690. SCT
    single cover test
  691. SEM (2)
    • slow eye movements
    • scanning electron microscope/microscopy
  692. SF6
    sulfur hexafluoride
  693. SFG
    sulfur hexafluoride gas
  694. SFP
    simultaneous foveal perception
  695. SG
    Sheridan-Gardner visual acuity test
  696. SI
    sector iridectomy
  697. SICU
    surgical intensive care unit
  698. SLE (2)
    • slit lamp exam
    • systemic lupus erythematosus
  699. SMCD
    senile macular choroidal degeneration
  700. SMD
    senile macular degeneration
  701. SMP
    simultaneous macular perception
  702. SO
    superior oblique
  703. SOB
    shortness of breath
  704. SOF
    superior orbital fissure
  705. soln
    solution
  706. SOV
    superior ophthalmic vein
  707. s/p
    condition after (status post)
  708. SPCA
    short posterior ciliary artery
  709. SPCT
    simultaneous prism & cover test
  710. Sph
    sphere
  711. SPK
    superficial punctate keratitis
  712. SQ
    subcutaneous (under the skin)
  713. SR
    superior rectus
  714. SRF
    subretinal fluid
  715. SRH
    subretinal hemorrhage
  716. SRK
    Sanders, Retzlaff, Kraff formula (for IOL power)
  717. SRM
    subretinal membrane
  718. SRN
    subretinal neovascularization
  719. SRNV
    subretinal neovascularization
  720. SRNVM
    subretinal neovascular membrane
  721. SS
    scleral spur
  722. S/S
    signs and symptoms
  723. SSPE
    subactue sclerosing panencephalitis
  724. ST
    esotropia (at distance)
  725. ST'
    esotropia at near
  726. S(T)
    intermittent esotropia at distance
  727. S(T)'
    intermittent esotropia at near
  728. stat.
    immediately
  729. subcut.
    subcutaneous (under the skin)
  730. sub q
    subcutaneous (under the skin)
  731. SVP
    spontaneous venous pulsation
  732. Sx
    symptoms
  733. T
    tension
  734. T 0.5
    timolol maleate (Timoptic) 0.5% eyedrops
  735. TA
    tension by applanation
  736. tab
    tablet
  737. TAC
    Teller acuity cards
  738. TAP
    tension by applanation
  739. Tapp
    tension by applanation
  740. TB
    tuberculosis
  741. TBT
    tear break-up time
  742. TBUT
    tear break-up time
  743. TFT (2)
    • thyroid function test
    • trifluorothymidine
  744. TIA
    transient ischemic attack
  745. t.i.d.
    • 3 times a day
    • (ter in die)
  746. TM
    trabecule meshwork
  747. TN
    tension
  748. TNF
    tension by normal finger (palpation)
  749. TNO
    TNO stereopsis test
  750. TNTC
    too numerous to count
  751. TORCH
    toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes
  752. TOV
    transcient obscuration of vision
  753. Tp (2)
    • tension by pneumotonometry
    • toxoplasmosis
  754. Tpn
    tension by pneumotonometry
  755. TPPL
    trans pars plana lensectomy
  756. TPPV
    trans pars plana vitrectomy
  757. Trab.
    trabeculectomy
  758. TRD (2)
    • total retinal detachment
    • traction retinal detachment
  759. TRIC
    trachoma or inclusion conjunctivitis (agent)
  760. Ts
    tension by Schoitz
  761. Tx
    treatment
  762. UA
    underactive (muscle)
  763. U/A
    urinalysis
  764. UA IO
    underactive inferior oblique
  765. UA IO OU
    underactive inferior obliques, both eyes
  766. UA SO
    underactive superior oblique
  767. UA SO OU
    underactive superior obliques, both eyes
  768. UCUSUM
    uncentral unsteady unmaintained fixation
  769. UGH
    uveitis glaucoma hyphema syndrome
  770. UL
    upper lid
  771. ung
    ointment
  772. UPECCE
    unplanned extracapsular cataract extraction
  773. URTI
    upper respiratory tract infection
  774. URI
    upper respiratory tract infection
  775. US
    ultrasound
  776. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  777. V (3)
    • vessels
    • visual acuity
    • vitreous
  778. VA
    visual acuity
  779. VDRL
    venereal disease research lab
  780. VECP
    visual evoked cortical potential
  781. VEP
    visual evoked potential
  782. VER
    visual evoked response
  783. VF
    visual field
  784. VGC
    vertical gaze center
  785. VISC
    vitreous infusion suction cutter
  786. Vit.
    vitreous
  787. VKH
    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome
  788. VOD
    vision right eye
  789. VOR
    vestibulo-ocular reflex
  790. VOS
    vision left eye
  791. VOU
    vision both eyes
  792. VS, V/S
    vital signs
  793. VSS
    vital signs stable
  794. WBC
    white blood cells or count
  795. WD WN
    well developed, well nourished
  796. WEBINO
    wall-eyed bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia
  797. WF
    white female
  798. W4D
    Worth 4-dot test
  799. WGOA
    wearing glasses on arrival
  800. WM
    white male
  801. WNL
    within normal limits
  802. WPOA
    wearing patch on arrival
  803. WTR
    with-the-rule of astigmatism
  804. w/u
    work-up
  805. x
    axis
  806. X
    exophoria at distance
  807. X'
    exophoria at near
  808. XLR
    X-linked recessive
  809. XT
    exotropia at distance
  810. XT'
    exotropia at near
  811. X(T)
    intermittent exotropia at distance
  812. X(T)'
    intermittent exotropia at near
  813. YAG
    yittrium-aluminum-garnet laser
  814. y/o
    years old

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