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The Grapes of Châteauneuf-du-Pape
- Picpoul (Noir/Blanc/Gris)
- Terret Noir
- Clairette/Clairette Rosé
Soils of Chateauneuf-du-Pape
The iconic galets; distinct pockets of alluvial sediment exist for gravel, calcareous clay, and sand.
Barrel use in Chateauneuf-du-Pape
Traditional producers tend to use old oak foudres for extended aging.
other producers use Barriques
Côtes du Rhône AOP
Southern Rhône’s largest appellation and the base designation for wines from the entire Rhône Valley.
Over two-thirds of the Rhône Valley’s wines are released as Côtes du Rhône AOP. Most of the wine is red, although whites and rosés are allowed.
Côtes du Rhône-Villages AOP
A superior designation for red, white and rosé wine from a delimited area within the Southern Rhône.
18 communes may append their names to the appellation. Grenache, Mourvèdre, and Syrah are the principal red grapes for Côtes du Rhône-Villages.
Côtes du Rhône-Villages Geographic Designations
- Massif d'Uchaux
- Plan de Dieu
- Rousset les vignes
In 1971, the Gigondas AOP was created for red and rosé wines sourced from the commune’s red clay alluvial soils.
Red wines are minimum 50% Grenache, typically blended with smaller proportions of Syrah and Mourvèdre.
Other Rhône grape varieties—excluding Carignan—are permitted to be present as a maximum 10% of plantings in the Gigondas vineyard.
In 1990,Vacqueyras AOP became the former Côtes du Rhône village to be promoted to full appellation status. The rustic wines are usually red, although a small amount of white and rosé wine is produced.
A minimum 50% Grenache is required for the red wines.
Côtes du Rhône village that where promoted to full appellation status
- Gigondas AOP - 1971
- Vacqueyras AOP - 1990
- Beaumes-de-Venise AOP - 2005
- Vinsobres AOP - 2006
All four appellations share Châteauneuf-du-Pape’s 12.5% minimum potential alcohol requirement for red wines.
- Predominant grapes:
- Grenache (Noir/Blanc)
Despite its sandier soils, the commune of Lirac in 1863 unwittingly served as France’s doorway to the phylloxera incursion
The only communal appellation in France exclusively dedicated to rosé wines.
The wines are based on Grenache and made in a dry style.
Vin doux naturel
The white, red, and rosé wines retain natural grape sugar through mutage.
Pure grape spirit is added to arrest fermentation in a proportion of 5-10%
What two appellations exist for Vin doux naturel in Southern Rhone
- Rasteau AOP
- Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise AOP
- AOP for:
- vin doux naturel
Appellations of the Southern Rhône
- Côtes du Rhone
- Côtes du Rhone-Villages
- Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise
- Côtes du Vivarais
- Costières de Nîmes
- Clairette de Bellegarde
- Duché d'Uzès (added in 2013)
minimum 50% Mourvèdre blended primarily with Grenache, Cinsault
The wines must spend 18 months in oak
- Domaine Tempier
- Château de Pibarnon
- Château Pradeaux