History Semester Exam packet two (part 2)

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History Semester Exam packet two (part 2)
2013-12-18 13:40:06
Coach Kelly US history semester exam packet two

Semster exam packet two
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  1. Jose Marti
    Cuban patriot that launched a war for independence from spain in 1895
  2. William Randolph Hearst
    founded one of the newspapers that sensationalized spanish atrocities toward Cubans
  3. Yellow Journalism
    • the use of exaggerated stories to heighten the public's dislike of the Spanish government
    • given because they featured a comic strip character called the yellow kid
  4. USS Maine
    • battleship sent by Mckinley to Havanna Harbor to protect American Citizens in Cuba
    • When it exploded Americans called for war
  5. Teller Amendment
    said that the US had no intention of annexing Spain
  6. Rough Riders
    led by future president Theodore Roosevelt in the Battle of San Juan Hill
  7. Treaty of Paris
    officially ended the Spanish-American War
  8. Reason Americans were mad at Spanish actions in Cuba
    • We believed Spain treated Cuban rebellions brutally¬†
    • we wanted to support the Cuban fight for freedom
    • We believed that Spain had destroyed the USS Maine
  9. How Rough Riders helped in the war
    Fought battles that secured the surrender of Santiago, Cuba
  10. Reason we wanted the Philipines
    believed that a presence in the Philippines would be valuable in increasing US trade with China
  11. Insurrection
  12. Guerilla Warfare
    warfare with small bands of fighters to attack behind American lines
  13. Spheres of Influence
    trade areas in China created by Britian France Germany and Russia
  14. Boxer Rebellion
    a group of Chinese rebels that fought the influence of outsiders in their country
  15. Open Door policy
    a trade policy re-established in China by Secretary of State Hay who assured the Chinese that the US did not want colonies in china, only trade
  16. Russo-Japanese War
    war between Russia and Japan ended when President Theodore Roosevelt negotiated a peace treaty between the two
  17. Gentlemen's Agreement
    • an agreement between the US and japan initiated by Roosevelt
    • San Francisco schools agreed to end its segregation of Asians¬†
    • japan agreed to limit emigration to US
  18. Great White Fleet
    armada of 16 white battleships sent by Roosevelt on a "good will cruise" around the world
  19. Reason for Hostiles in Philippines after the Spanish-American War
    the US now owned them and they wanted independance
  20. US protection of its commercial interests in China
    using the Open Door policy and asserting its right to trade on the same terms as European countries
  21. Difficulties we faced with relations with Japan
    American prejudice in California schools
  22. Platt Amendment
    restricted the rights of newly independent Cubans and effectively brought the island within the US sphere
  23. "Big Stick Policy"
    Roosevelt's policy that announced america as an international police power
  24. Panama Canal
    canal build through the country of Panama for the purpose of shortening the travel distance between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
  25. Roosevelt Corollary
    America would step in if Cuba did anything to risk their independance
  26. Dollar Diplomacy
    Taft's policy that aimed to increase American banks, business, and investments throughout Central America
  27. Moral Diplomacy
    promoted human rights, national integrity and opportunity in other nations governed by the US
  28. Reason Cubans disliked the Platt amendment
    • it brought Cuba under US control and restricted their rights
    • also allowed US to intervene in Cuban Affairs
  29. Roosevelt's most important foreign-policies in central america
    Corollary and big stick diplomacy
  30. Militarism
    glorification of military
  31. Archduke Francis Ferdinand
    heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary whose assassination by a group of Bosnians indirectly led to the beginning of WWI
  32. Western Front
    the battle front in France that became the critical front in the war
  33. Trench Warfare
    the strategy of digging trenches to fortify a military position used by the Germans French and British
  34. U-Boats
    submarines used by the Germans to sink allied ships
  35. Lusitania
    British passenger boat sunk by a german U-boat off the coast of ireland
  36. Zimmerman note
    sent by German Foreign Minister Zimmerman to Mexico proposing an alliance with Mexico
  37. Nationalism and militarism push Europe toward war
    • Nationalism: heightened tensions among ethnic groups and highlighted territorial disputes and increased economic competition
    • Militarism: led to new weapons and created an arms race
    • Both increased competitions and existing tensions
  38. Reason for trench warfare
    change in weapons and the they offered a protective defense
  39. Reason Wilson feared American conflict during WWI
    He feared that if we entered the war then the different American nationalities would turn against each other
  40. German actions leading US to WWI
    • they violated the promise not to sink unarmed passenger ships twice
    • sent the Zimmerman note
  41. Selective Service Act
    • passed by Congress passed in May 1917¬†
    • a draft for men to join for WWI
  42. Bernard Baruch
    headed the War Industries Board which determined what products industries would make where those products went and their cost
  43. Espionage Act
    passed by Congress in 1917 allowing postal authorities to ban treasonable or seditious newspapers, magazines, or printed materials from the mail
  44. Great Migration
    movement of Blacks from the rural south to the industrial North
  45. Decision in Schenck vs US
    The US government, in times of war, may place reasonable limitations of freedom of speech
  46. Fourteen Points
    Woodrow Wilson's speech outlining his idea of "peace without victory"
  47. League of Nations
    proposed by Wilson to secure "mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike
  48. Reparations
    payment for war damages
  49. Irreconcilables
    isolationists senators opposed any treaty they had a league of nations folded into it
  50. Reason Wilson believed in the Fourteen points to prevent future wars
    • He wanted the to encourage self-determination instead of punitive
    • he said that if the victors punished losers Europe would have resentment