English: Chs 3 & 4

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Author:
littleg.ward
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253764
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English: Chs 3 & 4
Updated:
2013-12-18 18:20:40
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English practice
Folders:
First,Semester
Description:
First semester English practice
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  1. Be able to identify action and linking verbs.
    • Examples action verbs:
    • hooted     plays     thought     believe

    • Examples linking verbs:
    • all forms of the word "be"
    • appear     grow     seem     stay     become
  2. What is a verb?
    A WORD THAT EXPRESSES ACTION OR A STATE OF BEING
  3. What is an ACTION VERB?
    A VERB THAT EXPRESSES EITHER PHYSICAL OR MENTAL ACTIVITY
  4. What is a LINKING VERB?
    A VERB THAT EXPRESSES A STATE OF BEING.  A LINKING VERB CONNECTS, OR LINKS, THE SUBJECT TO A WORD OR WORD GROUP THAT IDENTIFIES OR DESCRIBES THE SUBJECT.
  5. What is a TRANSITIVE VERB?
    A VERB THAT EXPRESSES AN ACTION DIRECTED TOWARD A PERSON, PLACE, THING, OR IDEA
  6. What is an INTRANSITIVE VERB?
    A VERB THAT EXPRESSES ACTION (OR TELLS SOMETHING ABOUT THE SUBJECT) WITHOUT THE ACTION PASSING TO A RECEIVER, OR OBJECT.
  7. An ADVERB is a word that modifies a ________, an ________, or another ________.
    • VERB
    • ADJECTIVE
    • ADVERB
  8. What questions do adverbs answer?
    • 1. WHERE?
    • 2. WHEN?
    • 3. HOW?
    • 4. HOW OFTEN? or HOW LONG?
    • 5. TO WHAT EXTENT? or HOW MUCH?
  9. A ________ ________ includes a preposition, a noun or pronoun called the object of the ________, and any modifiers of that object.
    • PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
    • PREPOSITION
  10. Examples of prepositional phrases and the objects of the preposition….
    You can press those leaves under glass.


    Glass is the object of the preposition under.
  11. Examples of prepositional phrases and the objects of the preposition….
    Fred stood in front of us.

    Us is the object of the compound proposition in front of.
  12. Examples of prepositional phrases and the objects of the preposition….
    The books in my new pack are heavy.

    Pack is the object of the preposition in.  The words my and new modify pack.
  13. What does a conjunction do?
    IT JOINS WORDS OR WORD GROUPS
  14. What are the 7 coordinating conjunctions?
    • 1. AND               5. OR
    • 2. BUT               6. SO
    • 3. FOR               7. YET
    • 4. NOR
  15. What are the 5 pairs of of correlative conjunctions?
    • 1. BOTH….AND
    • 2. EITHER….OR
    • 3. NEITHER….NOR
    • 4. NOT ONLY….BUT ALSO
    • 5. WHETHER….OR
  16. A third kind of conjunction -- the ________ ________ -- introduces the adverb clause.
    SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION
  17. Examples of SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS….
    Meet me in the park after the bell chimes.

    Before I washed the dishes, I let them soak in the sudsy water.
  18. An interjection is a word that ________ ________.
    EXPRESSES EMOTION
  19. List 7 interjections.
    • 1. AHA            7. OUCH
    • 2. HEY             8. RATS
    • 3. HURRAY       9. WELL
    • 4. MY             10. WOW
    • 5. OH             11. YIKES
    • 6. OOPS         12. YIPPEE
  20. Be able to identify the part of speech of words in a sentence...
    • VERBS
    • ADVERBS
    • PREPOSITIONS
    • CONJUNCTIONS
    • INTERJECTIONS
  21. A complement is a word or word group that ________ the meaning of a ________.
    • COMPLEMENTS
    • VERB
  22. What is a direct object?
    A NOUN, PRONOUN, OR WORD GROUP THAT TELLS WHO OR WHAT RECEIVES THE ACTION OF THE VERB
  23. What is an indirect object?
    A NOUN, PRONOUN, OR WORD GROUP THAT SOMETIMES APPEARS IN SENTENCES CONTAINING DIRECT OBJECTS
  24. A subject complement is a word or a word group in the ________ that ________ or ________ the ________.
    • PREDICATE
    • IDENTIFIES
    • DESCRIBES
    • SUBJECT
  25. What is a PREDICATE ADJECTIVE?
    A WORD OR WORD GROUP THAT IS IN THE PREDICATE AND THAT IDENTIFIES THE SUBJECT
  26. What is a PREDICATE ADJECTIVE?
    AN ADJECTIVE THAT IS IN THE PREDICATE AND THAT DESCRIBES THE SUBJECT
  27. Examples of PREDICATE NOMINATIVES…..
    A dictionary is a valuable tool.

    Tool is a predicate nominative that identifies the subject dictionary.
  28. Examples of PREDICATE NOMINATIVES…..
    This piece of flint could be an old arrowhead.

    Arrowhead is a predicate nominative that identifies the subject piece.
  29. Examples of PREDICATE NOMINATIVES…..
    The winner of the race was she.

    She is a predicate nominative that identifies the subject winner.
  30. Examples of PREDICATE ADJECTIVES…..
    Cold milk taste good on a hot day.

    Good is a predicate adjective that describes the subject milk.
  31. Examples of PREDICATE ADJECTIVES…..
    The pita bread was light and delicious.

    Light and delicious form a compound predicate adjective that describes the subject bread.
  32. Examples of PREDICATE ADJECTIVES…..
    How kind you are!

    Kind is a predicate adjective that describes the subject you.
  33. Write a sentence that contains a direct object and an indirect object and label the 2 compliments.
    The doctor gave the child a shot for the flu.
  34. Write a sentence that contains a predicate nominative and label the subject complement.
    The young girl has an expensive phone.
  35. Write a sentence that contains a predicate adjective and label the subject complement.
    The candy tasted very good to the adult.

    ???

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