Organic Chemistry Synthesis

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Author:
mimamatom
ID:
253775
Filename:
Organic Chemistry Synthesis
Updated:
2013-12-27 19:43:47
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Organic Chemistry Synthesis
Folders:
Organic,Chemistry
Description:
Organic Chemistry reagents and functions
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  1. In what order does HBr added on to an organic compound?
    Markovnikov order: (Br on the most substituded position, and H on the less substituded position)
  2. In what order does HBr/H2O2 added on to an organic compound?
    Anti-Markovnikov order: (H on the most substituded position, and Br on the less substituded position)
  3. What can Hg(OAc)2, H2O, and NaBH4 do in a synthesis reaction?
    H and OH will be added by SYN ADDITION, with no carbocation rearrangement on an alkene
  4. What reagents can we use to add H and OH on to an alkene with no possible carbocation rearrangement?
    Hg(OAc)2, H2O, and NaBH4
  5. What will BH3·THF, H2O2, NaOH do in a synthesis rxn?
    it will add H and OH in a SYN ADDITION, in an Anti-Markovnikov order on an Alkene compound
  6. What will add H and OH in a SYN ADDITION, in an Anti-Markovnikov order on an alkene?
    BH3·THF, H2O2, NaOH
  7. What can H2 and Pt or Pd do in a synthesis rxn?
    Syn addition of H-H on alkene and alkyne; changing them to alkane
  8. What reagent can change alkene and alkyne to an alkane by syn addition of H-H?
    H2 and Pt or Pd
  9. What can X2 do in a synthesis rxn?
    anti-addition of X-X on an alkene (and alkyne?)
  10. What reagent can we use to have an anti-addition of X-X on an alkene (and alkyne?)?
    use X2/CCl4
  11. What can X2 and (H2O, EtOH, or EtNH) do in a synthesis rxn?
    • anti-addition of X and (OH, EtO, or EtN)
    • X on less substituted position
    • OH, EtO, or EtN on more substituted position
  12. What reagent can do the following?
    anti-addition of X and (OH, EtO, or EtN)X on less substituted position OH, EtO, or EtN on more substituted position
    X2 and (H2O, EtOH, or EtNH)
  13. OsO4 + NMO or KMnO4 + NaOH cold can do what to an alkene
    Syn addition of OH and OH (convert alkene to a diol)
  14. What reagent can convert an alkene to a diol by syn addition?
    OsO4 +MNO or KMnO4 + NaOH cold
  15. MCPBA or CH3CO3H + diluted acid (H30+) can do what to an alkene?
    anti addition of OH and OH; convert an alkene to a diol.
  16. What reagent can convert an alkene to a diol by anti addition of OH and OH?
    MCPBA or CH3CO3H + diluted acid (H30+)
  17. O3 + DMS can do what to an alkene?
    =o and o=
  18. What reagent can do this ( =o and o= ) to an alkene?
    O3 + DMS
  19. What reagent makes OH a good leaving group and yield a Zeitsev product?
    TsCl, pyridine + NaOET
  20. What reagent makes OH a good leaving group and yield a Hofmann product?
    TsCl, pyridine + BuOK
  21. TsCl, pyridine + BuOK can do what to an alkane with an OH attached to it?
    Makes OH become a good leaving group and BuOK will yield a Hofmann product
  22. TsCl, pyridine + NaOET can do what to an alkane with an OH attached to it?
    Makes OH become a good leaving group and NaOET will yield a Zeitsev product
  23. What reagent can convert an internal alkyne to a cis alkene?
    H2 + Lindlar's catalyst or H2 + Ni2B
  24. H2 + Lindlar's catalyst or H2 + Ni2B can do what?
    Convert an internal alkyne to a cis alkene
  25. What reagent can we use to convert a dihalide alkane to an alkyne?
    xs NaNH2/NH3 and H2O
  26. Na and NH3(l) can do what to an alkyne?
    Convert alkyne to trans alkene
  27. What reagent can convert an alkyne to trans alkene?
    Na and NH3(l)
  28. Fill in the missing reagent...

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