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- Influenced by European New Wave.
- Made a film in 1964 staring the Beatles titled A Hard Day’s Night.
- His cinematic style was good.
- Consided the “father of the music video”
Bonnie and Clyde
- Came out in 1967.
- Part of the Great Film Renaissance.
- This movie launches the trend.
- Warren Beatty produced it and also started as Clyde.
- He was intrigued by the French New Wave.
- Consists of elements from the Great Film Renaissance.
- 1) Criticism of military service and violence.
- 2) Materialism (suburbanism)
- 3) anti-Christianity
- 4) Emphasis on youth
- 5) Emphasis on sex, drugs, experimental sex. It had also used handheld cameras and the actors were method actors.
- Came out in 1971 and was directed by Don Siegel.
- Was part of the 1970s movie theme of “lone wolf film.”
- Where a frustrated male is frustrated with a situation in his life and acts on his own to correct it.
- This movie was successful in this theme.
- Directed by George Lucas in 1977.
- Lucas went from studio to studio to pitch it but was rejected each time until 20th Century Fox had accepted it.
- They had thought that the movie wouldn’t last, people predicted a cinematic disaster.
- There was not CGI (computer generated images).
- 1986 was the birth of the multiplex.
- The amount of movie theaters were decreasing but the amount of screens had increased in each building.
- Built near or in shopping malls.
- Designed to keep you comfortable so that you can stay there longer.
- 80% of their profits come from the snack bar.s
Francis Ford Coppola
- Director of the Godfather.
- Part of the New Generation Directors.
- Does traditional genre film.
- Auteur filmmaker.
- One of his theme of his movies is dark satire.
- His first noteworthy film was Blue Velvet (1986) which was combination of film noir and a porn film.
- Incorporated film to avoid certain fees.
- Breakthrough film is The Terminator.
- Loves technology and loves to blend technology.
- Idea of the Terminator first started about a nightmare.
- Another movie he had done was the Titanic.
- The first $200 million dollar movie.
The Ratings System
- Replaced the Production Code Administration.
- In 1968 Jack Valenti had created the MPPA film ratings system.
- Movies had ratings of G, M, R and X. Each rating shows how safe the film was, for children or not.
- Letter rating had an effect on the box office because people had aimed for a rating of R.
- Not a lot of people really cared for the rating of G.
- Directed M.A.S.H. which was about the Korean War.
- 14 directors had turned the film down.
- Part of the great film renaissance
- An auteur director.
- He had made a new approach to sound and dialogue and had used all new stars.
- The themes in this film were unpatriotic, antimilitary and anti-christianity.
- Came out in 1973 and was under the theme of occult films.
- Dealt with Satan and evil.
- Rejected Renaissance films.
- The villains started becoming non-humans
- The supreme problem of the world was the supernatural.
- There were dramatic religious revival.
- Directed by Steven Spielberg in 1975.
- Some breakthroughs from the film was special effect achievements (the mechanical shark) and the marketing (saturations booking for the first time).
- It became the top grossing film of all time.
- Directed by Francis Ford Coppola in 1979.
- Considered the ultimate auteur picture.
- The perfect combination of massive studio expenditure and equally massive artistic risk.
- Videocassette recorder.
- With a VCR you are able to record audio and video onto a videocassette and play it back later on.
- In 1980 Disney and Universal and filed a lawsuit against Sony who just introduced the Betamax videocassette and video recorder.
- However, the court held that Sony could not be held liable for what consumers might do with a VCR because the VCR can be used in a way that doesn’t infringe copyrights.
Industrial Light and Magic
- George Lucas’ state-of-the-art postproduction house.
- Between 1980 and 1999, ILM became the industry’s top effects house which supervised postproduction on over 150 films.
- A significant trend of African American depiction
- Designed for African American audiences.
- They were serious films.
- Elements of these films were
- 1) They take place in inner-city, poverish, crime cities
- 2) it dealt with crime and violence
- 3) Characters are criminals or policeman
- 4) rise of the Black Panther party (African Americans rising for self-defense)
- A film producer that had produced films like Die Hard (1998) and Lethal Weapon (1987).
- All the films he had produced has his auteur signature.
- A buff male star with a discernible expertise taking on some sort of cartel or conspiracy.
- High-profile celebrity auteur.
- Made politically incendiary films.
- He brings in race issues in all his subsequent films.
Made a career of making movies for and/or about kids in which he refuses to pander or condescend.