Affirmative action-intention/problems pg.319-323
Affirmative action- any procedure that permits consideration of race, gender, disability, or national origin, along with other variables, in order to provide equal opportunity to qualified individuals who have been denied those opportunities because of post discrimination.
Affirmative action programs violate a “sense of fairness” and thus run counter to Americans’ endorsement of the value of equality.
It provides an “unfair advantage” to members of targeted groups, and the eventual result will be a form of reverse discrimination.
The perceived fairness of a procedure has an impact on the evaluation of a person associated with the procedure.
When an affirmative action procedure is implemented, employees are identified on the basis of their race, and sex, and any perceived group differences become more salient.