restorative art

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restorative art
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2015-08-10 15:30:15
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  1. the care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color is the definition of
    restorative art
  2. the study of the face and its features is called
    physiognomy
  3. protrusion of the jaw is called
    prognathism
  4. the most common frontal view head shape is
    oval
  5. the vomer is located in the
    nasal cavity
  6. directly anterior to the ear passage lies the
    mandibular fossa
  7. the widest part of the cranium lies btwn the
    parietal eminences
  8. the bony structure that create the widest part of the face are the
    zygomatic arches
  9. the zygomatic arches can be used to locate the
    widest part of the face
  10. where is the superior border of the chin found when measured from the line of closure of the mouth to the base of the chin
    one-half
  11. where is the superior border of the chin found when measured from the base of the chin to the base of the noise
    one-third
  12. the superior border of the ear lies on the same transverse plane as the
    eyebrow
  13. when compared to the length of the face, the length of the ear is
    one-third
  14. the length of the ear is equal to the distance from the normal hairline to the
    eyebrow
  15. if the measurement of one eye is 1/2 inches wide, the face at its widest part will measure
    seven and one-half inches
  16. what is the greatest width of the face when compared to the width of the mouth
    2 1/2 times
  17. what is the distance btwn the eyes when compared to the width of the mouth
    1/2
  18. the width of THE eye is equal to
    the distance btwn the eyes
  19. the width of AN eye is equal to
    the width of the base of the nose
  20. if one eye measures 1 1/4 inches in width, the mouth will be
    2 1/2
  21. if the width of the left eye measures 1 3/4 inches, the distance btwn the eyes will be
    1 3/4
  22. the distance from the base of the nose to the base of the chin is equal to the distance from the base of the nose to the
    eyebrow
  23. the distance from the eyebrow to the base of the nose is equal to the distance from the
    hairline to the eyebrow
  24. the distance from the eyebrow to the base of the nose is equal to
    the length of the ear
  25. what is the location of the line of closure of the mouth when measured from the base of the chin to the base of the nose
    2/3
  26. where do the lips meet when measured from the base of the nose to the base of the chin
    1/3
  27. the lips meet each other
    one-half the distance from the base of the nose to the superior border of the chin
  28. the lip meet
    2/3 the distance from the base of the chin to the base of the nose
  29. the feature of the face that is two eyes wide is the
    mouth
  30. the width of the mouth is equal to
    twice the distance btwn the eyes
  31. the width to the mouth is equal to
    twice the width of the eye
  32. the width of the mouth is equal to
    twice the width of the base of the nose
  33. the distance from the eyebrow to the base of the chin to the distance from the normal hairline to the
    base of the nose
  34. one of the 3 major proportional divisions of the face is measured from the
    base of the nose to the base if the chin
  35. parietal eminence is the
    eminence above and behind the ear
  36. one of the 3 major proportional divisions of the face is measured from the
    normal hairline to the eyebrow
  37. if the lower third of the face is subdivided into 3 parts, one of the lines of division will extend across the
    superior border of the chin
  38. if the lower third of the face is subdivided into 3 parts, one of the lines of division extends across the
    line of closure of the mouth
  39. the practical value of studying facial proportions from the photograph is
    detection of variations from perfect size relationships
  40. the small bony eminence at the median line of the chin is known as the
    mental eminence
  41. the supraorbital margin is created is created by the
    frontal bone
  42. the prominence of the cheeks is affected by the
    zygomatic bone
  43. the incisive fossa is a depression associated with the
    mandible
  44. the parietal eminence mark the widest part of the
    cranium
  45. the foramen magnum is an opening in the
    occipital bone
  46. the largest singular bone of the face is the
    mandible
  47. the sternocleidomastoid muscle create the widest part of the
    neck
  48. the mastoid process is a bony landmark of the
    temporal bone
  49. the eminence located btwn the eyebrow is the
    glabella
  50. the vertical portion of the mandible is the
    ramus
  51. the average adult human body is
    7 1/2 to 8 heads tall
  52. the anterior "non-articulating" process on the ramus of the mandible is the
    coronoid process
  53. a profile form in which both the forehead and chin protrude beyond the projection of the upper lip is
    concave
  54. the # of basic linear forms of facial profiles is
    3
  55. the most common facial profile is
    convex
  56. a profile form noted for a slight recession in both the forehead and the chin is
    concave
  57. a receding chin and protruding forehead characterize a facial profile as
    concave-convex
  58. a facial profile in which the forehead, upper lip, and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical line is
    balanced
  59. a vertical forehead and a chin that protrudes more than the upper lip characterize a facial profile as
    vertical-concave
  60. a vertical forehead and a chin that recedes from the projection of the upper lip characterize a facial profile as
    balanced-convex
  61. how many profile variations are created when the basic linear profile classifications are combined
    6
  62. the least common geometric form of head shape from the frontal aspect is
    triangular
  63. the # of geometric head shapes from the frontal aspect is
    7
  64. the most common head shape from the frontal viewpoint is
    oval
  65. a broad head shape noted for its lack of curvature is recognized as
    strong
  66. the head shape that is wider btwn the angles of the jaw than it is across the forehead is the
    trriangular
  67. which head shape exhibits great width across the cheekbones and narrow width in the forehead and jaws
    diamond
  68. what is a comparison of two sides of the face to observe similarities and differences of form
    bilateral
  69. paired structures that exhibit the greatest differences in position and form are the
    ears
  70. which surfaces do not exhibit similarity in their bilateral curvatures
    submandibular area
  71. a forehead that recedes from the eyebrow to the hairline and an upper lip and chin that project equally to a vertical line characterize the facial profile as
    convex-vertical
  72. a forehead that protrudes while the upper lip and chin projects equally to a vertical line characterize a facial profile as
    concave-vertical
  73. a recurved margin having greater projection than the adjacent area physiognomically describes a
    fold
  74. a crevice in the skin accompanied by bordering elevations physiognomically describes
    a sulcus or furrow
  75. Emaciate areas may be treated by
    injection of massage cream
  76. to reduce swollen eyes
    apply heat from the electric spatula
  77. wrinkled eyelids cause by reduction of a swelling can be treated by
    waxing
  78. what is NOT characteristic of the growth of the cilia
    they are smaller in diameter than cranial hair
  79. a protruding eye may require
    aspiration of the cranium
  80. one precaution to take when using the electric spatula is
    always keep the skin liberally creamed
  81. one disadvantage in the use of the electric spatula is that it can
    wrinkle and darken the skin
  82. protruding eyes are generally an indication of
    pressure of gas build-up in the cranial cavity
  83. in cases of severe eyelid laceration, it may be necessary to
    excise and rebuild with wax
  84. eyelids that separate may be corrected by
    stretching and cementing
  85. which condition requiring restoration would most likely by the immediate result of trauma
    laceration
  86. what type of conditions requiring restoration would most likely be a direct result of disease
    surface lesions
  87. edematous areas can sometimes be treated by
    injecting stronger arterial soltions
  88. a cavity pack will
    dehydrate and bleach tissues
  89. recreating pores in a was restoration may NOT be accomplished by using
    ligature
  90. tissue to be restored with wax must be firm and dry because
    wax will not easily adhere to moist surfaces
  91. removal of the skin caused by friction against a firm object or surface results in
    an abrasion
  92. instant bond adhesive are best used for
    closing small clean incisions
  93. what would NOT cause distention during embalming
    strong arterial solution
  94. scab removal is recommended because
    waxing over a scab can destroy normal skin contours
  95. a primary reason for applying msg cream to an exposed area is
    to inhibit dehydration
  96. arterial dyes can result in
    blotching
  97. what problems are commonly associated with ecchymosis around the eyes
    swelling and discoloration
  98. which procedure generally gives best results during embalming when a black eye is present
    strong fluid, low pressure
  99. what would NOT prove useful in treating discolored eyelids
    external pressure during embalming
  100. reduction of swelling may be accomplished by
    lancing use of emollient fluids in embalming
  101. the primary characteristic of a first degree burn is
    redness
  102. the primary characteristic of a third degree burn is
    charring
  103. burns incurred after death are classified as
    third degree
  104. what is NOT required in treating second degree burns
    excising of charring tissue
  105. when most of the hair mass remains, singed hair may be treated by
    darkening with an eyebrow pencil
  106. first degree burns require
    corrective cosmetic treatment
  107. restorative art is the care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color

    t/f
    t
  108. physiognomy is the study of the face and its features

    t/f
    t
  109. the width of the mouth can be determined by the length of the ear

    t/f
    f
  110. the need for a cosmetic undercoat in burn cases depends on
    darkness of the discoloration
  111. in the case of swollen lips and eyes resulting from burns, surgical reduction would
    be performed after embalming
  112. unsound tissue in the area of a malignant tumor should be
    excised
  113. a cancerous area should be excised in most instances
    after emblaming
  114. when excising malignant tissue, the area should
    be dried and sealed
  115. in case of decapitation, torn jagged tissue should be
    trimmed away
  116. when a wood or metal dowel is used to join a decapitated head to a torso, the dowel is usually attached to the torso by
    forcing into or wiring to the vertebral column
  117. with the lower end of a dowel attached to the torso in a decapitation case, the upper end is inserted into the
    foremen magnum
  118. distention in a dead human body is NOT caused by
    dehydration
  119. distention may NOT be reduced by
    arterial injection with a closed drain tube
  120. distention could be reduce by
    surgical reduction
  121. skin slip is also know as
    desquamation
  122. skin slip is the result of
    putrefaction
  123. to treat areas of skin slip
    remove loose skin
  124. arterial embalming may
    arrest the cause of putrefaction
  125. following embalming, an area of skin slip would be
    injecting with cavity fluid
  126. following the removal of loose skin and hypodermic injection, an area of skin slip should be
    dried with a cavity fluid compress
  127. undercutting an excision helps to
    hold wax in place
  128. a fracture of the bone that results in the bone protruding through the skin is a
    compound fracture
  129. a fracture with no break in the skin is a
    simple fracture
  130. Hair for a restoration would NOT be attached by
    using massage cream
  131. hair restorations to the sideburns of a male should
    be applied so that each application overlaps the preceding one
  132. the direction of hair growth of the eyebrow is
    obliquely upward and outward
  133. a danger in hypodermic tissue building is
    overfilling similar parts of the face
  134. a hidden point of entry for hypodermic tissue building in the temporal region is
    the lateral end of the eyebrow
  135. when injecting liquid tissue builder
    the tissue builder should be injected as the needle is withdrawn
  136. a pre-embalming treatment when dealing penetrating wounds is
    plugging the wound
  137. which suture is used on exposed area
    intradermal
  138. the basket weave suture is used to
    hold the edges od an excision in position
  139. the original scientific standard of color is the
    value scale
  140. the colors of the spectrum are represented by the letters
    ROY-G-BIV
  141. breaking up white light into its many colors is called
    dispersion
  142. the color seen by the eye are those that are
    reflected
  143. the lightness or darkness of hue is referred to as its
    value
  144. the brightness or dullness of a hue is its
    intensity
  145. red to which white has been added is a
    tint of red
  146. blue to which black has been added is a
    shade of blue
  147. the addition of a small amount of green to a large amount of red creates a
    tone of red
  148. pigment color theory that employs the color wheel is the
    Prang System
  149. which hues can be combined to create all other hues
    primary
  150. the mixture of a small amount of a cool hue with a large amount of a warm hue creates a
    tertiary hue
  151. those hues on the side of the color wheel containing red are identified as
    warm
  152. the equal mixture of two primary hues creates a
    secondary hue
  153. those hues on the side of the color wheel containing green and blue are identified as
    cool
  154. the three primary hues and the three secondary hues in pigment are known as the
    standard hues
  155. white, grey, and black are identified as
    achromatic colors
  156. how many hues are on the color wheel
    12
  157. two hues that, when placed side by side, enrich each other are side to be
    complementry
  158. a color scheme utilizing one hue with its tints, shades, and tones is identified as
    monochromatic
  159. a color scheme utilizing two or more hues that have the same hue in common is identified as
    analogous
  160. a color scheme that uses two hues which lie opposite each other on the color wheel is identified as
    complentary
  161. what would NOT be externally applied
    Active dyes
  162. pigment cosmetics necessary to duplicate almost any complexion coloring include all but what color
    black
  163. orange is an equal mixture of
    red and yellow
  164. green is an equal mixture of
    yellow and blue
  165. red-purple is an equal mixture of
    red and purple
  166. purple is an equal mixture of
    blue and red
  167. yellow-green is an equal mixture of
    green and yellow
  168. the complement of a secondary pigmentary hue is
    the primary hue not required to mix it
  169. what can be used to produce a shade of a hue
    black
  170. two pigmentary hues are said to be complementary if their mixture in equal quantities will produce
    gray
  171. if an object is identified as white, it
    reflects almost all colors
  172. terms employed to describe a specific color are hue, value, and
    intensity
  173. plaster of paris will set quickly if mixed with
    warm salt water
  174. plaster of paris will set slowly if mixed with
    cold vinegar water
  175. the surface restorer wax is used primarily for what
    minor integumentary restorations
  176. in a warm environment, which restorative wax is recommended for surface restorations
    medium consistency
  177. what components of restorative wax is incorporated to impart color to the wax
    pigment
  178. which is considered the primary anatomical guide for locating and positioning a restored ear
    the external auditory meatus
  179. ligature is suggested for the creation of
    furrows
  180. what would NOT create a firmer restorative wax
    the addition of an opaque cosmetic to the wax
  181. what ingredients of restorative wax is incorporated to affect wax consistency and degree of hardness
    starch
  182. what is the ideal time interval btwn embalming and initiation of a wax restoration
    8-10 hrs
  183. which suture joints the two parietal bones
    sagittal
  184. orbital pouch is associated with which facial feature
    the eye
  185. supercilium is a term associated with which facial feature
    the eye
  186. if one hue in a complementary color scheme is orange, the remaining hue would be
    blue
  187. what is NOT an acquired facial marking
    the submental sulcs
  188. what is an acquired facial marking
    the nasolabial sulcus
  189. what is a nature facial marking
    the oblique palperbral sulcus
  190. what is a nature facial marking
    the nasolabial fold
  191. when measured from the normal hairline to the base of the chin, what is the location of the superior border of the chin
    8/9
  192. when measured from the normal hairline to the base of the chin, what is the location of the eyebrows
    1/3
  193. where is the base of the nose found when measured from the normal hairline to the base of the chin
    2/3
  194. when measured form the base of the chin to the normal hairline, where is the line of mouth closure found
    2/9
  195. what is the location of the superior border of the chin when measured from the base of the chin to the eyebrows
    1/6
  196. what is the location of the superior border of the chin when measured from the eyebrows to the based of the chin
    1/6
  197. what is NOT characteristic of a quality restorative wax
    loss of shape and form under varying temperature
  198. in which part of the face do the lip meet
    lower 1/3
  199. the eyebrow is most often thicker at the
    head
  200. the supraorbital area is part of which facial feature
    the eye
  201. Swollen eyelids can be corrected by
    aspiration with a hypodermic syringe
  202. hypodermic tissue building is
    a post-embalming restorative treatment
  203. the restoration of hair is
    a post-embalming restorative treatment
  204. points of entry for hypodermic tissue building should be
    hidden
  205. the tail portion of the eyebrow moves
    obliquely downward
  206. insertion of a rod into the foremen magnum and the spinal column is a technique for restoring
    a decapitation
  207. a jagged tearing of the flesh best describes
    a laceration
  208. a cancerous tumor location on an exposed area that does NOT distort the face or its features should be
    excised after embalming
  209. what is NOT an effective treatment for distended tissue
    arterial injection using a rapid rate of flow
  210. the normal direction of growth of the supercilium is
    laterally upward and outward
  211. how much larger is the superior palpebra than the inferior palpebra
    3 times larger
  212. what would NOT be used as a restorative treatment for buck teeth
    a cavity fluid compress
  213. what would NOT be used as a restorative treatment for separated lips
    application of a cavity fluid compress
  214. the prominence on the midline of the superior mucous membrane is known as the
    medial lobe
  215. the anterior ridge of the nose is known as the
    dorsum
  216. from the profile view of the nose, the concave dip below the glabella is the
    root of the nose
  217. the lateral lobe of the nose is called
    wing
  218. the most inferior part of the nose is known
    columna nasi
  219. the vertical partition dividing the nasal cavity into two chambers is the
    septum
  220. the branches of the inner rim of the ear are known as the
    crura
  221. the concave shell of the central ear is known as the
    concha
  222. the furrow origination beneath the jawline and rising vertically on the cheek is the
    mandibular sulcus
  223. the posterior projection of the superior border of the vertical portion of the mandible is known as the
    condyle
  224. the wedge-shape feature projecting form each side of the head is known as the
    pinna
  225. the ear passage lies directly posterior to the
    mandibular fossa
  226. how many bony landmarks of the temporal bone can be used to locate a restored ear on the side of the head
    four
  227. which bony structure divides the length of the ear into halves
    the zygomatic arch
  228. the outer rim of the ear is known as the
    helix
  229. the protruding ridge of the nose that extends form the root of the nose to the protruding lobe is the
    dorsum
  230. the wings of the nose are known as the
    lateral lobes
  231. what can be used as support for the lips when part or all of the teeth are missing
    thin cardboard
  232. the superior palpebra is also known as the
    upper eyelid
  233. the helix and antihelix of the ear are separated by a long shallow depression known as the
    scapha
  234. what depression marks the measurement of the central one-third of the ear's length
    the concha
  235. the lower one-third of the ear's length is the
    lobe
  236. eyes sunken in the eye sockets can be restored by
    supporting the eyelids with cotton
  237. emaciation occurring at the borders of the eye socket can be corrected by
    hypodermic tissue building
  238. swollen eyelids can be reduced by
    external
  239. what treatments can be used to reduce swollen eyelids
    application of a cavity fluid compess
  240. wrinkled eyelids caused by the reduction of swelling can be corrected by
    application of heat from the electric spatula
  241. badly lacerated eyelids can be effectively restored by
    excision and rebuilding with restorative was
  242. the seven colors in white light discovered by Sir Isaac Newton are known as
    the spectrum
  243. pigmentary hues are measured in terms of their vale, intensity, and
    hue
  244. the most common characteristics of the face or a facial feature best defines
    norm
  245. what is refers to an anatomical location that is higher in plane or position
    superior
  246. the general shape of the nasal cavity is
    pear-shaped
  247. the scroll-like bones found in the nasal cavity are known as the
    inferior nasal conchae
  248. the superior margin of the nasal wing marks the origin of which facial marking
    the nasolabial sulcus
  249. from the profile, when structure of the nose lies at a right angle to the upper lip
    the columna nasi
  250. the greatest width of the columna nasi lies closer to the
    upper integumentary lip
  251. the closed eyelids resemble the shape of
    an almond
  252. the hair of the cilia is
    greater in diameter than cranial hair
  253. warm hues make objects appear to
    advance
  254. the measurement of the extension of a part beyond its surrounding refers to
    projection
  255. what is the characteristic shape of the body of the mandible
    horse-shoe
  256. the most common form of the philtrum is
    parenthesis- shape
  257. in youth, the shape of the angulus oris is
    triangular
  258. dimples can be identified in form as both round and
    vertical
  259. the transverse frontal sulci are usually deepest near the
    eyebrows
  260. which anatomical structure can be used to determine the proper angle of a restored ear
    the posterior margin of the ramus
  261. what is an external bone of the cranium
    the occipital bone
  262. what is external bone of the cranium
    the frontal bone
  263. what is an external bone of the face
    the maxilla
  264. what is an external bone of the face
    the mandible
  265. the eyeball is located in the
    orbital cavity
  266. the tongue is located in the
    oral cavity
  267. what is a part of the ear
    the concha
  268. what is a part of the eye
    the naso-orbital
  269. what muscle is part of the eye
    the orbicularis-oculi
  270. antemortem and/or postmortem injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object, resulting in the removal of the epidermis
    Abrasion
  271. a localized accumulation of pus
    abscess
  272. the process of taking in, as in a colored object which absorbs certain rays of light and reflect other rays giving the object its recognizable color
    absorption
  273. to bluntly adjoin another structure; for example, the line of eye closure
    abut
  274. dimethylketon; a colorless liquid which is used to soften and remove scabs; a solvent for restorative wax, or stain remover
    acetone
  275. a color not found in the visible spectrum; a neutral color such as white, black, gray, and silver and gold ( for decorative purpose)
    achromatic color
  276. facial markings that develop during one's lifetime, primarily as a result of repetitious use of certain muscles
    acquired facial markings
  277. a process of mixing colored lights on a surface in which the wave lengths of each are combined; adding two or more colored lights together to create anther color of light
    additive method
  278. sticking to or adhering closely; substances which may be applies in order to sustain contact of two surfaces
    adhesive
  279. a colloidal solution dispensed as a mist
    aerosol
  280. psychological; a visual impression remaining after the stimulus has been removed
    after-image
  281. a pressured atomizer utilized for spraying liquid paint or cosmetic upon a surface
    airbrush

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