Lecture - Rise of Industry/US @ 1900

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Lecture - Rise of Industry/US @ 1900
2014-01-01 15:36:02
CLEP PREP History II Rise Industry
CLEP PREP History II Rise of Industry http://college.cengage.com/history/lecturepoints/
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  1. Who emigrated from Scotland at the age of 12 got his first job as a "bobbin boy" in a textile mill and eventually made millions in the steel industry?
    Andrew Carnegie
  2. What prominent business man went by the philosophy "watch the costs and the profit will take care of itself?"
    Andrew Carnegie
  3. Business strategy concerns controlling all portions of the manufacturing process from raw materials to distribution?
    Vertical Integration
  4. What business strategy did Carnegie use to make his company so profitable?
    Vertical Integration
  5. What business man undercut competitors by lowering prices until the competition could no longer do business then raising the prices back up?
    John D. Rockefeller
  6. What business strategy consists of acquiring competing companies or putting them out of business to increase market share?
    Horizontal Integration
  7. What oil tycoon used both Horizontal and Vertical Integration to dominate his competition?
  8. Who invented the phonograph and motion picture camera?
    Thomas Edison
  9. What was the invention factory that Thomas Edison worked in when he created most of his inventions?
    "Menlo Park" Menlo Park, NJ
  10. How many children were working by 1900?
    2 million
  11. Why would some employers seek to hire female workers?
    Because they were paid less than there male counterpart
  12. What effect did industrialization have on the U.S.?
    It destroyed the environment, caused pollution, and had factory workers laboring in extremely tough conditions
  13. What labor union that was founded in 1869 was expanded greatly under Terence Powderly?
    The Knights of Labor
  14. This Union was open to all laborers and had a membership of 700,000 by the 1880's.
    The Knights of Labor
  15. What were the goals of the Knights of Labor?
    • 1. Equal pay for women
    • 2. End child labor
    • 3. Limit Chinese immigration
    • 4. 8 hour work day
    • 5. A graduated income tax
  16. What hurt the Knights of labor Union causing a lot of members to leave the organization?
    The Haymarket Riot May 4, 1886
  17. What labor union was formed in 1884 by Samuel Gompers and was open to skilled workers only?
    American Federation of Labor
  18. By 1904 this union had a membership of around 1.6 million people.
  19. What were the goals of the AFL?
    • 1. 8 hour workday
    • 2. Employer liability for job site injuries
  20. The total population of blacks in 1900 was around 9 million. What % lived in the South?
  21. What were Exodusters?
    Blacks who left the South to start farms in Kansas
  22. In what system did land owners divide their land into 50 acre plots and charge the people they allowed to farm it 50% or more of their crop as rent?
    The share-cropping system
  23. What % of land in the deep south was share-cropped?
  24. This system was used with share-cropping and allowed farmers to purchase tools, seeds, etc. on credit but the merchants often charge upwards of 50% interest resulting in a cycle of indebtedness.
    Crop-lien systems
  25. What court ruling established the "seperate but equal" doctrine?
    Plessy v. Ferguson
  26. Plessy v. Ferguson involved what LA law?
    The law stated that all train cars had to be segregated for either blacks of whites
  27. What followed the ruling on the Plessy v. Ferguson decision in cities and communities in the South?
    Jim Crow laws that enabled the segregation of blacks from whites in practically every aspect of life
  28. In the late 1800's and early 1900's American received a massive wave of what was called 'New Immigrants" what does that term refer to?
    Immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe that hadn't until that point been a factor in immigration
  29. Oliver Kelly formed what organization in 1867, whose goal was to provide education and emotional support for Great Plains and Midwestern Farmers?
    The Grange
  30. What was a major political goal of The Grange?
    To end railway discounts that were aimed at large companies
  31. What was the primary cause of the Panic of 1893?
    The slow down of growth from the rail industry
  32. Why was President Cleveland targeted with anger during the Panic of 1893?
    Because he took a "laissez-faire" approach
  33. Who formed an army during the Panic of 1873 that marched to DC and demanded that the government sponsor public works projects to help unemployment?
    Jacob Coxey (Coxey's Army)
  34. Happening in the background of the Panic of 1893 the election of 1896 involved what 2 major party candidates?
    • William Bryan - Democrat
    • McKinley - Repubican
  35. What was the major policy issue that encouraged farmer's support of William Bryan in the 1896 election?
    His "free silver" program
  36. In the election of 1896 Mckinley's main support came from the pro-business sect primarily because of his support of what?
    • 1. Protective Tariffs
    • 2. The gold standard
  37. What war occurred in 1898 over conditions created in Cuba by the Spanish government?
    Spanish-American War
  38. What event got the Spanish-American war started?
    The sinking of US battleship Maine in Havana Harbour where 226 Americans were killed
  39. On May 1, 1898 what admiral steamed into Manilla bay allowing for troops to occupy Manilla by mid-August?
    Adm. Dewey
  40. What was the Spanish-American war referred to by John Hay?
    "The Splendid Little War"
  41. What were 4 positives that came from the Spanish-American war?
    • 1. T. Roosevelt emerged as a hero
    • 2. Only lasted 6 weeks
    • 3. US won
    • 4. US acquired an overseas empire
  42. Despite only losing 379 in combat during the Spanish-American war, what caused the loss of thousands more American Lives?
    Disease and other issues. Up to 5000 deaths