Procedures Chapter 9

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Procedures Chapter 9
2013-12-24 21:26:13
IBS 102

chapter 9
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  1. blood test that measures the amount of cardiac enzymes characteristically released during a myocardial infarction: determines the amount of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine phosphokinase (CK or CPK) in the blood. Tropin l and T are two protiens that are released from cardiac muscle during an infarction
    cardiac enzymes test
  2. blood test to determine the degree of inflammation in the body. it is used to predict the risk of heart disease
    C-reactive protien (CRP) test
  3. test used to predict a patient's risk of stroke and CAD
    homocysteine levels
  4. blood test to measure the lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides) in the circulating blood
    lipid profile
  5. process of recording the vessels of the heart
    angiocardiography / coronary angiography
  6. forming a vessel to repair, dilate, replace, or supplement it
  7. crushing a vessel. procedure done to control bleeding
    angiotripsy / vasotripsy
  8. forming a correction to the aorta to correct aortic defects such as aortic aneurysms
  9. procedure used to relieve severe angina in a patient who cannot tolerate a CABG or PTCA. with a laser, a series of holes is made in the heart muscle in the hope of increasing blood flow by stimulating new blood vessels to grow (angiogenesis)
    transmyocardial revascularization
  10. threading of a catheter (thin tube) into the heart to collect diagnostic information about structures in the heart, coronary arteries, and great vessels
    cardiac catheterization
  11. immobilization of the heart in order to perform cardiac surgery.
    cardioplegia / asystole of the heart
  12. changing an abnormal heart rhythm to a normal one using either chemicals or electricity
  13. open-heart surgery in which a piece of a blood vessel from another location is grafted onto one of the coronary arteries to reroute blood around a blockage
    coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
  14. use of ultrasonic waves directed through the heart to study the structure and motion of the heart
    echocardiography (ECHO)
  15. recording of electrical impulses of the heart as wave deflections of a needle on an instrument
    electrocardiography (ECG, EKG)
  16. a mechanical pump device that assists a patient's weakened heart by pulling blood from the left ventricle into the pump and then ejecting it out into the aorta. may be used on patients awaiting a transplant
    left ventricular assist device (LVAD)
  17. surgical procedure in which the heart is still beating while a minimal incision is made over the blocked coronary artery and an artery from the chest wall is used as the bypass
    minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB)
  18. surgical puncture of the pericardium to remove fluid from the pericardial sac for emergency treatment or for diagnostic purposes
    pericardiocentesis / pericardial tap
  19. release of adhesions of the pericardium. may be done to treat a sequela of a pericardial inflammation
  20. the process of forming a closure of an abnormal opening in an interatrial or interventricular wall
  21. repair of a heart valve damaged in disorders such as tricuspid stenosis or rheumatic heart disease
  22. suture of an artery
  23. removal of the atheromatous plaque from the inner lining of an artery
  24. removal of a vein. if termed "ambulatory" it is a procedure to remove superficial vericose veins
  25. process of x-ray recording a vein after injection of a contrast medium
  26. literally cutting of a vein for the purpose of collecting blood
    phlebotomy / venipuncture
  27. process of crushing a vein to control bleeding
  28. to cut out part or all of a lymph gland. usually performed as part of treatment for a malignant neoplasm
  29. imaging of lymph vessels and glands after the injection of a contrast medium to increase the visibility of the area being studied. may be done in conjunction with a lymph node biopsy to determine the possible spread of cancer
  30. to cut out part or all of the spleen to treat splenomegaly or a ruptured spleen
  31. fixing a spleen that is out of place because of trauma or a congenital condition
  32. to cut out part or all of the thymus gland to treat cancer or myasthenia gravis