Milton Model Hypnotic Language

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  1. Mind Reading
    By claiming knowledge we could not have—even though what is claimed seems reasonable or even a truism—enables us to make indirect suggestions.
    • 'Part of your mind is wondering how fast you are going into trance right now...' 
    • 'You are becoming more curious about how that change is occurring' 
    • 'Your mind is now becoming more open to the idea of change...'.
    • You are wondering if you will really experience hypnosis.
    •  I know you understand certain things.
    •  As you are now in this special place, and you are feeling relaxed, there is no need to think.
    • I know that you want to know...” 

    - Meta Model Antidote: "How do you know that?"
  2. Cause and Effect implied
    The therapist makes a statement that implies that one thing causes another, or states that one thing is true, therefore the next thing must be true. The statement may be untrue, or there may be no direct link between the one thing and the other.
    • 'And knowing that you can stop gives you the right to change.'
    •  'Snapping that tape means you are choosing a different life '
    •  'You don't need to smoke any more because so many people love you and need you '.

    Examples: If... then... As you... then you... “Because...” 

    - Meta Model Antidote: "Are you sure about the cause of that?"
  3. Comparative Deletions
    We omit saying who thinks it‘s better, leaving it up to the listener to decide. We also avoid stating an authority. We also omit saying which is the basis for comparison, leaving this to the listener‘s unconscious mind.
    • It is better to relax deeply [compared with what?]
    • It could be something really worth doing. [compared with doing what?]
    •  “And it’s more or less the right thing.” 
    • - Meta Model Antidote: "More or less than what?"
  4. Unspecific Comparison
    A typical Milton Model statement will use words to imply something, and relies on the mind being to busy listening to the next words to really question the truth or logic of the what was just heard. In a classic Milton Model statement, a comparison is made, but does not specify what is being compared with.
    • 'You will find yourself changing faster '. 'and you may find you are much more relaxed'. 
    • 'Every day in every way, you are getting better and better.
    • 'An unspecified comparison can be identified by asking '----er than what?'.
  5. The Milton Model is all about using words in an 'artfully vague' way. A nominalisation is a word formed from a process. For example the verb 'to restrict' can be nominalised into the noun 'restriction'. The word restriction is then treated as if it is a 'thing' and the fact that it refers to a ongoing process is forgotten. By using the nominalisation the thing is treated as if it is over and done with, when in fact the process may still be going on. Nouns ending in '-ship', '-ment', '-ion' or '-ings' are often nominalisations, for example 'relationship', 'annulment', 'learnings', 'decision'. By treating the word as a noun, the fact that you are asking the person to go through a process is hidden.
    • We omit saying who and saying how. The listener‘s unconscious is free to add the missing parts.
    • You may notice a new confidence developing.
    • Certain changes are occurring.
    • You can imagine what qualities you might bring to this problem.
    • New learnings (teachings /understandings /ideas) can occur.
    • 'Your relaxation is increasing as you listen to my voice '. 
    • 'By moving your finger you confirm your irrevocable decision. ' 
    • ' may wonder which part of your achievement you will enjoy most'.
    •  “ insights, and new understandings.” - Meta Model Antidote: "How is it specifically that you come to see or understand?"
  6. Universal Quantifiers 
    include these words:
     all  every  never  always  nobody  each  any 
    We can use them to generalise the hearer‘s experience.
    • And all these things will help you become more and more relaxed. 
    • You can experience any change which lets you know that it is working.
    •  “And everything, always...” 
    • - Meta Model Antidote: "Really? Everything? Everyone?, Always?"
  7. Unspecified Nouns
    We do not say which ones we are talking about, so someone who might resist being told, "You can relax", might happily respond to "People can relax", substituting themselves as an example of "people" (and relaxing).
    • People can relax.
    • There are important things in everybody‘s lives. Women find this helpful.
    • Scientists tell us this is good.
    • Meta Model antidote: Which people? What things? Which Women? What Scientists?
  8. Unspecific Verb
    Like the Milton Model unspecific objects, Milton Model verbs sound good but are hard to pin down. The unconscious mind accepts the word in context and supplies its own meaning. Words such as 'wonder, change, understand, think, feel' etc., are non-specific and can apply to anything.  learn  know  understand  change  wonder  think  feel
    • Here we omit the "how" of the verb.
    • You may understand at once, or later
    • Everybody knows how to learn.
    • How nice it is to wonder as the changes occur naturally. 
    • 'and you may be wondering about how best to go into trance'. 
    • 'and soon the time will come when you grasp all this.'
    •  'your unconscious mind will understand everything it needs'.
    • And you can, happily.” -
    • Meta Model Antidote: "And I can what, happily?"
  9. Commentary adjectives and adverbs
    • It is an important milestone to be able to observe such changes.
    • You may be surprised and excited when you notice the changes.
    • And it‘s wonderful to know that you can learn this.
    • Luckily, the unconscious mind can do this.
  10. Conjunctions
    There is a progression in causality in the use of conjunctions. The suggestions below go from 'and‘, which is a simple link, implying no connection explicitly; to time words such as "as‘ which are a stronger implication of cause; and finally, to explicit cause, using "because‘ in the example.
    • 1. You are sitting in the chair and feeling relaxed.
    • 2. As you are sitting in the chair, you feel relaxed.
    • 3. Because you are sitting in the chair, you feel relaxed.
    • And "And‘" is a simple linking of two things with hardly a suggestion of causation:
    • Mmm! You take a deep breath and feel even more relaxed.
  11. Non Sequitur
    A Milton Model non sequitur is a statement presented in the form of 'cause leads to effect', A > B, but where there is in fact no logical connection between A and B. The structure of the statement fools the listener by starting with a statement of something that is true and then specifying an outcome that does not logically follow. Getting the client to focus on their breathing has nothing to do with relaxation, but by stating something that is true, that they are focusing on their breathing, the mind is distracted into accepting the second part, that they can relax, without examining the causal link between them.
    • '... paying attention to your breathing can make you relax even more. ' 
    • 'You will be returning to the present, and bringing with you everything have learned today.' 
    • 'as I count down the steps you will go deeper into trance'.
    • These can be identified by testing 'Oh, really? And how does that work?'
  12. Time Words
    The relation between two ideas can be expressed more strongly by using time words:
    •  During  Soon  While  As  When
    • For instance:
    • As you begin to settle in the chair, soon you will feel more and more relaxed.
  13. Mind Reading
    By claiming knowledge we could not have—even though what is claimed seems reasonable or even a truism—enables us to make indirect suggestions.
    • You are wondering if you will really experience hypnosis.
    • I know you understand certain things.
    • As you are now in this special place, and you are feeling relaxed, there is no need to think.
    •  'Part of your mind is wondering how fast you are going into trance right now...' '
    • You are becoming more curious about how that change is occurring' 
    • 'Your mind is now becoming more open to the idea of change...'.
    • You can identify a mind reading statement by asking 'How can you know that?'.
  14. Complex Equivalence
    We say A=B, to suggest resourceful states. We say that one thing, which is occurring means something else. For instance, ―Because you just sighed, it means your unconscious mind is working on this matter. This enables us to indirectly suggest ―your unconscious mind is working on this matter.
    • Your noticing some of these changes means you are growing.
    • When you notice this you will know these wonderful changes are occurring.
    •  Your deep, easy breathing shows (that) you are beginning to feel different.
    • Sitting in the chair means you are taking it easy.
    •  'Seeing yourself on that bridge demonstrates that you have made a decision today'. 
    • 'snapping that tape means you are choosing a different life ' 
    • 'because you have control... you have choice in everything you do... '.
    • Example: “That means...”  
    • "She is late, that means she does not care."
    • - Meta Model Antidote: "How specifically does this mean that...?"
  15. Lost Performatives
    We leave out the "according to whom‘ so the listener can concentrate on the suggestions. Opinions are stated as authoritative facts.
    • It is good to take time out.
    •  It is important to sit comfortably.
    • The mightiest power in the universe is now working on the problem.
    • It is best to let the unconscious mind do the thinking for now.
    • How wonderful it is to remember the times you did well.
    •  "Your subconscious mind will find the correct answer." 
    • "You are never going to have a problem with your nails again." 
    • "No habit can stand up to the power of the mind.
    • You can always test for a lost performative statement by asking 'Says Who?' or According to whom?
  16. Conversational Postulates
    Same as modal operators of possibility. It is more friendly to use "can‘ when we mean "will you‘. A conversational postulate is a question which, on the face of it, requires a Yes or No answer, but which is really demanding a specific behavior. 'Could you pass me the cream?' is a request for action, not an enquiry about ability. 'Do you really have to stand there?' is a request for someone to move. Similarly, questions can be posed in hypnosis that are really instructions.
    • Can you let your left arm raise, or your right arm?
    • Can you open the window?
    • And you can relax deeply.
    •  'I wonder if you can recall a time when you were really relaxed?'.
    •  'Can you imagine some peaceful, restful place?
    • 'I wonder if you could imagine a big old house somewhere....? ' 
    • 'Could you begin to relax while counting backwards from ten?'
    •  “Do you feel this is something you understand?”
  17. Tag Question
    These are Milton Model questions that encourage the client to confirm the truth of the words immediately preceding, aren't they? If you read that question again, its almost impossible not to say 'Yes', isn't it? It's always good to get the client into a positive frame of mind, I'm sure you would agree? If the tag question is delivered with a descending tone of voice, it reinforces the statement and discourages dissension.
    • You can, can you not?
    •  You have, haven’t you?
    •  It is so, is it not?
    •  'Relaxing can be very enjoyable, isn't it?'.
    • 'Some people really enjoy relaxing, don't you?
    • 'You might wonder what you will enjoy most, won't you? '.
    • - Meta Model Antidote: "No, it is not."
  18. Presuppositions
    A Milton Model presupposition talks about the consequences of something and deliberately avoids mentioning the underlying concept. The suggestion starts from an assumption that thing is true and then discusses the consequences of that thing being true. By focusing on the consequences whether the thing is true or not is ignored and never tested.
    • Adverbial-And now as you relax more deeply you feel something different.
    • Alternatives-I don't know whether you will go into hypnosis before relaxation is fully completed or begin right away.
    • Awareness-The little things you notice remind you of how you have relaxed.
    • Causality-Because your eyes are closed, your mind will open to the idea of deep relaxation.
    • Equivalence-Coming here today means you have made a decision to relax.
    • Ordinal-It may not be until the third breath that you notice relaxing.
    • Possibility-And you may find that each breath relaxes you more.
    • Time-You may not feel you are at the right level of relaxation yet.
    • Existence-It might be interesting to consider the level of your relaxation.
    • A supposition may be present if the statement makes more sense when you add "I suppose" at the end of it.
  19. Adverbs and Adjectives
    How easy it is to make changes when you let your unconscious mind do it.
    • More and more
    • Well! The more you want to change, the more changes you get!
    •  It‘s amazing. The more you take it easy, the more easy it becomes!
    • Listen to this! The more you feel good, the more good you feel.
    • The less you try, the more you notice changes.
    • And then it‘s gone! The more you notice this, the less you think about it.
  20. Modal Operators of Possibility
    • Possibility These include can, possible, could, able, can‘t, impossible, couldn‘t, unable, may and might.
    • Can you take a deep breath?
    • You could find this interesting.
    • It is possible the changes will occur sooner than you could imagine.
    • You may realize that you can learn.
    • You can’t be sure the changes will occur before our next meeting.
    • It is not impossible to change—even quicker than you think.
    • It could be exciting to consider the changes which might occur first, although you can’t consciously know exactly and in detail what they might be before they happen... although you might at some special level within you notice more than you initially think even...In fact, it is impossible not to because of changes. It is not impossible to notice them even sooner. You may have thought you couldn’t but—who knows—you can now.
  21. Modal Operators of Necessity
    • Necessity-These include should, need to, have to, will, ought to, must, mustn‘t needn‘t, shouldn‘t and ought not.
    • You should take the opportunities when changes occur.
    • You must do this before our next session.
    • These are changes that, you must know you have to make. Everyone knows that you mustn’t let them pass you by now is the time when you must make them. It needn’t take too long and you won’t have to try hard. It‘s about doing without having to, making it happen without needing to. [Note grammatical error]
  22. Chain of Necessity to Possibility There is some gradation in the use of these verbs, from the concept "must" through "might" to "must not"
    • 1. will, must
    • 2. could, might, should, ought to
    • 3. might not, shouldn‘t, oughtn‘t
    • 4. couldn‘t, won‘t, mustn‘t

    The following longer list needs to be used with caution, because different people may rate the phrases differently, and the meanings differ when used in the second person. For instance, ‗I shouldn‘t do it‘ sometimes means the speaker will do it anyway. And ‗You shouldn‘t do it‘ means the listener is advised not to do it. If the word ‗really‘ is added it weakens the meaning. So ‗You shouldn‘t do it really‘ can mean ‗You may‘. 1. I will do it 2. I must do it 3. I have to 4. I could do it 5. I might do it 6. I may do it 7. I should do it 8. I oughtn't to do it 9. I shouldn't do it 10. I probably won't do it 11. It isn't impossible to do it 12. I can't do it 13. I mustn't do it 14. I won't do it
Card Set:
Milton Model Hypnotic Language
2013-12-31 02:26:02
Milton Model Language

Milton Model language
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